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Institutional Quality and International Trade

Institutional Quality and International Trade »

Source: Institutional Quality and International Trade

Volume/Issue: 2004/231

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrei Levchenko

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2004

ISBN: 9781451875560

Keywords: institutions, incomplete contracts, institutional quality, factor endowments, factor price, trade opening, Neoclassical Models of Trade, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade and Labor Market Interactions,

The quality of institutions-meaning the quality of contract enforcement, property rights, shareholder protection, and the like-has received a great deal of attention in recent years. The purposes of this paper are...

Malta

Malta »

Source: Malta : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 1999/72

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 August 1999

ISBN: 9781451826593

Keywords: indirect taxes, import duties, tax system, import taxes, excise tax

This Selected Issues paper and Statistical Appendix analyzes the fiscal and structural issues affecting Malta's economic performance, specifically the public enterprises and the tax system. The paper focuses on exc...

Germany

Germany »

Source: Germany : Detailed Assessment Report on Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism

Volume/Issue: 2010/78

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451981810

Keywords: law enforcement, money laundering, legal assistance, professional secrecy, competent authorities

This Detailed Assessment Report reviews antimoney laundering and combating the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT) measures for Germany. The report reveals that Germany has introduced a number of measures in recent ye...

Iceland

Iceland »

Source: Iceland : Advancing Tax Reform and the Taxation of Natural Resources

Volume/Issue: 2011/138

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 2011

ISBN: 9781455272518

Keywords: taxes, interest, debt, property tax, payments

This study focused on environmental tax measures, and on allocation, pricing, and taxation of Iceland's major hydropower and geothermal resources. Measures to secure the tax base for the corporate income tax (CIT)...

Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan »

Source: Turkmenistan : Background Paper and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 1995/27

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 1995

ISBN: 9781451837209

Keywords: gas, wage, minimum wage, wages

This Background Paper and Statistical Appendix for Turkmenistan examines the developments since November 1993, when the manat was introduced as the national currency. Developments in the real sector and systemic re...

Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan »

Source: Turkmenistan : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1996/30

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 May 1996

ISBN: 9781451837216

Keywords: gas, minimum wage, interest rates, benefits, pollution

This paper reviews economic developments in Turkmenistan during 1992-96. There was a general strengthening of centralized controls during 1993-95 to protect international reserves. Monetary and exchange rate polici...

Romania

Romania »

Source: Romania : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1997/46

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 July 1997

ISBN: 9781451832686

Keywords: pos, prices, credit, payments, shares

This paper reviews economic developments in Romania during 1990-97. Reforms have been relatively slow since the beginning of the transition process. Except for a brief and inconsequential interlude in 1993, compreh...

Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan »

Source: Turkmenistan : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1998/81

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 1998

ISBN: 9781451837230

Keywords: gas, foreign exchange, banking, banking system, interest rates

This paper reviews economic developments in Turkmenistan during 1994-98. Turkmenistan reduced gas exports and suffered a decline in real GDP of close to 40 percent during 1993-95. At the same time, it stepped up fo...

Turkey

Turkey »

Source: Turkey : 2002 Article IV Consultation and First Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement-Staff Report; Staff Statement; Public Information Notice and News Brief on the Executive Board Discussion

Volume/Issue: 2002/137

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 July 2002

ISBN: 9781451838107

Keywords: debt, public sector, interest, budget, central bank

This paper examines Turkey's 2002 Article IV Consultation and First Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement (SBA). In response to September 11, the Turkish government initiated a new intensified IMF-supported program...

Central America: Economic Progress and Reforms

Central America: Economic Progress and Reforms »

Source: Central America : Economic Progress and Reforms

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Dominique Desruelle , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2008

ISBN: 9781589067653

Keywords: customs, social spending, common, customs union, capital markets

Central America has made substantial progress in recent years in moving economic reforms forward and deepening regional and global integration. As result of these efforts, the region has experienced higher growth,...