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A View from Africa

A View from Africa »

Source: Policies for African Development : From the 1980s to the 1990s

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1992

ISBN: 9781557752321

Keywords: debt, debt relief, payments, debt service

Economic distortions affecting the balance of payments in the late 1970s, particularly the sharp shift in the terms of trade, spurred an increasing number of African countries to undertake both stabilization...

A View from the IMF

A View from the IMF »

Source: Policies for African Development : From the 1980s to the 1990s

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1992

ISBN: 9781557752321

Keywords: debt, debt relief, payments, debt service

The Context for Adjustment The performance of the African economies in the last two decades, and of sub-Saharan Africa in particular, has been disappointing. 1...

4 Analytical Aspects of the Debt in Problems of Heavily Indebted Poor Countries

4 Analytical Aspects of the Debt in Problems of Heavily Indebted Poor Countries »

Source: External Finance for Low-Income Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 September 1997

ISBN: 9781451957198

Keywords: debt, external debt, creditors, debt relief, debt overhang

After a difficult period following the onset of the debt crisis in 1982, the debt situation of most middle-income debtor countries has improved substantially. However, a group of low-income countries, most o...

9 Sustainable Poverty Reduction

9 Sustainable Poverty Reduction »

Source: Fifty Years After Bretton Woods : The Future of the IMF and the World Bank: Proceedings of a Conference held in Madrid, Spain, September 29-30, 1994

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 April 1995

ISBN: 9781557754875

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, structural adjustment, world economy, adjustment programs

Musalia Mudavadi The Bretton Woods conference of 1944 focused on the problems to be encountered in postwar reconstruction, including projects for development and rehabilitation, as w...

Chapter III.4 The Exchange and Trade Systems

Chapter III.4 The Exchange and Trade Systems »

Source: A Study of the Soviet Economy. 3-volume set : 3-Volume Set

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1991

ISBN: 9789264134683

Keywords: prices, payments, credit, interest, wage

1. INTRODUCTION AND OUTLOOK 1 The exchange and trade system has continued to be largely shaped by central planning. Most trade and capi...

12 Corruption and Military Spending

12 Corruption and Military Spending »

Source: Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance

Series: Books

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and George Abed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061163

Keywords: decentralization, military spending, military, tax revenue, government expenditure

1. Introduction In recent years, increasing attention has been devoted to understanding the reasons for, and economic consequences of, corruption. The existing literature can be divi...

13 Fiscal Decentralization and Governance: A Cross-Country Analysis

13 Fiscal Decentralization and Governance: A Cross-Country Analysis »

Source: Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance

Series: Books

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and George Abed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061163

Keywords: decentralization, military spending, military, tax revenue, government expenditure

I. Introduction Strengthening governance—the institutions by which a country exercises authority and manages its public resources—has been a key objective of most economic reform pro...

CHAPTER 10 How Can Commodity Exporters Make Fiscal and Monetary Policy Less Procyclical?

CHAPTER 10 How Can Commodity Exporters Make Fiscal and Monetary Policy Less Procyclical? »

Source: Beyond the Curse : Policies to Harness the Power of Natural Resources

Series: Books

Author(s): Amadou Sy , Rabah Arezki , and Thorvaldur Gylfason

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616351458

Keywords: natural resource, copper, inflation, commodity prices

THE PROBLEM OF PROCYCLICALITY Countries dependent on exports of oil, minerals, and other primary commodities tend to have pronounced economic cycles. Although this cyclical variabili...

CHAPTER 5 Economic Growth: What Has Been Achieved and How?

CHAPTER 5 Economic Growth: What Has Been Achieved and How? »

Source: Economic Adjustment and Reform in Low-Income Countries (ESAF Review Background Papers)

Series: Books

Author(s): Susan Schadler , and Hugh Bredenkamp

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757159

Keywords: inflation, public enterprises, public enterprise, enterprise reform, public enterprise sector

The promotion of sustainable economic growth is one of the principal objectives of ESAF-supported programs. This chapter examines the pattern of growth in ESAF countries over the past 10–15 years, drawing co...

CHAPTER 7 Progress Toward External Viability

CHAPTER 7 Progress Toward External Viability »

Source: Economic Adjustment and Reform in Low-Income Countries (ESAF Review Background Papers)

Series: Books

Author(s): Susan Schadler , and Hugh Bredenkamp

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757159

Keywords: inflation, public enterprises, public enterprise, enterprise reform, public enterprise sector

Progress toward external viability is a central objective in ESAF-supported programs. To this end, the programs emphasize macroeconomic policies and structural reforms that are designed to strengthen externa...