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Global Financial Stability Report, April 2019

Vulnerabilities in a Maturing Credit Cycle

The April 2019 GFSR finds that despite significant variability over the past two quarters, financial conditions remain accommodative.

World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

The Design of Instruments for Government Finance in an Islamic Economy

The Design of Instruments for Government Finance in an Islamic Economy »

Volume/Issue: 1998/54

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451847482.001

ISBN: 9781451847482

Keywords: Islamic banking, Treasury bills, indirect monetary instruments, rate of return, stock market, risk premium, investors, rates of return

This paper presents perhaps the most viable approach for the design of an instrument of government finance (and monetary management) in an Islamic economy where conventional transactions based on an ex-ante promise...

Dealing with Increased Risk of Natural Disasters
			: Challenges and Options

Dealing with Increased Risk of Natural Disasters : Challenges and Options »

Volume/Issue: 2003/197

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Keen , Paul Freeman , and Muthukumara Mani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451860030.001

ISBN: 9781451860030

Keywords: Natural Disasters, Climate Change, Urbanization, disaster, disasters, hurricane, disaster risk, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General, Economic Development: General, Natural Disaster,

Natural disaster risk is emerging as an increasingly important constraint on economic development and poverty reduction. This paper first sets out the key stylized facts in the area-that the costs of disaster have...

Islamic Financial Institutions and Products in the Global Financial System
			: Key Issues in Risk Management and Challenges Ahead

Islamic Financial Institutions and Products in the Global Financial System : Key Issues in Risk Management and Challenges Ahead »

Volume/Issue: 2002/192

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859775.001

ISBN: 9781451859775

Keywords: risk management. Islamic Financial Services Board, islamic banks, banking, mudaraba, islamic bank, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation, Comparative Analysis of Economic Systems, Islamic Financial Services Board,

The provision and use of financial services and products that conform to Islamic religious principles pose special challenges for the identification, measurement, monitoring, and control of underlying risks. Effect...

Enhancing Macroeconomic Resilience to Natural Disasters and Climate Change in the Small States of the Pacific

Enhancing Macroeconomic Resilience to Natural Disasters and Climate Change in the Small States of the Pacific »

Volume/Issue: 2015/125

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ezequiel Cabezon , Leni Hunter , Patrizia Tumbarello , Kazuaki Washimi , and Yiqun Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 June 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513525792.001

ISBN: 9781513525792

Keywords: natural disasters, climate change, panel VAR, disaster risk management, disasters, disaster, natural disaster, damage, Environment and Growth, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions,

Natural disasters and climate change are interrelated macro-critical issues affecting all Pacific small states to varying degrees. In addition to their devastating human costs, these events damage growth prospects...

Primeron Reforms in a Second-Best Ambiguous Environment
			: A Case for Gradualism

Primeron Reforms in a Second-Best Ambiguous Environment : A Case for Gradualism »

Volume/Issue: 2002/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): S. Erbas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451846980.001

ISBN: 9781451846980

Keywords: reform, sequencing, gradualism, big bang, uncertainty, ambiguity, flexibility, reform outcomes, reform package, expected value

Ambiguity, as opposed to uncertainty, reflects lack of sufficient information about distribution and payoffs of infrequent events. Reforms are infrequent events, undertaken in ambiguous second-best environments whe...

Restoring Sustainability in a Changing Global Environment
			: Options for Swaziland

Restoring Sustainability in a Changing Global Environment : Options for Swaziland »

Volume: 13

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Olivier Basdevant , and Borislava Mircheva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475589412.087

ISBN: 9781475589412

Keywords: Banking sector, Currency pegs, Debt sustainability analysis, External shocks, Reserves, Private sector, South Africa, Spillovers, Fiscal risk, Fiscal policy

The Kingdom of Swaziland (hereinafter “Swaziland”) is a small, open economy bordering Mozambique and South Africa with a population of 1.1 million people. It is a landlocked country with an economy he...