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CHAPTER 4 The Policy Record

CHAPTER 4 The Policy Record »

Source: Economic Adjustment and Reform in Low-Income Countries (ESAF Review Background Papers)

Series: Books

Author(s): Susan Schadler , and Hugh Bredenkamp

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757159

Keywords: inflation, public enterprises, public enterprise, enterprise reform, public enterprise sector

This chapter examines developments in the macroeconomic and structural policies of the ESAF countries during the period under review and takes stock of the progress achieved toward greater macroeconomic stab...

CHAPTER 2 Methodological Issues

CHAPTER 2 Methodological Issues »

Source: Economic Adjustment and Reform in Low-Income Countries (ESAF Review Background Papers)

Series: Books

Author(s): Susan Schadler , and Hugh Bredenkamp

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757159

Keywords: inflation, public enterprises, public enterprise, enterprise reform, public enterprise sector

The extent of progress with respect to the objectives of the ESAF can be assessed from a variety of perspectives. The most commonly used in evaluations of adjustment programs are:...

CHAPTER 1 Overview

CHAPTER 1 Overview »

Source: Economic Adjustment and Reform in Low-Income Countries (ESAF Review Background Papers)

Series: Books

Author(s): Susan Schadler , and Hugh Bredenkamp

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757159

Keywords: inflation, public enterprises, public enterprise, enterprise reform, public enterprise sector

In the aftermath of the debt crisis of the early 1980s, many of the IMF’s poorest member countries embarked on far-reaching programs of adjustment and economic reform. The severity and structural nature of t...

CHAPTER 6 Inflation: The Case for a More Resolute Approach

CHAPTER 6 Inflation: The Case for a More Resolute Approach »

Source: Economic Adjustment and Reform in Low-Income Countries (ESAF Review Background Papers)

Series: Books

Author(s): Susan Schadler , and Hugh Bredenkamp

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757159

Keywords: inflation, public enterprises, public enterprise, enterprise reform, public enterprise sector

This chapter begins with a review of inflation performance and arrives at a mixed assessment: the record on ending high inflation is satisfactory, but the record on achieving low (single-digit) inflation is...

CHAPTER 5 Economic Growth: What Has Been Achieved and How?

CHAPTER 5 Economic Growth: What Has Been Achieved and How? »

Source: Economic Adjustment and Reform in Low-Income Countries (ESAF Review Background Papers)

Series: Books

Author(s): Susan Schadler , and Hugh Bredenkamp

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757159

Keywords: inflation, public enterprises, public enterprise, enterprise reform, public enterprise sector

The promotion of sustainable economic growth is one of the principal objectives of ESAF-supported programs. This chapter examines the pattern of growth in ESAF countries over the past 10–15 years, drawing co...

Statement by the IMF Staff Representative, November 12, 2003

Statement by the IMF Staff Representative, November 12, 2003 »

Source: Equatorial Guinea : Staff Report for the 2003 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2003/385

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 December 2003

ISBN: 9781451815924

Keywords: debt, budget, deficit, article, interest

The discussions for the 2003 Article IV Consultation with Equatorial Guinea were conducted in Malabo and Bata. Executive Directors expressed concern about the continued weakness in economic policy performance, macr...

CHAPTER 3 The Setting for Adjustment and Reform

CHAPTER 3 The Setting for Adjustment and Reform »

Source: Economic Adjustment and Reform in Low-Income Countries (ESAF Review Background Papers)

Series: Books

Author(s): Susan Schadler , and Hugh Bredenkamp

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757159

Keywords: inflation, public enterprises, public enterprise, enterprise reform, public enterprise sector

The countries under review were among the world’s poorest, with annual per capita GNP averaging about US$400 in the early 1980s (compared with over $1,800 for other developing countries). This gap in income...

CHAPTER 8 Moving Ahead with Structural Reform

CHAPTER 8 Moving Ahead with Structural Reform »

Source: Economic Adjustment and Reform in Low-Income Countries (ESAF Review Background Papers)

Series: Books

Author(s): Susan Schadler , and Hugh Bredenkamp

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757159

Keywords: inflation, public enterprises, public enterprise, enterprise reform, public enterprise sector

Large, inefficient public enterprise sectors and distressed banking systems existed in virtually all of the 36 ESAF countries covered by this review and weighed heavily on the finances of the budget and priv...

Modeling Macro-Critical Energy Sectors in Low-Income Countries

Modeling Macro-Critical Energy Sectors in Low-Income Countries »

Source: Modeling Macro-Critical Energy Sectors in Low-Income Countries : A General Framework and an Application to Côte d'Ivoire

Volume/Issue: 2008/156

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Holger Fabig

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9781451870145

Keywords: Energy sector modeling, low-income countries, hydrocarbon production, petroleum products, C&;amp;#x00F4;te d&;amp;#x2019;Ivoire, crude oil, gas production, oil and gas,

This paper proposes a general framework for monitoring macro-critical energy sectors in low-income countries, defined as consisting of the three subsectors of crude oil and natural gas production, refinery, and ele...

Harmonization of Domestic Consumption Taxes in Central and Western African Countries

Harmonization of Domestic Consumption Taxes in Central and Western African Countries »

Source: Harmonization of Domestic Consumption Taxes in Central and Western African Countries

Volume/Issue: 2006/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lubin Kobla Doe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2006

ISBN: 9781451862683

Keywords: Harmonization, CEMAC, WAEMU, WAMZ, vat, excise tax, petroleum taxes, tax administration, Other Economic Systems: Performance and Prospects,

This paper examines the reform of the main domestic consumption taxes initiated by the CEMAC and the WAEMU aimed at reinforcing their economic integration. On the whole, compliance with the VAT is relatively weaker...