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Challenges to the Swedish Welfare State

Challenges to the Swedish Welfare State »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Desmond Lachman , Ramana Ramaswamy , J. Green , Robert Hagemann , and Adam Bennett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754868.084

ISBN: 9781557754868

Keywords: pension, export prices, unemployment, labor market, recession

Sweden's economy in the early 1990s has been characterized by a deep recession, high unemployment, a ballooning public sector budgete deficit, and a decline in the value of the currency- developments that have rais...

Yemen in the 1990s
			: From Unification to Economic Reform

Yemen in the 1990s : From Unification to Economic Reform »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Nada Choueiri , Klaus-Stefan Enders , Yuri Sobolev , Jan Walliser , and Sherwyn Williams

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 May 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589060425.084

ISBN: 9781589060425

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, crude oil, oil prices, petroleum products

The 1990s saw the unification of the two Yemens into one nation and a burgeoning of the country's oil sector. This paper examines the structural changes in the Yemeni economy brought about by these and other develo...

The Romanian Economic Reform Program

The Romanian Economic Reform Program »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mohsin Khan , and Dimitri Demekas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557751904.084

ISBN: 9781557751904

Keywords: banking, foreign trade, foreign exchange, price liberalization, reform program

This paper outlines the main characteristics and the development of the centrally planned economic sysetm in Romania before the beginnings of the transition to a market eonomy it then presents the design, objective...

Lifting the Oil Curse
			: Improving Petroleum Revenue Management in Sub-Saharan Africa

Lifting the Oil Curse : Improving Petroleum Revenue Management in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Harinder Malothra , Milan Cuc , Ulrich Bartsch , and Menachem Katz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589063174.058

ISBN: 9781589063174

Keywords: fiscal policy, oil sector, oil companies, exchange rate, oil prices

How can a country turn oil revenues into a blessing rather than a curse? With growing international interest in new offshore oil deposits in sub-Saharan Africa, there is also greater scrutiny of the reasons why man...

Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Catherine Pattillo , Marc Quintyn , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616353797.071

ISBN: 9781616353797

Keywords: hedging, fiscal policy, inflation, terms of trade, food prices

In the years following the global financial crisis, many low-income countries experienced rapid recovery and strong economic growth. However, many are now facing enormous difficulties because of rapidly rising food...

World Economic Outlook, April 2008
			: Housing and the Business Cycle

World Economic Outlook, April 2008 : Housing and the Business Cycle »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 August 2008

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067387.081

ISBN: 9781589067387

Keywords: Balance of payments, Exchange rates, Labor markets, National accounts, Prices, commodity prices, emission, monetary policy, mortgage, domestic demand

The global expansion is losing speed in the face of a major financial crisis. The slowdown has been greatest in the advanced economies, particularly in the United States, where the housing market correction continu...

World Economic Outlook, April 2008
			: Housing and the Business Cycle

World Economic Outlook, April 2008 : Housing and the Business Cycle »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 June 2008

Language: Russian

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067431.081.A001

ISBN: 9781589067431

Keywords: Balance of payments, Exchange rates, Labor markets, National accounts, Prices, commodity prices, emission, monetary policy, mortgage, domestic demand

The global expansion is losing speed in the face of a major financial crisis. The slowdown has been greatest in the advanced economies, particularly in the United States, where the housing market correction continu...

World Economic Outlook, April 2008
			: Housing and the Business Cycle

World Economic Outlook, April 2008 : Housing and the Business Cycle »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 September 2008

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504947666.081

ISBN: 9787504947666

Keywords: Balance of payments, Exchange rates, Labor markets, National accounts, Prices, commodity prices, emission, monetary policy, mortgage, domestic demand

The global expansion is losing speed in the face of a major financial crisis. The slowdown has been greatest in the advanced economies, particularly in the United States, where the housing market correction continu...

Managing the Oil Revenue Boom
			: The Role of Fiscal Institutions

Managing the Oil Revenue Boom : The Role of Fiscal Institutions »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mauricio Villafuerte , Rolando Ossowski , Theo Thomas , and Paulo Medas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 April 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067189.084

ISBN: 9781589067189

Keywords: Financial institutions, Oil revenues, oil-producing countries, fiscal policy, oil prices, fiscal rules

Oil-producing countries have benefited from rising oil prices in recent years. The increase in oil exports and oil revenues has had major implications for these countries. These developments have revealed how gover...

World Economic Outlook, April 2007
			: Spillovers and Cycles in the Global Economy

World Economic Outlook, April 2007 : Spillovers and Cycles in the Global Economy »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 July 2007

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589066298.081

ISBN: 9781589066298

Keywords: current account, external financing, exchange rate, current account balance, balance of payments, labor share, labor compensation, oil prices, current account deficit, net debtor

The IMF's World Economic Outlook is packed with country specific facts, figures, and worldwide projections that present the outlook for growth, inflation, trade, and other economic developments in a clear, practica...