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Stabilization Policies and Structural Reforms in Albania Since 1997

Stabilization Policies and Structural Reforms in Albania Since 1997 »

Source: Stabilization Policies and Structural Reforms in Albania Since 1997 : Achievements And Remaining Challenges

Volume/Issue: 2002/2

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Volker Treichel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2002

ISBN: 9781451974508

Keywords: Economic stabilization, Albania, Albania, macroeconomic stabilization, structural reform, deficit, interest, budget, balance of payments, interest rates

This paper assesses the effectiveness of stabilization policies and structural reforms in Albania since 1997 and seeks to identify the remaining key challenges in various policy areas. It also draws lessons for oth...

Recent Activity—International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, International Development Association, and International Finance Corporation

Recent Activity—International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, International Development Association, and International Finance Corporation »

Source: Finance & Development, September 1970

Volume/Issue: 7/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1970

ISBN: 9781616353001

Keywords: human environment, environment, environmental problem, environmental impact

This paper analyzes the impact of economic development on the environment. The paper highlights that the environmental impact of the industrial process includes everything from the effects of withdrawing the inputs...

Technical Cooperation within the Third World

Technical Cooperation within the Third World »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1972

Volume/Issue: 9/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1972

ISBN: 9781616353100

Keywords: pollution, population growth, population problem, demographers, world population

This paper describes what the limits to growth are. The paper highlights that many critical variables in global society-particularly population and industrial production-have been growing at a constant percentage r...

Megacities and the Environment

Megacities and the Environment »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1993

Volume/Issue: 30/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1993

ISBN: 9781451952568

Keywords: monetary policy, inflation, central bank, foreign exchange, monetary fund

SlNCE the dissolution of the Soviet Union, most of the former member states have retained the ruble as their national currency but have followed independent monetary policies. Such a combination is not sustainable....

Foreign Exchange Markets: Structure and Systemic Risks

Foreign Exchange Markets: Structure and Systemic Risks »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1996

Volume/Issue: 33/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

ISBN: 9781451951899

Keywords: environmentally sustainable development, environment, sustainable development, rural development

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Closer to Home: Despite all the talk of globalization, business cycles seem to be becoming more regional

Closer to Home: Despite all the talk of globalization, business cycles seem to be becoming more regional »

Source: Finance and Development, September 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484353653

Keywords: natural resources, natural resource, natural resource management

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

Foreign Banks and the Vienna Initiative

Foreign Banks and the Vienna Initiative »

Source: Foreign Banks and the Vienna Initiative : Turning Sinners Into Saints?

Volume/Issue: 2012/117

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ralph De Haas , Yevgeniya Korniyenko , Alexander Pivovarsky , and Elena Loukoianova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2012

ISBN: 9781475503463

Keywords: Foreign Banks, Vienna Initiative, Financial Crisis, State Support, subsidiaries, banking, bank subsidiaries, capital markets, bank lending

We use data on 1,294 banks in Central and Eastern Europe to analyze how bank ownership and creditor coordination in the form of the Vienna Initiative affected credit growth during the 2008-09 crisis. As part of the...

Raising Resources for IDA: The Eighth Replenishment - Changes in key policies; higher financing

Raising Resources for IDA: The Eighth Replenishment - Changes in key policies; higher financing »

Source: Finance & Development, September 1987

Volume/Issue: 24/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1987

ISBN: 9781616353704

Keywords: environment, trade, environments, development, industrialization

The enhancement of the IMF's structural adjustment facility is discussed. In its April 1987 meeting, the IMF's Interim Committee highlighted the plight of low-income countries, and outlined a strategy for their rec...

Dollarization of the Banking System

Dollarization of the Banking System »

Source: Dollarization of the Banking System : Good or Bad?

Volume/Issue: 2003/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gianni De Nicolo , Patrick Honohan , and Alain Ize

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2003

ISBN: 9781451856668

Keywords: Financial Deepening, Financial Instability, inflation, foreign currency, foreign exchange, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration,

This paper assesses the benefits and risks associated with dollarization of the banking system. We provide novel empirical evidence on the determinants of dollarization, its role in promoting financial development,...

The Fifth General Review of Quotas

The Fifth General Review of Quotas »

Source: Finance & Development, September 1970

Volume/Issue: 7/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1970

ISBN: 9781616353001

Keywords: human environment, environment, environmental problem, environmental impact

This paper analyzes the impact of economic development on the environment. The paper highlights that the environmental impact of the industrial process includes everything from the effects of withdrawing the inputs...