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Official Debt Reduction: Toronto Terms, Trinidad Terms, and Netherlands Initiative

Official Debt Reduction: Toronto Terms, Trinidad Terms, and Netherlands Initiative »

Source: Policies for African Development : From the 1980s to the 1990s

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1992

ISBN: 9781557752321

Keywords: debt, debt relief, payments, debt service

Francesco Abbate and Anh-Nga Tran-Nguyen * The Setting In 1988, Paris Club creditors introduced the “Toronto terms,” a major policy adv...

CHAPTER 7 Progress Toward External Viability

CHAPTER 7 Progress Toward External Viability »

Source: Economic Adjustment and Reform in Low-Income Countries (ESAF Review Background Papers)

Series: Books

Author(s): Susan Schadler , and Hugh Bredenkamp

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757159

Keywords: inflation, public enterprises, public enterprise, enterprise reform, public enterprise sector

Progress toward external viability is a central objective in ESAF-supported programs. To this end, the programs emphasize macroeconomic policies and structural reforms that are designed to strengthen externa...

A View from the Paris Club

A View from the Paris Club »

Source: Policies for African Development : From the 1980s to the 1990s

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1992

ISBN: 9781557752321

Keywords: debt, debt relief, payments, debt service

The question I would like to broach this morning concerns the Paris Club’ s handling of the debts of African countries, in terms of present status as well as on a more forward-looking level. This, indeed, is...

CHAPTER 4 The Policy Record

CHAPTER 4 The Policy Record »

Source: Economic Adjustment and Reform in Low-Income Countries (ESAF Review Background Papers)

Series: Books

Author(s): Susan Schadler , and Hugh Bredenkamp

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757159

Keywords: inflation, public enterprises, public enterprise, enterprise reform, public enterprise sector

This chapter examines developments in the macroeconomic and structural policies of the ESAF countries during the period under review and takes stock of the progress achieved toward greater macroeconomic stab...

CHAPTER 2 Methodological Issues

CHAPTER 2 Methodological Issues »

Source: Economic Adjustment and Reform in Low-Income Countries (ESAF Review Background Papers)

Series: Books

Author(s): Susan Schadler , and Hugh Bredenkamp

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757159

Keywords: inflation, public enterprises, public enterprise, enterprise reform, public enterprise sector

The extent of progress with respect to the objectives of the ESAF can be assessed from a variety of perspectives. The most commonly used in evaluations of adjustment programs are:...

14 Tax Revenue in Sub-Saharan Africa: Effects of Economic Policies and Corruption

14 Tax Revenue in Sub-Saharan Africa: Effects of Economic Policies and Corruption »

Source: Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance

Series: Books

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and George Abed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061163

Keywords: decentralization, military spending, military, tax revenue, government expenditure

I. Introduction Large fiscal deficits have been a daunting problem for a number of countries in sub-Saharan Africa over the past several years. Rapid expansions in expenditure and de...

CHAPTER 9 The Causes of Program Interruptions

CHAPTER 9 The Causes of Program Interruptions »

Source: Economic Adjustment and Reform in Low-Income Countries (ESAF Review Background Papers)

Series: Books

Author(s): Susan Schadler , and Hugh Bredenkamp

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757159

Keywords: inflation, public enterprises, public enterprise, enterprise reform, public enterprise sector

Adjustment programs are seldom implemented exactly as planned. Slippages, delays, midcourse corrections, and, occasionally, missed targets are in the nature of ambitious reform. Nevertheless, a track record...

7 Debt Relief for Low-Income Countries and the HIPC Debt Initiative

7 Debt Relief for Low-Income Countries and the HIPC Debt Initiative »

Source: External Finance for Low-Income Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 September 1997

ISBN: 9781451957198

Keywords: debt, external debt, creditors, debt relief, debt overhang

Since the onset in the early 1980s of the debt crisis, which affected both middle- and low-income countries, the debt situation of middle-income debtor countries has improved signif...

3 Domestic Lending in Foreign Currency

3 Domestic Lending in Foreign Currency »

Source: Building Strong Banks Through Surveillance and Resolution

Series: Books

Author(s): Charles Enoch , Dewitt Marston , and Michael Taylor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589060432

Keywords: banking, loans, restructuring, debt, asset management

The availability of foreign currency loans to domestic borrowers has expanded as a natural result of increased global liquidity and the liberalization of domestic fi...

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Source: Deepening Structural Reform in Africa : Lessons from East Asia

Series: Books

Author(s): Laura Wallace

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 May 1997

ISBN: 9781557756343

Keywords: structural adjustment, foreign exchange, banking, privatization, central bank

Peter Warutere For the first time in a decade, the real income of individuals in sub-Saharan Africa is growing, mainly as a result of strong GDP growth, which was estimated at 3.5–4...