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Energy Subsidy Reform
			: Lessons and Implications

Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications »

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475558111.071

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Energy subsidies are aimed at protecting consumers, however, subsidies aggravate fiscal imbalances, crowd out priority public spending, and depress private investment, including in the energy sector. This book prov...

A Study of the Soviet Economy. 3-volume set
			: 3-Volume Set

A Study of the Soviet Economy. 3-volume set : 3-Volume Set »

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9789264134683.071

ISBN: 9789264134683

Keywords: prices, payments, credit, interest, wage

This three-volume study of the Soviet economy presents the detailed information, analysis, and recommendations for the summary report presented to the Group of Seven industrial countries in December 1990. The study...

Challenges to the Swedish Welfare State

Challenges to the Swedish Welfare State »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Desmond Lachman , Ramana Ramaswamy , J. Green , Robert Hagemann , and Adam Bennett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754868.084

ISBN: 9781557754868

Keywords: pension, export prices, unemployment, labor market, recession

Sweden's economy in the early 1990s has been characterized by a deep recession, high unemployment, a ballooning public sector budgete deficit, and a decline in the value of the currency- developments that have rais...

Coordinating Stabilization and Structural Reform
			: Proceedings of the Seminar Coordination of Structural Reform and Macroeconomic Stabilization, Washington, D.C., June 17-26, 1993

Coordinating Stabilization and Structural Reform : Proceedings of the Seminar Coordination of Structural Reform and Macroeconomic Stabilization, Washington, D.C., June 17-26, 1993 »

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754301.071

ISBN: 9781557754301

Keywords: interest, exchange rate, inflation, prices, restructuring

This seminar volume, edited by Richard C. Barth, Alan R. Roe, and Chorng-Huey Wong, presents an overview of the links between structural and macroeconomic policies that were addressed in an IMF Institute seminar he...

Beyond the Curse
			: Policies to Harness the Power of Natural Resources

Beyond the Curse : Policies to Harness the Power of Natural Resources »

Series: Books

Author(s): Amadou Sy , Rabah Arezki , and Thorvaldur Gylfason

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616351458.071

ISBN: 9781616351458

Keywords: natural resource, copper, inflation, commodity prices

Countries with an abundance of natural resources, many of which are in sub-Saharan Africa, often show a record of relatively poor economic performance compared with non-resource-rich countries. The chapters in this...

The Romanian Economic Reform Program

The Romanian Economic Reform Program »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mohsin Khan , and Dimitri Demekas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557751904.084

ISBN: 9781557751904

Keywords: banking, foreign trade, foreign exchange, price liberalization, reform program

This paper outlines the main characteristics and the development of the centrally planned economic sysetm in Romania before the beginnings of the transition to a market eonomy it then presents the design, objective...

Fiscal Policy Formulation and Implementation in Oil-Producing Countries

Fiscal Policy Formulation and Implementation in Oil-Producing Countries »

Series: Books

Author(s): Jeffrey Davis , Annalisa Fedelino , and Rolando Ossowski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 August 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061750.071

ISBN: 9781589061750

Keywords: oil prices, fiscal policy, oil revenues, oil and gas, taxation

Countries with large oil resources can benefit substantially from them. However, despite their huge natural resources, many oil producers have had disappointing growth, widespread poverty, and continuing vulnerabil...

Publikation: Carbon leakage from a Nordic perspective

Publikation: Carbon leakage from a Nordic perspective »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Martin Bo Hansen , Sigrud Næss-Schmidt , and Jens Sand Kirk

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9789289323055

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Price of Emitting CO2, EU Level, Emission Trading Scheme (ETS), ETS Price, Electricity to Finance Renewable Energy Investments, Transport Costs

Increasing the price of emitting CO2 into the atmosphere is a forceful instrument. At the EU level, this is pursued through the common Emission Trading Scheme (ETS). At the national level, the ETS price is compleme...

Managing the Oil Revenue Boom
			: The Role of Fiscal Institutions

Managing the Oil Revenue Boom : The Role of Fiscal Institutions »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mauricio Villafuerte , Rolando Ossowski , Theo Thomas , and Paulo Medas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 April 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067189.084

ISBN: 9781589067189

Keywords: Financial institutions, Oil revenues, oil-producing countries, fiscal policy, oil prices, fiscal rules

Oil-producing countries have benefited from rising oil prices in recent years. The increase in oil exports and oil revenues has had major implications for these countries. These developments have revealed how gover...

Two approaches to pricing pollution

Two approaches to pricing pollution »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Elina Berghäll , Christina van Breugel , Mattias Enggaard , Jes Erik Jessen , Christopher Sköld , and Ulrika Stavlöt

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327220

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Cap and Trade Method, Pricing Pollution, Average Abatement Cost, Working Group on Environment and Economy (MEG), Working Group for SCP (HKP), Nordic Council of Ministers

In comparison is the commonly used Cap and Trade method with an alternative and novel method for pricing pollution: The aim was to conduct a practical approach to clarify advantages and challenges of the respective...