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II The Setting for Adjustment: Initial Positions and Global Environment

II The Setting for Adjustment: Initial Positions and Global Environment »

Source: IMF Conditionality : Experience Under Stand-by and Extended Arrangements, Part I: Key Issues and Findings

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Louis Dicks-Mireaux , Miguel Savastano , Adam Bennett , María Carkovic S. , Mauro Mecagni , James John , and Susan Schadler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557754929

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, capital inflows, exchange rate, real interest rates

Almost without exception, the initial positions of the countries under review were dire. Most were suffering the effects of long-standing institutional and structural weaknesses, fiscal excesses, and deficie...

Appendix VII. Executive Directors and Voting Power on April 30, 1999

Appendix VII. Executive Directors and Voting Power on April 30, 1999 »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1999

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 1999

ISBN: 9781451945232

Keywords: interest, debt, payments, loans, external debt

DirectorAlternate CastingVotes of Votes byCountry TotalVotes...

Chapter V.4 Telecommunications

Chapter V.4 Telecommunications »

Source: A Study of the Soviet Economy. 3-volume set : 3-Volume Set

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1991

ISBN: 9789264134683

Keywords: prices, payments, credit, interest, wage

1. INTRODUCTION Until quite recently, there was little appreciation in the USSR of the economic significance of telecommunications. Its development was strictly controlled by the sta...

Main Developments in the World Economy

Main Developments in the World Economy »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1996

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755940

Keywords: inflation, current account, central bank, monetary policy, balance of payments

World economic growth moderated slightly in 1995, to 3½ percent—marginally below its long-term trend rate, but above growth rates during the 1990–93 global slowdown (Chart 1). The minor change in global aver...

Appendix VIII. Changes in Membership of the Executive Board

Appendix VIII. Changes in Membership of the Executive Board »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1999

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 1999

ISBN: 9781451945232

Keywords: interest, debt, payments, loans, external debt

Changes in membership of the Executive Board between May 1, 1998 and April 30, 1999 were as follows: Han Mingzhi (China) relinquished his duties as Alternate Executive Director to Zhang Zhixiang (Ch...

Part VII Bibliography

Part VII Bibliography »

Source: A Study of the Soviet Economy. 3-volume set : 3-Volume Set

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1991

ISBN: 9789264134683

Keywords: prices, payments, credit, interest, wage

Bibliography BOOKS AND MONOGRAPHS Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Institute for Economics and Forecast...

Appendix II. Financial Operations and Transactions

Appendix II. Financial Operations and Transactions »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1999

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 1999

ISBN: 9781451945232

Keywords: interest, debt, payments, loans, external debt

The tables in this appendix supplement the information given in Chapter 10 on the IMF’s financial operations and policies. Table II.1 Arrangemen...

Chapter III.4 The Exchange and Trade Systems

Chapter III.4 The Exchange and Trade Systems »

Source: A Study of the Soviet Economy. 3-volume set : 3-Volume Set

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1991

ISBN: 9789264134683

Keywords: prices, payments, credit, interest, wage

1. INTRODUCTION AND OUTLOOK 1 The exchange and trade system has continued to be largely shaped by central planning. Most trade and capi...

Chapter II.2 Economic Developments And Reform Since 1985

Chapter II.2 Economic Developments And Reform Since 1985 »

Source: A Study of the Soviet Economy. 3-volume set : 3-Volume Set

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1991

ISBN: 9789264134683

Keywords: prices, payments, credit, interest, wage

Numerous steps had been taken by the authorities in the early 1980s to raise productivity, including measures to strengthen labor discipline, tighten surveillance of output quality, improve enterprise reward...

Chapter II.3 The New Reform Effort

Chapter II.3 The New Reform Effort »

Source: A Study of the Soviet Economy. 3-volume set : 3-Volume Set

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1991

ISBN: 9789264134683

Keywords: prices, payments, credit, interest, wage

1. THE REFORM DEBATE The deterioration of Soviet economic performance during the late 1980s, continuing at an accelerating rate into 1990, pointed clearly to the inadequacies of the...