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Chapter 10. Inequality and Unsustainable Growth: Two Sides of the Same Coin?

Chapter 10. Inequality and Unsustainable Growth: Two Sides of the Same Coin? »

Source: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Catherine Pattillo , Marc Quintyn , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353797

Keywords: hedging, fiscal policy, inflation, terms of trade, food prices

Introduction In the long term, sustained growth is central to poverty reduction. The rapid growth seen in much of the world over the past few decades—notably, but not only, in China...

Chapter 4. Fiscal Policy Formulation

Chapter 4. Fiscal Policy Formulation »

Source: Lifting the Oil Curse : Improving Petroleum Revenue Management in Sub-Saharan Africa

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Harinder Malothra , Milan Cuc , Ulrich Bartsch , and Menachem Katz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 2004

ISBN: 9781589063174

Keywords: fiscal policy, oil sector, oil companies, exchange rate, oil prices

A. Background Discussion While it may not be possible to identify an “optimal” fiscal policy for oil countries in general, the discussions in the previous section provide important i...

Chapter 18. The Role of Transparency and Civil Society in Managing Commodities for Inclusive Growth and Development

Chapter 18. The Role of Transparency and Civil Society in Managing Commodities for Inclusive Growth and Development »

Source: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Catherine Pattillo , Marc Quintyn , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353797

Keywords: hedging, fiscal policy, inflation, terms of trade, food prices

Introduction In 2008, aid flow to sub-Saharan Africa reached US$36 billion per year. Natural resource rents, by contrast, stood at US$240 billion. Over three-quarters of Africa’s sub...

Essays on Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth

Essays on Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth »

Source: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Catherine Pattillo , Marc Quintyn , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353797

Keywords: hedging, fiscal policy, inflation, terms of trade, food prices

Josette Sheeran We all remember 2008, when global food and fuel prices went through the roof, when we saw food riots in 35 countries, and when more than 115 million were added to the...

Chapter 6. Exchange Rate Regimes and Competitiveness

Chapter 6. Exchange Rate Regimes and Competitiveness »

Source: Lifting the Oil Curse : Improving Petroleum Revenue Management in Sub-Saharan Africa

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Harinder Malothra , Milan Cuc , Ulrich Bartsch , and Menachem Katz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 2004

ISBN: 9781589063174

Keywords: fiscal policy, oil sector, oil companies, exchange rate, oil prices

Background Discussion Oil-exporting countries have used a variety of exchange rate arrangements, as shown in Figure 9. At the end of 2001, about 18 of the 29 oil-producing IMF member...

Chapter 3. The Political Economy of Petroleum Wealth in Low-Income Countries: Some Policy Alternatives

Chapter 3. The Political Economy of Petroleum Wealth in Low-Income Countries: Some Policy Alternatives »

Source: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Catherine Pattillo , Marc Quintyn , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353797

Keywords: hedging, fiscal policy, inflation, terms of trade, food prices

Introduction The problems created by abundant mineral wealth—commonly referred to as the natural resource curse—are mostly political, not economic. If low-income countries were gover...

Understanding the Investment Climate

Understanding the Investment Climate »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2005

Volume/Issue: 42/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2005

ISBN: 9781451953909

Keywords: trading system, global trading, freer trade, press, facsimile

This paper highlights that the current round of trade talks under the auspices of the World Trade Organization aims at better integrating developing countries-especially the small and poor ones-into the global trad...

Reversing Pollution Trends in Asia

Reversing Pollution Trends in Asia »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1994

Volume/Issue: 31/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1994

ISBN: 9781451952599

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rates, overvalued exchange rates, terms of trade, nontariff barriers

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

The New Global Environment Facility

The New Global Environment Facility »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1994

Volume/Issue: 31/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1994

ISBN: 9781451952599

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rates, overvalued exchange rates, terms of trade, nontariff barriers

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

II The Setting for Adjustment: Initial Positions and Global Environment

II The Setting for Adjustment: Initial Positions and Global Environment »

Source: IMF Conditionality : Experience Under Stand-by and Extended Arrangements, Part I: Key Issues and Findings

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Louis Dicks-Mireaux , Miguel Savastano , Adam Bennett , María Carkovic S. , Mauro Mecagni , James John , and Susan Schadler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557754929

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, capital inflows, exchange rate, real interest rates

Almost without exception, the initial positions of the countries under review were dire. Most were suffering the effects of long-standing institutional and structural weaknesses, fiscal excesses, and deficie...