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Austria: Staff Report for the 2003 Article IV Consultation

Austria: Staff Report for the 2003 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Austria : Staff Report for the 2003 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2003/372

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 November 2003

ISBN: 9781451802290

Keywords: debt, deficit, pension reform, budget, interest

The Austrian economy performed well, but long-term problems were unaddressed. Austria has weathered the slump well. The government's economic policy priorities and recent achievements have been commendable. Tax ref...

The Impact of Economic Securityon Bank Deposits and Investment1

The Impact of Economic Securityon Bank Deposits and Investment1 »

Source: The Impact of Economic Securityon Bank Deposits and Investment

Volume/Issue: 1998/98

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Fabricius

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1998

ISBN: 9781451852110

Keywords: Economic Security, Institutions, Bank Deposits, institutional variables, correlation, explanatory power, institutional quality, standard deviation

This paper highlights the importance of institutions in explaining the variation of investment rates and of two measures of bank deposits across countries. A general index of economic security is created for 130 co...

How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies?

How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies? »

Source: How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies?

Volume/Issue: 2015/105

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Ian Parry , Louis Sears , and Baoping Shang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 May 2015

ISBN: 9781513532196

Keywords: energy subsidies, efficient taxation, deadweight loss, revenue, subsidies, tax, vehicle, traffic, subsidy, Demand and Supply

This paper provides a comprehensive, updated picture of energy subsidies at the global and regional levels. It focuses on the broad notion of post-tax energy subsidies, which arise when consumer prices are below su...

Malaysia: Selected Issues

Malaysia: Selected Issues »

Source: Malaysia : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2015/59

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 March 2015

ISBN: 9781498345767

Keywords: oil, energy, prices, gas

This Selected Issues paper examines the implications of lower crude oil prices on Malaysia's economy. Although Malaysia's net oil exports are now very small as a share of GDP, its gas exports are sizeable. The pape...

External Debt Management in Low-Income Countries

External Debt Management in Low-Income Countries »

Source: External Debt Management in Low-Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2000/196

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sheku Bangura , Robert Powell , and Damoni Kitabire

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2000

ISBN: 9781451859959

Keywords: external debt management, HIPCs, low-income countries, debt unit, central bank, Low Income Developing Countries,

Improving debt management capacity in Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPCs) is a key element of the international community’s strategy for ensuring a robust and sustained exit from unsustainable debt burde...

A Primeron Mineral Taxation

A Primeron Mineral Taxation »

Source: A Primeron Mineral Taxation

Volume/Issue: 2001/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Thomas Baunsgaard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

ISBN: 9781451856040

Keywords: mineral tax, mining and petroleum, mineral extraction, rate of return, tax system, fiscal stability, tax rate,

The paper discusses options available to tax mineral extraction projects particularly in developing countries. A desirable government share of the economic rent generated from mineral extraction can be achieved thr...

Rwanda

Rwanda »

Source: Rwanda : Enhanced Initiative for Heavily Indebted Poor Countries-Completion Point Document

Volume/Issue: 2005/173

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 June 2005

ISBN: 9781451833362

Keywords: debt, debt service, external debt, bilateral debt

This paper presents the Completion Point Document for consideration of Rwanda's Enhanced Initiative for Heavily Indebted Poor Countries. The government has maintained the policy of protecting social sector budget a...

Institutional Quality and International Trade

Institutional Quality and International Trade »

Source: Institutional Quality and International Trade

Volume/Issue: 2004/231

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrei Levchenko

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2004

ISBN: 9781451875560

Keywords: institutions, incomplete contracts, institutional quality, factor endowments, factor price, trade opening, Neoclassical Models of Trade, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade and Labor Market Interactions,

The quality of institutions-meaning the quality of contract enforcement, property rights, shareholder protection, and the like-has received a great deal of attention in recent years. The purposes of this paper are...

Vietnam

Vietnam »

Source: Vietnam : 2006 Article IV Consultation: Staff Report; Staff Statement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Vietnam

Volume/Issue: 2006/421

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 November 2006

ISBN: 9781451840384

Keywords: debt, budget, deficit, external debt, interest

Overall, macroeconomic performance has remained strong since the conclusion of the last Article IV Consultation. The authorities have introduced market-opening legislation in line with WTO requirements, but state-o...

Cambodia: Staff Report for the 2004 Article IV Consultation

Cambodia: Staff Report for the 2004 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Cambodia : Staff Report for the 2004 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2004/328

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2004

ISBN: 9781451821741

Keywords: debt, budget, public sector, interest, article

Cambodia's 2004 Article IV Consultation reports that the macroeconomic performance has been generally good, reflecting both favorable external developments and prudent fiscal policy. Exports soared following a bila...