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Source: Central Bank Reform in the Transition Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1997

ISBN: 9781557756084

Keywords: national bank, banking, central bank, foreign exchange, banking system

Since 1992, the central banks of the Baltic states and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) have undertaken to various degrees comprehensive reform of their monetary and exc...

Megacities and the Environment

Megacities and the Environment »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1993

Volume/Issue: 30/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1993

ISBN: 9781451952568

Keywords: monetary policy, inflation, central bank, foreign exchange, monetary fund

SlNCE the dissolution of the Soviet Union, most of the former member states have retained the ruble as their national currency but have followed independent monetary policies. Such a combination is not sustainable....

FDI and the Investment Climate in the CIS Countries

FDI and the Investment Climate in the CIS Countries »

Source: FDI and the Investment Climate in the CIS Countries

Volume/Issue: 2003/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Clinton Shiells

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2003

ISBN: 9781451972849

Keywords: Former Soviet Union, Montenegro, Transition economies, Investment climate, FDI, Regional issues, investment, capital flows, direct investment,

In view of disappointing levels of inward foreign direct investment (FDI), this paper examines capital flows into the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries and investigates the main impediments to a mo...

Russian Federation: Selected Issues

Russian Federation: Selected Issues »

Source: Russian Federation : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2006/430

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 2006

ISBN: 9781451975307

Keywords: revenues, budget, public capital, financial assets, deficit

Russia's large oil and gas reserves play a key role in its economic development. As with many other large oil exporters, Russia's energy wealth is also posing numerous challenges to macroeconomic management. Althou...

Foreign Direct Investment in Southeastern Europe

Foreign Direct Investment in Southeastern Europe »

Source: Foreign Direct Investment in Southeastern Europe : How (and How Much) Can Policies Help?

Volume/Issue: 2005/110

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elina Ribakova , Balázs Horváth , Dimitri Demekas , and Yi Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2005

ISBN: 9781451861297

Keywords: Southeastern Europe, fdi, direct investment, host country, foreign investment, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Models with Panel Data, Socialist Systems and Transitional Economies: Performance and Prospects,

Gravity factors explain a large part of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows in Southeastern Europe-a region not comprehensively covered before in econometric studies-but hostcountry policies also matter. Key ar...

Weathering the Storm So Far

Weathering the Storm So Far »

Source: Weathering the Storm So Far : The Impact of the 2003-05 Oil Shock on Low-Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2006/171

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Helaway Tadesse , Mark Lewis , Jörg Zeuner , James John , Luzmaria Monasi , and Paolo Dudine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2006

ISBN: 9781451864311

Keywords: adjustment, fiscal, quasi-fiscal, pass-through, low-income country, IMF financing, oil imports, oil importers, National Deficit Surplus, Energy and the Macroeconomy

This paper examines the impact of the 2003-05 oil price increase on the balance of payments positions and IMF financing needs of low-income country oil importers. It finds that stronger exports reflecting favorable...

France: Staff Report for the 2013 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

France: Staff Report for the 2013 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: France : 2013 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2013/251

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 August 2013

ISBN: 9781475571868

Keywords: fiscal consolidation, structural fiscal, fiscal adjustment, tax incentives, tax wedge

This 2013 Article IV Consultation highlights that in a context of weakening economic conditions in Europe and sizeable fiscal consolidation and domestic policy uncertainty, the French economy flat lined in 2012. Ho...

Azerbaijan Republic: Selected Issues

Azerbaijan Republic: Selected Issues »

Source: Azerbaijan Republic : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2005/17

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 January 2005

ISBN: 9781451802665

Keywords: natural gas, oil products, oil prices, petroleum products, gas prices

This Selected Issues paper on Azerbaijan Republic reports that the government has made substantial progress in dealing with energy-related subsidies. The domestic market for oil products has been tightly regulated...

Islamic Republic of Iran

Islamic Republic of Iran »

Source: Islamic Republic of Iran : Selected Issues Paper

Volume/Issue: 2010/76

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451981803

Keywords: electricity, energy policy, energy efficiency, electricity production, petroleum products

This Selected Issues paper discusses the economics of energy price reform in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Economic policies in Iran have traditionally relied on the abundant availability of energy at a low price t...

Ukraine: Selected Issues

Ukraine: Selected Issues »

Source: Ukraine : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2007/47

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 February 2007

ISBN: 9781451839098

Keywords: energy, tariffs, energy sector, international monetary fund

This Selected Issues paper analyses the impact that rising energy import prices might have on growth and inflation in Ukraine. The paper examines how rising gas prices might elevate macrofiscal risks in Ukraine's s...