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4. Government Spending, Subsidies, and Economic Efficiency

4. Government Spending, Subsidies, and Economic Efficiency »

Source: The Macroeconomics of the Arab States of the Gulf

Series: Books

Author(s): Raphael Espinoza , Ghada Fayad , and Ananthakrishnan Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 November 2013

ISBN: 9780199683796

Keywords: oil, monetary policy, fiscal policy, expenditure, oil prices

4.1 Introduction The activities of the government have a heightened importance in the Gulf countries because oil revenues accrue to the government and the way they are spent or saved...

9. The Importance of the GCC for the Wider Region

9. The Importance of the GCC for the Wider Region »

Source: The Macroeconomics of the Arab States of the Gulf

Series: Books

Author(s): Raphael Espinoza , Ghada Fayad , and Ananthakrishnan Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 November 2013

ISBN: 9780199683796

Keywords: oil, monetary policy, fiscal policy, expenditure, oil prices

9.1 Economic Openness and Spillovers The book thus far has analyzed the GCC macroeconomic stabilization and longer-term structural challenges. The importance of researching the GCC c...

I. Introduction

I. Introduction »

Source: Financial Systems and Labor Markets in the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 1997

ISBN: 9781557757128

Keywords: labor market, employment, labor force, financial institutions, financial systems

During the 1970s and the early 1980s, the GCC countries made significant progress in financial deepening and in building a modern financial infrastructure. Abundant oil revenue led to the accumulation of siz...

III. Main Challenges Facing the GCC Financial Markets

III. Main Challenges Facing the GCC Financial Markets »

Source: Financial Systems and Labor Markets in the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 1997

ISBN: 9781557757128

Keywords: labor market, employment, labor force, financial institutions, financial systems

A key challenge facing the financial sector in the GCC countries is to respond to the new demands arising from the strengthening of the role of the private sector and the governments’ gradual disengagement f...

V. Concluding Remarks

V. Concluding Remarks »

Source: Financial Systems and Labor Markets in the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 1997

ISBN: 9781557757128

Keywords: labor market, employment, labor force, financial institutions, financial systems

The GCC countries face important challenges of improving economic efficiency; diversifying their economic base, given their excessive reliance on depletable natural resources; and more important, providing i...

Labor Market Challenges and Policies in the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries

Labor Market Challenges and Policies in the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries »

Source: Financial Systems and Labor Markets in the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 1997

ISBN: 9781557757128

Keywords: labor market, employment, labor force, financial institutions, financial systems

Executive Summary • The rapid growth of the GCC economies over the past three decades required large inflows of foreign labor. Expatriate workers currently comprise over one-half of...

I. Introduction

I. Introduction »

Source: Financial Systems and Labor Markets in the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 1997

ISBN: 9781557757128

Keywords: labor market, employment, labor force, financial institutions, financial systems

A distinguishing feature of the GCC countries is the significant proportion of expatriate workers in the labor force and the segmentation of their labor markets. Better educated nationals traditionally have...

V. Labor Market Policies of the GCC Countries in a Regional Context

V. Labor Market Policies of the GCC Countries in a Regional Context »

Source: Financial Systems and Labor Markets in the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 1997

ISBN: 9781557757128

Keywords: labor market, employment, labor force, financial institutions, financial systems

The labor market provides the strongest economic link between the GCC and the other countries in the MENA region; in contrast to sizable flow of workers’ remittances (Chart 2), interregional trade and invest...

VI. Concluding Remarks

VI. Concluding Remarks »

Source: Financial Systems and Labor Markets in the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 1997

ISBN: 9781557757128

Keywords: labor market, employment, labor force, financial institutions, financial systems

Policymakers in the GCC countries have correctly identified labor market issues as one of the key policy challenges—not only in those countries where unemployment is more of an immediate economic and social...

Mideast-Central Asia: Strong Growth Outlook Tempered by Rising Inflation

Mideast-Central Asia: Strong Growth Outlook Tempered by Rising Inflation »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 36 Issue 14

Volume/Issue: 36/14

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2007

ISBN: 9781451938630

Keywords: oil prices, oil demand, spot price, organization of petroleum exporting countries, crude prices

Rising Energy Costs, Liberia to get debt relief, Climate Change, World Economic Outlook, European Economic Outlook, Latin American Economic Outlook, Mideast-Central Asia Economic Outlook, Technical Assistance, Rese...