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Chapter 4. Measuring Pollution Damage from Fuel Use

Chapter 4. Measuring Pollution Damage from Fuel Use »

Source: Getting Energy Prices Right : From Principle to Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Ian Parry , Dirk Heine , Eliza Lis , and Shanjun Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2014

ISBN: 9781484388570

Keywords: air pollution, fuel efficiency, natural gas, carbon dioxide, coal

This chapter begins with a brief review of the literature on valuing climate change damage from carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. The heart of the chapter is about measuring damage fr...

11 Are Export Duties Optimal in Developing Countries? Some Supply-Side Considerations

11 Are Export Duties Optimal in Developing Countries? Some Supply-Side Considerations »

Source: Supply-Side Tax Policy : Its Relevance to Developing Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Ved Gandhi , Liam Ebrill , Parthasarathi Shome , Luis Manas Anton , Jitendra Modi , Fernando Sanchez-Ugarte , and George Mackenzie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1987

ISBN: 9780939934911

Keywords: tax evasion, tax incentives, taxation, tax rates, tax system

Export duties play an important role in the revenue structures of developing countries. For these countries, export duties are a useful tool for raising revenue, since compared with their enormous financing...

APPENDICES

APPENDICES »

Source: Supply-Side Tax Policy : Its Relevance to Developing Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Ved Gandhi , Liam Ebrill , Parthasarathi Shome , Luis Manas Anton , Jitendra Modi , Fernando Sanchez-Ugarte , and George Mackenzie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1987

ISBN: 9780939934911

Keywords: tax evasion, tax incentives, taxation, tax rates, tax system

APPENDIX I Statistical Tables Jitendra R. Modi, Somchai Richupan, and Chris Wu Many of the statistical tables included in this Appendix were...

APPENDIX

APPENDIX »

Source: Tax Policy Handbook

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 April 1995

ISBN: 9781557754905

Keywords: taxation, vat, tax system, tax structure, tax systems

Summary Tax Structure Tables, 1975–92 Asegedech Woldemariam The attached tables contain cross-country statistical information...

5 Income Taxes and Investment Some Empirical Relationships for Developing Countries

5 Income Taxes and Investment Some Empirical Relationships for Developing Countries »

Source: Supply-Side Tax Policy : Its Relevance to Developing Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Ved Gandhi , Liam Ebrill , Parthasarathi Shome , Luis Manas Anton , Jitendra Modi , Fernando Sanchez-Ugarte , and George Mackenzie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1987

ISBN: 9780939934911

Keywords: tax evasion, tax incentives, taxation, tax rates, tax system

There has been growing interest in the issue of how supply-side policies might be used to affect the growth rates of developing countries. In particular, it has been suggested that taxes may well be powerful...

1 The International Legal Environment of Exchange Rates

1 The International Legal Environment of Exchange Rates »

Source: Legal Effects of Fluctuating Exchange Rates

Series: Books

Author(s): Joseph Gold

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1990

ISBN: 9781475506921

Keywords: currency, currencies, exchange, exchange rates, exchange rate

Original Articles of IMF and Amendments The Articles of Agreement (Articles) of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the practices of the IMF under that treaty are the principal...

3 Are Labor Supply, Savings, and Investment Price-Sensitive in Developing Countries? A Survey of the Empirical Literature

3 Are Labor Supply, Savings, and Investment Price-Sensitive in Developing Countries? A Survey of the Empirical Literature »

Source: Supply-Side Tax Policy : Its Relevance to Developing Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Ved Gandhi , Liam Ebrill , Parthasarathi Shome , Luis Manas Anton , Jitendra Modi , Fernando Sanchez-Ugarte , and George Mackenzie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1987

ISBN: 9780939934911

Keywords: tax evasion, tax incentives, taxation, tax rates, tax system

This chapter aims to summarize the available empirical estimates of the impact of a number of direct tax instruments on labor supply, investment, and savings in developing countries with a view to determinin...

2 Results of the Uruguay Round

2 Results of the Uruguay Round »

Source: The Uruguay Round and the Arab Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557754974

Keywords: trade in services, international trade, market access, national treatment, round agreement

This chapter describes the principal results of the GATT’s eighth round of negotiations, launched in Punta del Este, Uruguay, in September 1986, and concluded in Mar...

7 Trade in Services, the GATS, and the Arab Countries

7 Trade in Services, the GATS, and the Arab Countries »

Source: The Uruguay Round and the Arab Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557754974

Keywords: trade in services, international trade, market access, national treatment, round agreement

In September 1986, governments embarked on the longest and most ambitious multilateral trade negotiations held under the auspices of the GATT. They concluded the neg...

APPENDIX III A Review of Policies in Fund Programs, 1980–84

APPENDIX III A Review of Policies in Fund Programs, 1980–84 »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Selection of the Sample The Fund approved 117 stand-by programs and 23 extended facilities from January 1980 to December 1984, for 68 countries. Twenty-two countries had programs in...