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Rwanda

Rwanda »

Source: Rwanda : Enhanced Initiative for Heavily Indebted Poor Countries-Completion Point Document

Volume/Issue: 2005/173

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 June 2005

ISBN: 9781451833362

Keywords: debt, debt service, external debt, bilateral debt

This paper presents the Completion Point Document for consideration of Rwanda's Enhanced Initiative for Heavily Indebted Poor Countries. The government has maintained the policy of protecting social sector budget a...

Revenue Administration

Revenue Administration »

Source: Revenue Administration : Administering Revenues from Natural Resources - A Short Primer

Volume: 14

Series: Technical Notes and Manuals

Author(s): Andrea Lemgruber

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 June 2014

ISBN: 9781498349673

Keywords: Natural resource taxation, Natural resources, Revenue administration, Tax administration

Many developing countries have significant natural resource endowments, presenting a remarkable opportunity to boost long-term growth. However, this opportunity comes with enormous challenges. To maximize social an...

Islamic Republic of Mauritania: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Islamic Republic of Mauritania: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Islamic Republic of Mauritania : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2006/248

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 July 2006

ISBN: 9781451827576

Keywords: international monetary fund, long ? term, primary deficit

Statistical data and issues are discussed in this paper. Mauritania reached the completion point under the enhanced Initiative for Heavily Indebted Poor Countries. In July 2004, a new economic team took actions to...

Kingdom of the Netherlands—Netherlands: Staff Report for the 2001 Article IV Consultation

Kingdom of the Netherlands—Netherlands: Staff Report for the 2001 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Kingdom of the Netherlands-Netherlands : Staff Report for the 2001 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2001/94

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 July 2001

ISBN: 9781451829358

Keywords: tax rates, tax reform, financial sector, taxes, tax cuts

The strong output growth and labor market performance of recent years reflect both supply-side and demand-side factors. Fiscal restraint has a crucial role to play in containing the risk of further overheating, as...

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending »

Source: Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending : Theory and Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2015/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke , and Constant Lonkeng Ngouana

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2015

ISBN: 9781475580747

Keywords: Energy subsidies, Public social spending, Causality, subsidy, tax, energy subsidy, Cross-Sectional Models, Single Equation Models: Single Variables: Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation, Causality.,

This paper shows that high energy subsidies and low public social spending can emerge as an equilibrium outcome of a political game between the elite and the middle-class when the provision of public goods is subje...

BURUNDI: Joint IMF/World Bank Debt Sustainability Analysis 2011

BURUNDI: Joint IMF/World Bank Debt Sustainability Analysis 2011 »

Source: Burundi : Seventh Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Extended Credit Facility and Request for a New Three-Year Arrangement Under the Extended Credit Facility: Staff Report; Staff Supplement; Press Release on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Burundi.

Volume/Issue: 2012/28

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 February 2012

ISBN: 9781463935825

Keywords: debt, external debt, debt management, central bank

Burundi's economy has continued to grow at a slower pace than envisaged owing to the impact of food and fuel shocks on aggregate demand. The macroeconomic outlook remains broadly positive but subject to risks that...

Revenue Administration Reform in Middle Eastern Countries, 1994-2004

Revenue Administration Reform in Middle Eastern Countries, 1994-2004 »

Source: Revenue Administration Reform in Middle Eastern Countries, 1994-2004

Volume/Issue: 2005/203

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jean-Paul Bodin , and William Joseph Crandall

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2005

ISBN: 9781451862225

Keywords: Revenue, tax, customs, tax administration, tax administration reform, revenue collection,

The paper provides an overview of revenue administration reforms implemented in Middle Eastern and North African countries over the past decade with IMF assistance. Although reforming tax and customs administration...

The Effectiveness of Macroeconomic Commitment in Weak(er) Institutional Environments

The Effectiveness of Macroeconomic Commitment in Weak(er) Institutional Environments »

Source: The Effectiveness of Macroeconomic Commitment in Weak(er) Institutional Environments

Volume/Issue: 2010/193

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marc Quintyn , and Sophia Gollwitzer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2010

ISBN: 9781455205233

Keywords: Macroeconomic Commitment Institutions, Political-Economic Institutions, inflation, central bank, monetary fund, monetary union, The Effectiveness of Macroeconomic Commitment, Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Development, Capitalist Systems: Political Economy, Other Economic Systems: Other

This paper analyzes the institutional conditions affecting the establishment and effectiveness of independent central banks and of budgetary institutions. It draws on the recent theory developed by North, Wallis an...

France

France »

Source: France : 2007 Article IV Consultation: Staff Report; Staff Supplement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for France

Volume/Issue: 2008/75

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 February 2008

ISBN: 9781451813715

Keywords: budget, debt, article, interest, deficit

France's near-term economic outlook is moderately positive, but clouded by risks from the global environment. The government's reformist intentions provide an historic opportunity to place France onto a sustained h...

Russian Federation: Selected Issues

Russian Federation: Selected Issues »

Source: Russian Federation : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2006/430

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 2006

ISBN: 9781451975307

Keywords: revenues, budget, public capital, financial assets, deficit

Russia's large oil and gas reserves play a key role in its economic development. As with many other large oil exporters, Russia's energy wealth is also posing numerous challenges to macroeconomic management. Althou...