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World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

Asymmetric Information and the Market Structure of the Banking Industry

Asymmetric Information and the Market Structure of the Banking Industry »

Source: Asymmetric Information and the Market Structure of the Banking Industry

Volume/Issue: 1998/92

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Giovanni Dell'Ariccia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1998

ISBN: 9781451951547

Keywords: Loan Market, Barriers to Entry, Spatial Competition, competition, banking, banking industry, barrier to entry, mergers

The paper analyzes the effects of informational asymmetries on the market structure of the banking industry in a multi-period model of spatial competition. All lenders face uncertainty with regard to borrowers&#x20...

Public Policy and the Enviroment

Public Policy and the Enviroment »

Source: Public Policy and the Enviroment : Survey of the Literature

Volume/Issue: 1990/56

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1990

ISBN: 9781451968057

Keywords: environmental degradation, pollution, environment, environmental protection, environmental problems

This paper notes that market failure, policy failures, and population pressures are major sources of environmental degradation and that linkages between economic activities and the environment exist at the levels o...

Do Fiscal Spillovers Matter?

Do Fiscal Spillovers Matter? »

Source: Do Fiscal Spillovers Matter?

Volume/Issue: 2011/211

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sebastian Weber , and Anna Ivanova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2011

ISBN: 9781463902315

Keywords: coordinated fiscal exit, fiscal changes, fiscal consolidation, fiscal measure, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance, Macroeconomic - Aspects Of Public Finance, Macroeconomic Policy, And General Outlook, general Aggregative Models,

The paper assesses the impact of fiscal spillovers on growth in the context of a coordinated exit from crisis management policies. We find that despite potentially sizeable domestic effects from consolidation, aggr...

Overcoming Agricultural Water Pollution in the European Union

Overcoming Agricultural Water Pollution in the European Union »

Source: Finance & Development, September 1996

Volume/Issue: 33/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

ISBN: 9781451952230

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, public spending, government expenditure

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Euro-Area Banking At the Crossroads

Euro-Area Banking At the Crossroads »

Source: Euro-Area Banking At the Crossroads

Volume/Issue: 2001/28

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Agnes Belaisch , Joaquim Levy , Laura Kodres , and Angel Ubide

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2001

ISBN: 9781451844665

Keywords: Banking mergers, too big too fail, banking, banking system, banking sector, financial stability, financial institutions, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation,

This paper analyses the process of disintermediation, the progress in consolidation, the impact of new technologies, and the role of ownership and control structures for the euro area banking sector. The impact of...

A Status Update on Fiscal Exit Strategies

A Status Update on Fiscal Exit Strategies »

Source: A Status Update on Fiscal Exit Strategies

Volume/Issue: 2010/272

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2010

ISBN: 9781455210794

Keywords: pension, retirement, health care, retirement age, Structure and Scope of Government: Other, Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue: General, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General, National Deficit Surplus

With a modest recovery in the global economy underway, and amid rising concerns about the sharp increase in government debt in several countries, debate has increasingly focused on the need to identify and implemen...

Global Liquidity and Asset Prices

Global Liquidity and Asset Prices »

Source: Global Liquidity and Asset Prices : Measurement, Implications, and Spillovers

Volume/Issue: 1999/168

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Klaas Baks , and Charles Kramer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1999

ISBN: 9781451858242

Keywords: Liquidity, money growth, international spillovers, monetary policy, real interest rates, monetary aggregates

Much recent commentary suggests that global liquidity has influenced financial conditions in the major international markets to an important degree, and that excess liquidity in one financial center can influence f...

Indirect Taxes on International Aviation

Indirect Taxes on International Aviation »

Source: Indirect Taxes on International Aviation

Volume/Issue: 2006/124

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jon Strand , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2006

ISBN: 9781451863840

Keywords: aviation taxes, aviation fuel, fuel tax, airlines, airline, air transport, Air Transportation,

This paper examines the case for internationally coordinated indirect taxes on aviation (as a source of general revenue-not (necessarily) as a source of development finance). The case for such taxes is strong: the...

Dealing with Increased Risk of Natural Disasters

Dealing with Increased Risk of Natural Disasters »

Source: Dealing with Increased Risk of Natural Disasters : Challenges and Options

Volume/Issue: 2003/197

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Keen , Paul Freeman , and Muthukumara Mani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2003

ISBN: 9781451860030

Keywords: Natural Disasters, Climate Change, Urbanization, disaster, disasters, hurricane, disaster risk, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General, Economic Development: General, Natural Disaster,

Natural disaster risk is emerging as an increasingly important constraint on economic development and poverty reduction. This paper first sets out the key stylized facts in the area-that the costs of disaster have...

Coordinating Climate and Trade Policies

Coordinating Climate and Trade Policies »

Source: Coordinating Climate and Trade Policies : Pareto Efficiency and the Role of Border Tax Adjustments

Volume/Issue: 2012/289

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Keen , and Christos Kotsogiannis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 December 2012

ISBN: 9781475552942

Keywords: Environmental taxation, cap-and-trade, Pareto efficiency, border tax adjustments, carbon taxes, border tax, trade policies, trade taxes, Trade and Environment, General,

This paper explores the role of trade instruments in globally efficient climate policies, focusing on the central issue of whether some form of border tax adjustment (BTA) is warranted when carbon prices differ int...