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Did Botswana Escape from the Resource Curse?

Did Botswana Escape from the Resource Curse? »

Source: Did Botswana Escape from the Resource Curse?

Volume/Issue: 2006/138

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Atsushi Iimi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

ISBN: 9781451863987

Keywords: natural resource, natural resource abundance, natural resource management, middle-income countries, Estimation, Exhaustible Resources and Economic Development,

Botswana is typical of the countries that are endowed with abundant natural resources. Although it is commonly accepted that resource-rich economies tend to fail in accelerating growth, Botswana has experienced the...

From Ambition to Execution

From Ambition to Execution »

Source: From Ambition to Execution : Policies in Support of Sustainable Development Goals

Volume/Issue: 2015/18

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Stefania Fabrizio , Rodrigo Garcia-Verdu , Catherine Pattillo , Adrian Peralta-Alva , Andrea Presbitero , Baoping Shang , Genevieve Verdier , Marie-Therese Camilleri , Kazuaki Washimi , Lisa Kolovich , Monique Newiak , Martin Cihak , Inci Otker , Luis-Felipe Zanna , and Carol Baker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513573304

Keywords: Inclusive growth, Income inequality, Gender, Environmental sustainability, Sustainable development, Fiscal policy, Developing countries, sustainable development goals, growth, structural transformation

The formal launch of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) sets the global development agenda through 2030, placing significant emphasis on promoting social and environmental sustainability alongside economic gr...

Foreign Direct Investment and Structural Reforms

Foreign Direct Investment and Structural Reforms »

Source: Foreign Direct Investment and Structural Reforms : Evidence from Eastern Europe and Latin America

Volume/Issue: 2008/26

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yuko Kinoshita , and Nauro Campos

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2008

ISBN: 9781451868883

Keywords: fdi, financial sector, direct investment

This paper investigates the role of structural reforms -financial reforms, trade liberalization, and privatization- as determinants of FDI inflows based on newly constructed dataset on structural reforms for 19 Lat...

Economic Diversification in the GCC

Economic Diversification in the GCC »

Source: Economic Diversification in the GCC : Past, Present, and Future

Volume/Issue: 2014/12

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Tim Callen , Reda Cherif , Fuad Hasanov , Amgad Hegazy , and Padamja Khandelwal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2014

ISBN: 9781498303231

Keywords: Export diversification, Exports, Bahrain, Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf, Cross country analysis, Economic growth, Oil revenues, Oman, Private sector, Saudi Arabia

Abstract: The economies of the six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries are heavily reliant on oil. Greater economic diversification would reduce their exposure to volatility and uncertainty in the global oil m...

A Primeron Mineral Taxation

A Primeron Mineral Taxation »

Source: A Primeron Mineral Taxation

Volume/Issue: 2001/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Thomas Baunsgaard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

ISBN: 9781451856040

Keywords: mineral tax, mining and petroleum, mineral extraction, rate of return, tax system, fiscal stability, tax rate,

The paper discusses options available to tax mineral extraction projects particularly in developing countries. A desirable government share of the economic rent generated from mineral extraction can be achieved thr...

The Impact of Economic Securityon Bank Deposits and Investment1

The Impact of Economic Securityon Bank Deposits and Investment1 »

Source: The Impact of Economic Securityon Bank Deposits and Investment

Volume/Issue: 1998/98

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Fabricius

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1998

ISBN: 9781451852110

Keywords: Economic Security, Institutions, Bank Deposits, institutional variables, correlation, explanatory power, institutional quality, standard deviation

This paper highlights the importance of institutions in explaining the variation of investment rates and of two measures of bank deposits across countries. A general index of economic security is created for 130 co...

How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies?

How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies? »

Source: How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies?

Volume/Issue: 2015/105

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Ian Parry , Louis Sears , and Baoping Shang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 May 2015

ISBN: 9781513532196

Keywords: energy subsidies, efficient taxation, deadweight loss, revenue, subsidies, tax, vehicle, traffic, subsidy, Demand and Supply

This paper provides a comprehensive, updated picture of energy subsidies at the global and regional levels. It focuses on the broad notion of post-tax energy subsidies, which arise when consumer prices are below su...

Panama: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Panama: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Panama : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2006/3

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 January 2006

ISBN: 9781451830842

Keywords: anti-corruption, public institutions, public sector, institutional reforms

This Selected Issues paper for Panama reports that the administration is developing a strategy to enhance growth and competitiveness in the Panamanian economy. Corruption is perceived as a widespread phenomenon tha...

Dollarization in Latin America

Dollarization in Latin America »

Source: Dollarization in Latin America : Recent Evidence and Some Policy Issues

Volume/Issue: 1996/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Miguel Savastano

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

ISBN: 9781451841992

Keywords: dollarization, foreign currency, inflation, high inflation

This paper examines the pattern of dollarization in Latin America, focusing on the experience of five countries (Argentina, Bolivia, Mexico, Peru and Uruguay) during 1970-1993. It presents evidence on the relative...

The United States and the New Regionalism/ Bilateralism

The United States and the New Regionalism/ Bilateralism »

Source: The United States and the New Regionalism/ Bilateralism

Volume/Issue: 2003/206

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yongzheng Yang , and Alvin Hilaire

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2003

ISBN: 9781451874624

Keywords: integration, regionalism, global trade analysis, trade diversion, global trade, trade agreement, trade arrangements,

Current U.S. trade policy stresses establishing free trade areas (FTAs) with partners spanning the globe. Motivations include enhancing goods and services trade; stimulating investment flows; extending standards on...