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Biodiversity, carbon storage and dynamics of old northern forests

Biodiversity, carbon storage and dynamics of old northern forests »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Heleen de Wit , Erik Framstad , Erik Karltun , Markku Larjavaara , Raisa Mäkipää , and Lars Vesterdal

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289325103

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Global Climate System, Nordic Countries, Greenhouse Gas Carbon Dioxide, Complex Ecosystems, Biodiversity, Old Forests

Forests play a key role in the global climate system. The Nordic countries have extensive forests with large and growing tree biomass that captures substantial amounts of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide. Nordic f...

The economic crisis and its consequences for the environment and environmental policy

The economic crisis and its consequences for the environment and environmental policy »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Elina Berghäll , and Adriaan Perrels

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

ISBN: 9789289320863

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Economic Crisis, Environmental Policy, Greenhouse Gas Emission, Climate Mitigation, Green Transformation, Economy and national budget

A review study of the impacts of the economic crisis on the environment and environmental policy in Nordic countries indicates that the short run economic slowdown translates into a levelling or decline of various...

Climate Policy and the Recovery

Climate Policy and the Recovery »

Source: Climate Policy and the Recovery

Volume/Issue: 2009/28

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Michael Keen , and Benjamin Jones

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 December 2009

ISBN: 9781455220946

Keywords: Climatic changes, Climate change, fiscal policy, carbon taxation, emissions trading, fiscal stimulus, emissions, carbon pricing, greenhouse gas, greenhouse gases

...

China's State-Owned Enterprises as Climate Policy Actors
			: The Power and Steel Sectors

China's State-Owned Enterprises as Climate Policy Actors : The Power and Steel Sectors »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Henrik Bergsager , and Anna Korppoo

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289325356

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Greenhouse Gas, State Owned Enterprises (SOEs), Electricity and Steel Sectors, Guanxi and Nomenklatura, Emission Growth, Political Leadership

A significant share of the greenhouse gas emitting activities of China is operated by state owned enterprises (SOEs). This report, written by Fridtjof Nansen Institute for the Nordic Council of Ministers, discusses...

Climate Policy: Costs and Design
			: A survey of some recent numerical studies

Climate Policy: Costs and Design : A survey of some recent numerical studies »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Mads Greaker , Christian Grorud , Michael Hoel , and Ingeborg Rasmussen

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2009

ISBN: 9789289318884

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Climate Change, Climate Policies, Numerical Analyses, Costs of Reducing Emissions, Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Economy and national budget

There is a large and growing literature focusing on economic issues related to climate change and climate policies. This report presents a discussion of some of the recent studies. The focus is on various numerical...

How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries’ Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits

How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries’ Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits »

Source: How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries' Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits

Volume/Issue: 2014/174

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , Chandara Veung , and Dirk Heine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2014

ISBN: 9781498358279

Keywords: carbon pricing, co-benefits, air pollution, fuel taxes, top twenty emitters, benefits, natural gas, fossil fuel, greenhouse gas, Government Policy

This paper calculates, for the top twenty emitting countries, how much pricing of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions is in their own national interests due to domestic co-benefits (leaving aside the global climate bene...

Carbon Taxes

Carbon Taxes »

Source: Carbon Taxes : Their Macroeconomic Effects and Prospects for Global Adoption: A Survey of the Literature

Volume/Issue: 1998/73

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ved Gandhi , and Javier Cuervo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1998

ISBN: 9781451849431

Keywords: carbon tax, climate change, double dividend, economic growth, greenhouse gas emissions, global warming, income distribution, international competitiveness, Kyoto protocol, carbon taxes

The carbon tax is a major instrument for curbing greenhouse gas emissions that cause global warming. Yet its adoption has been limited because of concerns over its effects on economic growth, income distribution, a...

Climate Policy and the Recovery

Climate Policy and the Recovery »

Volume/Issue: 2009/28

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Michael Keen , and Benjamin Jones

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 December 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455220946.004

ISBN: 9781455220946

Keywords: Climatic changes, Climate change, fiscal policy, carbon taxation, emissions trading, fiscal stimulus, emissions, carbon pricing, greenhouse gas, greenhouse gases

...

How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries' Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits

How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries' Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits »

Volume/Issue: 2014/174

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , Chandara Veung , and Dirk Heine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498358279.001

ISBN: 9781498358279

Keywords: carbon pricing, co-benefits, air pollution, fuel taxes, top twenty emitters, benefits, natural gas, fossil fuel, greenhouse gas, Government Policy

This paper calculates, for the top twenty emitting countries, how much pricing of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions is in their own national interests due to domestic co-benefits (leaving aside the global climate bene...

Carbon Taxes
			: Their Macroeconomic Effects and Prospects for Global Adoption:  A Survey of the Literature

Carbon Taxes : Their Macroeconomic Effects and Prospects for Global Adoption: A Survey of the Literature »

Volume/Issue: 1998/73

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ved Gandhi , and Javier Cuervo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451849431.001

ISBN: 9781451849431

Keywords: carbon tax, climate change, double dividend, economic growth, greenhouse gas emissions, global warming, income distribution, international competitiveness, Kyoto protocol, carbon taxes

The carbon tax is a major instrument for curbing greenhouse gas emissions that cause global warming. Yet its adoption has been limited because of concerns over its effects on economic growth, income distribution, a...