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III Trade Liberalization by ESA Countries During the 1990s

III Trade Liberalization by ESA Countries During the 1990s »

Source: Trade and Trade Policies in Eastern and Southern Africa

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557759429

Keywords: trade liberalization, monopoly, trade taxes, export taxes, export performance

Unilateral Liberalization in Goods In the early 1990s, reflecting the inward-looking development policies adopted in previous decades, the trade and exchange regimes of most countrie...

VI Macroeconomic Aspects of Trade Liberalization

VI Macroeconomic Aspects of Trade Liberalization »

Source: Trade and Trade Policies in Eastern and Southern Africa

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557759429

Keywords: trade liberalization, monopoly, trade taxes, export taxes, export performance

This section deals with two questions: whether initial macroeconomic conditions influenced the extent of trade liberalization during the 1990s, and whether trade liberalization was associated in...

IV Regional Integration

IV Regional Integration »

Source: Trade and Trade Policies in Eastern and Southern Africa

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557759429

Keywords: trade liberalization, monopoly, trade taxes, export taxes, export performance

Preferential Liberalization in Goods During the 1990s, in addition to the Cross-Border Initiative, countries in eastern and southern Africa embarked on a number of bilateral and regi...

V The External Environment and Trade Developments

V The External Environment and Trade Developments »

Source: Trade and Trade Policies in Eastern and Southern Africa

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557759429

Keywords: trade liberalization, monopoly, trade taxes, export taxes, export performance

External Environment ESA countries faced changes in their external environment in the 1990s, caused by the increasing trend toward globalization and worldwide trade liberalization, m...

I Overview

I Overview »

Source: Trade and Trade Policies in Eastern and Southern Africa

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557759429

Keywords: trade liberalization, monopoly, trade taxes, export taxes, export performance

Since the early 1990s, many countries in sub-Saharan Africa have made significant progress in opening their economies to external competition through trade and exchange liberalization, often in...

Discussants

Discussants »

Source: Policies for African Development : From the 1980s to the 1990s

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1992

ISBN: 9781557752321

Keywords: debt, debt relief, payments, debt service

Africa’s Adjustment and the External Debt Problem A View of African Adjustment and Development as a Point of Departure Judging by the volume of literat...

Official Debt Reduction: Toronto Terms, Trinidad Terms, and Netherlands Initiative

Official Debt Reduction: Toronto Terms, Trinidad Terms, and Netherlands Initiative »

Source: Policies for African Development : From the 1980s to the 1990s

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1992

ISBN: 9781557752321

Keywords: debt, debt relief, payments, debt service

Francesco Abbate and Anh-Nga Tran-Nguyen * The Setting In 1988, Paris Club creditors introduced the “Toronto terms,” a major policy adv...

Matthew Martin

Matthew Martin »

Source: Policies for African Development : From the 1980s to the 1990s

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1992

ISBN: 9781557752321

Keywords: debt, debt relief, payments, debt service

African central bankers and IMF officials have shared at this symposium a wish to improve the preparation, negotiation, and monitoring of adjustment and external finance. There are two key ways to achieve th...

A View from Africa

A View from Africa »

Source: Policies for African Development : From the 1980s to the 1990s

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1992

ISBN: 9781557752321

Keywords: debt, debt relief, payments, debt service

Economic distortions affecting the balance of payments in the late 1970s, particularly the sharp shift in the terms of trade, spurred an increasing number of African countries to undertake both stabilization...

A View from the IMF

A View from the IMF »

Source: Policies for African Development : From the 1980s to the 1990s

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1992

ISBN: 9781557752321

Keywords: debt, debt relief, payments, debt service

The Context for Adjustment The performance of the African economies in the last two decades, and of sub-Saharan Africa in particular, has been disappointing. 1...