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Namibia

Namibia »

Source: Namibia : Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation.

Volume/Issue: 2012/41

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 February 2012

ISBN: 9781463939755

Keywords: public debt, current account, fiscal stance, public spending

Namibia's government has launched a major three-year fiscal initiative in 2011 aimed at increasing growth and employment. Public debt is rising rapidly, from a low base. The authorities intend to unwind the fiscal...

Economic development and the environment: How the Bank balances development goals with environmental concerns

Economic development and the environment: How the Bank balances development goals with environmental concerns »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1986

Volume/Issue: 23/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1986

ISBN: 9781616353674

Keywords: debt, conditionality, adjustment lending, loans, debt forgiveness

This paper describes the World Bank's mission in a changing world. Conditionality of the Bank is different in several ways as it operates over a longer timeframe and relates to the more comfortable issues of econom...

The Kingdom of Swaziland

The Kingdom of Swaziland »

Source: The Kingdom of Swaziland : Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2006/109

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 March 2006

ISBN: 9781451836110

Keywords: central bank, taxable income, interest payments

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Climate and Economic Development: Is the location of many developing countries in the tropics a cause of their poverty?

Climate and Economic Development: Is the location of many developing countries in the tropics a cause of their poverty? »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1973

Volume/Issue: 10/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1973

ISBN: 9781616353124

Keywords: economic development, temperate zone, soils, tropical soils, tropical areas

This paper reviews the influence of the tropical climate on economic development. The paper highlights that the effect of climate is clearly not the only ruling constraint on economic development. It is claimed tha...

What Does It Really Mean? Fund Quotas

What Does It Really Mean? Fund Quotas »

Source: Finance & Development, September 1970

Volume/Issue: 7/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1970

ISBN: 9781616353001

Keywords: human environment, environment, environmental problem, environmental impact

This paper analyzes the impact of economic development on the environment. The paper highlights that the environmental impact of the industrial process includes everything from the effects of withdrawing the inputs...

Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa

Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa »

Source: Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa : Past Performance and the Way Forward

Volume/Issue: 2005/36

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yongzheng Yang , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2005

ISBN: 9781451860559

Keywords: Regional Trade Arrangements, regional integration, regional trade, trade liberalization, intraregional trade, Simulation Methods, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: Forecasting and Simulation,

Regional trade arrangements (RTAs) in Africa have been ineffective in promoting trade and foreign direct investment. Relatively high external trade barriers and low resource complementarity between member countries...

Investing in Public Investment

Investing in Public Investment »

Source: Investing in Public Investment : An Index of Public Investment Efficiency

Volume/Issue: 2011/37

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zac Mills , Annette Kyobe , Jim Brumby , Chris Papageorgiou , and Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2011

ISBN: 9781455217892

Keywords: public investment management, project appraisal, selection, implementation, and evaluation, growth, investment management, budget institutions, investment projects, investment spending

This paper introduces a new index that captures the institutional environment underpinning public investment management across four different stages: project appraisal, selection, implementation, and evaluation. Co...

Relative Price Stability, Creditor Rights, and Financial Deepening

Relative Price Stability, Creditor Rights, and Financial Deepening »

Source: Relative Price Stability, Creditor Rights, and Financial Deepening

Volume/Issue: 2007/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pablo Druck , Alexander Plekhanov , and Mario Dehesa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

ISBN: 9781451867039

Keywords: Private credit, creditor rights, volatility, relative price, relative price variability, high inflation, price stability,

The paper provides a theoretical and cross-country empirical analysis of the determinants of financial deepening, and finds that higher credit-to-GDP ratios are associated with stronger creditor rights and lower in...

Revenue Administration

Revenue Administration »

Source: Revenue Administration : Administering Revenues from Natural Resources - A Short Primer

Volume: 14

Series: Technical Notes and Manuals

Author(s): Andrea Lemgruber

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 June 2014

ISBN: 9781498349673

Keywords: Natural resource taxation, Natural resources, Revenue administration, Tax administration

Many developing countries have significant natural resource endowments, presenting a remarkable opportunity to boost long-term growth. However, this opportunity comes with enormous challenges. To maximize social an...

A Debt Overhang Model for Low-Income Countries

A Debt Overhang Model for Low-Income Countries »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 55, No. 4

Volume: 55

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589067257

Keywords: copper, nickel, zinc, lead, tin, Super Cycles in Real Metals Prices?,

In this issue, John T. Cuddington and Daniel Jerrett from the Colorado School of Mines examine whether metals prices are in a "super cycle" upswing driven by intensive economic growth in China, in particular. Using...