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De-Monopolization toward Long-Term Prosperity in China

De-Monopolization toward Long-Term Prosperity in China »

Source: De-Monopolization toward Long-Term Prosperity in China

Volume/Issue: 2012/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ashvin Ahuja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

ISBN: 9781475502275

Keywords: Aggregate Productivity, monopoly, tfp, gdp per capita, competitive equilibrium, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Economic Growth And Aggregate Productivity,

During the past decade, the average Chinese earns roughly 9 times less and is 10 times less productive than the average American at purchasing power parity. Current consensus attributes large differences in output...

Increasing Productivity Growth in Middle Income Countries

Increasing Productivity Growth in Middle Income Countries »

Source: Increasing Productivity Growth in Middle Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2015/2

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Aidar Abdychev , La-Bhus Fah Jirasavetakul , Andrew Jonelis , Lamin Leigh , Ashwin Moheeput , Friska Parulian , Ara Stepanyan , and Albert Touna Mama

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 January 2015

ISBN: 9781484328439

Keywords: Growth, potential growth&;amp;#x2026;, environment, debt, productivity growth, economics, trade, Forecasting and Other Model Applications, Forecasting and Simulation, One

Many small middle-income countries (SMICs) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) have experienced a moderation in growth in recent years. Although factor accumulation, most notably capital deepening, was crucial to the succe...

Determinants of, and the Relation Between, Foreign Direct Investment and Growth

Determinants of, and the Relation Between, Foreign Direct Investment and Growth »

Source: Determinants of, and the Relation Between, Foreign Direct Investment and Growth : A Summary of the Recent Literature

Volume/Issue: 2001/175

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ewe-Ghee Lim

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2001

ISBN: 9781451858754

Keywords: determinants, fdi, direct investment, foreign investment, foreign investors, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General, General,

This paper summarizes recent arguments/findings on two aspects of foreign direct investment (FDI): its correlation with economic growth and its determinants. The first part focuses on recent literature regarding po...

Addressing the Natural Resource Curse

Addressing the Natural Resource Curse »

Source: Addressing the Natural Resource Curse : An Illustration From Nigeria

Volume/Issue: 2003/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , and Xavier Sala-i-Martin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2003

ISBN: 9781451856064

Keywords: institutions, growth, natural resource, oil revenues, oil prices, natural gas, Economywide Country Studies: Africa, Comparative Studies of Countries, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity, Economywide Country Studies,

Some natural resources-oil and minerals in particular-exert a negative and nonlinear impact on growth via their deleterious impact on institutional quality. We show this result to be very robust. The Nigerian exper...

Inclusive Growth, Institutions, and the Underground Economy

Inclusive Growth, Institutions, and the Underground Economy »

Source: Inclusive Growth, Institutions, and the Underground Economy

Volume/Issue: 2012/47

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Adil Mohommad , Anoop Singh , and Sonali Jain-Chandra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2012

ISBN: 9781463937089

Keywords: institutions, law, property rights, regulatory burden, institutional development, income tax rate, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General,

Worldwide protests against the perceived lack of economic opportunity and failure of governance have refocused attention on the need for inclusive growth and strong institutions. In developing countries, large info...

Avoiding the New Mediocre: Raising Long-Term Growth in the Middle East and Central Asia

Avoiding the New Mediocre: Raising Long-Term Growth in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Avoiding the New Mediocre : Raising Long-Term Growth in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Pritha Mitra , Amr Hosny , Gohar Minasyan , Mark Fischer , and Gohar Abajyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 March 2016

ISBN: 9781513572710

Keywords: Middle East and Central Asia, Fiscal policy, environment, oil, productivity, growth, employment, long-term growth, capital, labor

Raising the Middle East and Central Asia's long-term growth prospects is critical for meeting the region's pressing need for jobs and higher living standards....

1. Why Raise Long-Term Growth?

1. Why Raise Long-Term Growth? »

Source: Avoiding the New Mediocre : Raising Long-Term Growth in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Pritha Mitra , Amr Hosny , Gohar Minasyan , Mark Fischer , and Gohar Abajyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 March 2016

ISBN: 9781513572710

Keywords: Middle East and Central Asia, Fiscal policy, environment, oil, productivity, growth, employment, long-term growth, capital, labor

Underlying long-term growth is potential growth—the rate of growth of the level of output consistent with stable inflation, 2 which is fundamental to job creation and living stand...

2. What Matters for Growth of Productivity, Employment, and Capital?

2. What Matters for Growth of Productivity, Employment, and Capital? »

Source: Avoiding the New Mediocre : Raising Long-Term Growth in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Pritha Mitra , Amr Hosny , Gohar Minasyan , Mark Fischer , and Gohar Abajyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 March 2016

ISBN: 9781513572710

Keywords: Middle East and Central Asia, Fiscal policy, environment, oil, productivity, growth, employment, long-term growth, capital, labor

The above supply-side drivers of growth have long been examined, 6 but what are the underlying determinants of these drivers? For example, technological progress can raise product...

3. Reforms to Unlock Growth Potential in the Middle East and Central Asia

3. Reforms to Unlock Growth Potential in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Avoiding the New Mediocre : Raising Long-Term Growth in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Pritha Mitra , Amr Hosny , Gohar Minasyan , Mark Fischer , and Gohar Abajyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 March 2016

ISBN: 9781513572710

Keywords: Middle East and Central Asia, Fiscal policy, environment, oil, productivity, growth, employment, long-term growth, capital, labor

Raising growth potential requires combinations of reforms that can affect the factors discussed in Chapter 2 and, naturally, reform priorities vary across countries. Most reform areas are heavily discussed i...

4. Main Findings and Policy Implications

4. Main Findings and Policy Implications »

Source: Avoiding the New Mediocre : Raising Long-Term Growth in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Pritha Mitra , Amr Hosny , Gohar Minasyan , Mark Fischer , and Gohar Abajyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 March 2016

ISBN: 9781513572710

Keywords: Middle East and Central Asia, Fiscal policy, environment, oil, productivity, growth, employment, long-term growth, capital, labor

Well-targeted policies can boost the Middle East and Central Asia’s declining long-term economic growth prospects, lifting the region out of the “new mediocre.” In the midst of intensifying regional conflict...