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IV Public Finances, Adjustment Programs, and Debt Dynamics

IV Public Finances, Adjustment Programs, and Debt Dynamics »

Source: Challenges to the Swedish Welfare State

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Desmond Lachman , Ramana Ramaswamy , J. Green , Robert Hagemann , and Adam Bennett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 1995

ISBN: 9781557754868

Keywords: pension, export prices, unemployment, labor market, recession

Over the past few years, Sweden’s overall public finances deteriorated sharply from a large surplus as late as 1990 to an estimated deficit of 10 ½ percent of GDP in 1994. As discussed below, factors underly...

II Recession and Recovery in the 1990s

II Recession and Recovery in the 1990s »

Source: Challenges to the Swedish Welfare State

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Desmond Lachman , Ramana Ramaswamy , J. Green , Robert Hagemann , and Adam Bennett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 1995

ISBN: 9781557754868

Keywords: pension, export prices, unemployment, labor market, recession

After almost a decade of expansion in the 1980s, the Swedish economy entered into a deep recession beginning in the first quarter of 1990. The cumulative decline in output during this recession, which lasted...

The Nordic Banking Crises

The Nordic Banking Crises »

Source: The Nordic Banking Crises : Pitfalls in Financial Liberalization?

Volume/Issue: 1995/61

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Burkhard Drees , and Ceyla Pazarbasioglu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1995

ISBN: 9781451848113

Keywords: banking, bank lending, financial liberalization, savings bank, financial system

This paper examines the recent banking crises in Finland, Norway and Sweden in an attempt to draw some policy conclusions from their experiences. In all three countries, the timing of deregulation coincided with a...

Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS)
			: In a Nordic Perspective

Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) : In a Nordic Perspective »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

ISBN: 9789289316194

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Capture of CO2, Industrial Processes, Geological Storage, Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage, Climate Context, Specifically Pertaining

Capture of CO2 from industrial processes and geological storage may become a major option to mitigate man-made emissions of CO2. This study aims at providing understanding of the current state of carbon dioxide cap...

Brominated Flame Retardants (BFR) in the Nordic Environment

Brominated Flame Retardants (BFR) in the Nordic Environment »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Hanna Andersson , Anders Borgen , Eva Brorström-Lundén , Mikael Harju , Dorte Herzke , Lennart Kaj , Karin Norström , Mikael Remberger , and Martin Schlabach

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

ISBN: 9789289322218

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Brominated Flame Retardants (BFRs), Environmental Samples, Screening, Chemical Analyses, Non-polybrominated Diphenyl, Detectable Levels

The present report describe the results of screening analyses of the occurrence of "new" brominated flame retardants (BFRs) in environmental samples from the Nordic countries. The aim of the screening was to establ...

Biodiversity, carbon storage and dynamics of old northern forests

Biodiversity, carbon storage and dynamics of old northern forests »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Heleen de Wit , Erik Framstad , Erik Karltun , Markku Larjavaara , Raisa Mäkipää , and Lars Vesterdal

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289325103

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Global Climate System, Nordic Countries, Greenhouse Gas Carbon Dioxide, Complex Ecosystems, Biodiversity, Old Forests

Forests play a key role in the global climate system. The Nordic countries have extensive forests with large and growing tree biomass that captures substantial amounts of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide. Nordic f...

Reducing Climate Impact from Fisheries
			: A Study of Fisheries Management and Fuel Tax Concessions in the Nordic Countries

Reducing Climate Impact from Fisheries : A Study of Fisheries Management and Fuel Tax Concessions in the Nordic Countries »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Nguyen Ngoc Duy , Hans Ellefsen , Ola Flaaten , Jónas Hallgrimsson , Cecilia Hammarlund , Øystein Hermansen , John R. Isaksen , Marko Lindroos , Max Nielsen , Anton Paulrud , Fredrik Salenius , Daniel Schütt , and Staffan Waldo

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327831

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Impact from Human Activities, Global Warming, Marine Ecosystems, Economic Performance, Imposing Management Instruments, Efficient Fleets

Few doubt the impact from human activities on global warming and the negative consequences of rising temperatures for both terrestrial and marine ecosystems. Efficient policy instruments are needed to change the de...

Saltsjöbaden V - Taking international air pollution policies into the future
			: Gothenburg 24-26 June 2013

Saltsjöbaden V - Taking international air pollution policies into the future : Gothenburg 24-26 June 2013 »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Anna Engleryd , Peringe Grennfelt , Ulrika Håård , and John Munthe

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289326421

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Scientists, Air Pollution Science, Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution, European Commission, CLRTAP, Arctic Council

24-26 June 2013, 130 leading international policy makers, scientists, experts and others met at an international workshop in Gothenburg, Sweden, in order to discuss and outline future directions in air pollution sc...

Climate Change and Cultural Heritage in the Nordic Countries

Climate Change and Cultural Heritage in the Nordic Countries »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Anne S. Kaslegard

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

ISBN: 9789289321952

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Climate Change, Cultural Heritage Sites, Cultural Environments, Seven Nordic Countries, Anticipated Effects of Climate Change, Collaboration

The project Effects of Climate Change on Cultural Heritage Sites and Cultural Environments is a collaboration between the cultural heritage administrations of seven Nordic countries: Iceland, Greenland, the Faeroe...

Aspects of strategic climate work in Nordic municipalities
			: NordLead Project Final Report

Aspects of strategic climate work in Nordic municipalities : NordLead Project Final Report »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Kirsi-Marja Lonkila

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9789289324434

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Nordic Municipalities, Climate Change Management, Climate-friendly, Local Climate, Climate Change Work, Commonalities

Nordic municipalities can have a significant impact on creating a more climate-friendly Nordic region. This study gathers valuable information about climate change management in Nordic municipalities and gives a ge...