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Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending »

Source: Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending : Theory and Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2015/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke , and Constant Lonkeng Ngouana

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2015

ISBN: 9781475580747

Keywords: Energy subsidies, Public social spending, Causality, subsidy, tax, energy subsidy, Cross-Sectional Models, Single Equation Models: Single Variables: Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation, Causality.,

This paper shows that high energy subsidies and low public social spending can emerge as an equilibrium outcome of a political game between the elite and the middle-class when the provision of public goods is subje...

Islamic Financial Institutions and Products in the Global Financial System

Islamic Financial Institutions and Products in the Global Financial System »

Source: Islamic Financial Institutions and Products in the Global Financial System : Key Issues in Risk Management and Challenges Ahead

Volume/Issue: 2002/192

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2002

ISBN: 9781451859775

Keywords: risk management. Islamic Financial Services Board, islamic banks, banking, mudaraba, islamic bank, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation, Comparative Analysis of Economic Systems, Islamic Financial Services Board,

The provision and use of financial services and products that conform to Islamic religious principles pose special challenges for the identification, measurement, monitoring, and control of underlying risks. Effect...

The Impact of Economic Securityon Bank Deposits and Investment1

The Impact of Economic Securityon Bank Deposits and Investment1 »

Source: The Impact of Economic Securityon Bank Deposits and Investment

Volume/Issue: 1998/98

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Fabricius

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1998

ISBN: 9781451852110

Keywords: Economic Security, Institutions, Bank Deposits, institutional variables, correlation, explanatory power, institutional quality, standard deviation

This paper highlights the importance of institutions in explaining the variation of investment rates and of two measures of bank deposits across countries. A general index of economic security is created for 130 co...

Monetary Transmission in Low Income Countries

Monetary Transmission in Low Income Countries »

Source: Monetary Transmission in Low Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2010/223

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Montiel , Antonio Spilimbergo , and Prachi Mishra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2010

ISBN: 9781455208883

Keywords: exchange rate, interest rate, institutions, bank lending, monetary transmission, central bank, government securities, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

This paper reviews monetary transmission mechanisms in low-income countries (LICs) to identify aspects of the channels that may operate differently in LICs relative to advanced and emerging economies. Given the wea...

What Drives the Global Land Rush?

What Drives the Global Land Rush? »

Source: What Drives the Global Land Rush?

Volume/Issue: 2011/251

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Harris Selod , Klaus Deininger , and Rabah Arezki

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2011

ISBN: 9781463923334

Keywords: Land Acquisition, Large-Scale Agriculture, Foreign Investments Agro-Ecological Potential, Land Availability, Land Governance, Property Rights, forest, investors, forest land, forest area

This paper studies the determinants of foreign land acquisition for large-scale agriculture. To do so, gravity models are estimated using data on bilateral investment relationships, together with newly constructed...

How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies?

How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies? »

Source: How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies?

Volume/Issue: 2015/105

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Ian Parry , Louis Sears , and Baoping Shang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 May 2015

ISBN: 9781513532196

Keywords: energy subsidies, efficient taxation, deadweight loss, revenue, subsidies, tax, vehicle, traffic, subsidy, Demand and Supply

This paper provides a comprehensive, updated picture of energy subsidies at the global and regional levels. It focuses on the broad notion of post-tax energy subsidies, which arise when consumer prices are below su...

Natural Gas, Public Investment and Debt Sustainability in Mozambique1

Natural Gas, Public Investment and Debt Sustainability in Mozambique1 »

Source: Natural Gas, Public Investment and Debt Sustainability in Mozambique

Volume/Issue: 2013/261

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Giovanni Melina , and Yi Xiong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2013

ISBN: 9781484326404

Keywords: Debt sustainability, Public investment, DIGNAR Author&;amp;#x2019;s E-Mail, banking, banking crises, banking sector, return on equity, bank runs, General, Exhaustible Resources and Economic Development

Mozambique has great potential in natural gas reserves and if liquefied/commercialized the sum of taxes and other fiscal revenue from natural gas will, at its peak, reach roughly one third of total fiscal revenue....

Measuring Energy Security

Measuring Energy Security »

Source: Measuring Energy Security : Trends in the Diversification of Oil and Natural Gas Supplies

Volume/Issue: 2011/39

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Prakash Loungani , Frederick Joutz , and Gail Cohen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2011

ISBN: 9781455217878

Keywords: Energy Security, Energy Independence, Diversification, OECD Energy Use, gas, natural gas, oil and gas, natural gas supplies, gas supplies, Energy: Demand and Supply

We present evidence on one facet of energy security in OECD economies - the extent of diversification in sources of oil and natural gas supplies. Viewed from the perspective of the energy-importing countries as a w...

Optimal Fiscal Strategy for Oil Exporting Countries

Optimal Fiscal Strategy for Oil Exporting Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2000/118

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rodrigo Valdes , and Eduardo Engel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451854077.001

ISBN: 9781451854077

Keywords: oil exporting countries, stabilization funds, random walk, oil prices, oil production, samples, stationary process

This paper develops simple guidelines for fiscal policy in oil producing countries, focusing on three issues: intergenerational oil distribution, precautionary saving, and adjustment costs. The paper presents a fra...

Issues in Global Natural Gas
			: A Primer and Analysis

Issues in Global Natural Gas : A Primer and Analysis »

Volume/Issue: 2002/40

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bright Okogu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451845983.001

ISBN: 9781451845983

Keywords: LNG, pipeline, gas pricing, economic rent, user cost, transportation constraint, sales and purchase agreement, gas, gas market, gas trade

This paper discusses the rising profile of natural gas in global energy, factors constraining its further development, the gas contracting process, and the absence of a global market, which is analyzed in the conte...