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Germany

Germany »

Source: Germany : 2011 Article IV Consultation: Staff Report; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Germany

Volume/Issue: 2011/168

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 July 2011

ISBN: 9781455296729

Keywords: commercial banks, credit cooperatives, domestic demand, unemployment rate, domestic investment

Germany's economic growth and recovery from the global crisis are explained in this study. Tax, education, and innovation policies are specific measures supported by the authorities. External and financial shocks r...

Governors’ statements: Poverty seen as greatest challenge of new century despite improved global environment

Governors’ statements: Poverty seen as greatest challenge of new century despite improved global environment »

Source: IMF Survey : Volume 29, Issue 20

Volume/Issue: 29/20

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451926651

Keywords: aging, pension, aging population, elderly, social security

In conjunction with its annual Article IV consultation with Japan, IMF staff prepared a background paper (Japan-Selected Issues) on a number of key topics. Two chapters of that paper dealt with the macroeconomic an...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2012 Article IV Consultation with Austria

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2012 Article IV Consultation with Austria »

Source: Austria : 2012 Article IV Consultation: Staff Report; Informational Annex; Statement by the Staff Representative; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Austria

Volume/Issue: 2012/251

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2012

ISBN: 9781475506778

Keywords: retirement, pension, early retirement, health care, retirement age

Austria has relatively strong macroeconomic fundamentals, but also deep ties with the rest of the euro area. The legacy of an overly ambitious eastward financial sector expansion has created substantial challenges...

The Role of Contractual Savings

The Role of Contractual Savings »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1972

Volume/Issue: 9/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1972

ISBN: 9781616353100

Keywords: pollution, population growth, population problem, demographers, world population

This paper describes what the limits to growth are. The paper highlights that many critical variables in global society-particularly population and industrial production-have been growing at a constant percentage r...

From Stimulus to Consolidation: Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

From Stimulus to Consolidation: Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Source: From Stimulus to Consolidation : Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Juan Toro R. , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2010

ISBN: 9781616350420

Keywords: pension, retirement, tax rates, pensions, taxation

This paper identifies policy tools that could be used for fiscal consolidation in advanced and emerging economies in the years ahead. The consolidation strategy, particularly in advanced countries, should aim to st...

Republic of Poland: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Republic of Poland: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Republic of Poland : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 1998/51

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 June 1998

ISBN: 9781451831801

Keywords: fiscal costs, pollution, air pollution, gas, budgetary implications

This Selected Issues paper and Statistical Appendix analyzes fiscal costs associated with Poland's accession to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and European Union (EU). The paper highlights that Poland's acc...

Recent Activity–International Monetary Fund

Recent Activity–International Monetary Fund »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1972

Volume/Issue: 9/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1972

ISBN: 9781616353100

Keywords: pollution, population growth, population problem, demographers, world population

This paper describes what the limits to growth are. The paper highlights that many critical variables in global society-particularly population and industrial production-have been growing at a constant percentage r...

Statement by Mr. Johann Prader, Alternate Executive Director for Austria, August 27, 2012

Statement by Mr. Johann Prader, Alternate Executive Director for Austria, August 27, 2012 »

Source: Austria : 2012 Article IV Consultation: Staff Report; Informational Annex; Statement by the Staff Representative; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Austria

Volume/Issue: 2012/251

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2012

ISBN: 9781475506778

Keywords: retirement, pension, early retirement, health care, retirement age

Austria has relatively strong macroeconomic fundamentals, but also deep ties with the rest of the euro area. The legacy of an overly ambitious eastward financial sector expansion has created substantial challenges...

Fund activity: Interim Committee Meeting at Jamaica agrees on international monetary reform. Fund has record transactions during 1975

Fund activity: Interim Committee Meeting at Jamaica agrees on international monetary reform. Fund has record transactions during 1975 »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1976

Volume/Issue: 13/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1976

ISBN: 9781616353247

Keywords: monetary system, gold, monetary fund, international monetary system

This paper highlights that agreement on an important package of reforms of vital significance to the future of the international monetary system was reached at a meeting of the Interim Committee of the Board of Gov...

Albania

Albania »

Source: Albania : Recent Economic Developments and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 1999/69

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 August 1999

ISBN: 9781451800685

Keywords: debt, interest, payments, taxes, external debt

This paper reviews macroeconomic developments in Albania during 1997-99. Backed by a tightening of monetary policy, inflation subsided quickly in the second half of 1997, and the exchange rate recovered from its ea...