Search Results

You are looking at 41 - 50 of 442 items :

Clear All
Risk Instability and the Pattern of Foreign Direct Investment in the Middle East and North Africa Region

Risk Instability and the Pattern of Foreign Direct Investment in the Middle East and North Africa Region »

Source: Risk Instability and the Pattern of Foreign Direct Investment in the Middle East and North Africa Region

Volume/Issue: 2004/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2004

ISBN: 9781451856071

Keywords: Multinational firms, MENA countries, fdi, investment risk, direct investment

This paper demonstrates that instability associated with investment risk is critical in explaining the level of foreign direct investment for the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries, which generally have...

Public Debt and Fiscal Vulnerability in the Middle East

Public Debt and Fiscal Vulnerability in the Middle East »

Source: Public Debt and Fiscal Vulnerability in the Middle East

Volume/Issue: 2007/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ludvig Söderling , Hanan Morsy , Martin Petri , Martin Hommes , Manal Fouad , and Wojciech Maliszewski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2007

ISBN: 9781451865769

Keywords: oil producers, oil producing countries, oil producing, oil prices

Public debt in the Middle East increased during the mid-1990s mainly because of fiscal expansions. It decreased in recent years, thanks to high oil revenue, economic growth, some primary non-oil fiscal adjustment,...

Trinidad and Tobago

Trinidad and Tobago »

Source: Trinidad and Tobago : Selected Issues, Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 1999/67

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 July 1999

ISBN: 9781451837599

Keywords: gas, lng, natural gas, million tons per annum, ammonia

This Selected Issues paper and Statistical Appendix reviews developments in the energy sector of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago during 1997-99, and assesses the outlook for energy-related industries. The paper...

Malaysia: Selected Issues

Malaysia: Selected Issues »

Source: Malaysia : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2015/59

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 March 2015

ISBN: 9781498345767

Keywords: oil, energy, prices, gas

This Selected Issues paper examines the implications of lower crude oil prices on Malaysia's economy. Although Malaysia's net oil exports are now very small as a share of GDP, its gas exports are sizeable. The pape...

Exchange Rate Assessment for Oil Exporters

Exchange Rate Assessment for Oil Exporters »

Source: Exchange Rate Assessment for Oil Exporters

Volume/Issue: 2009/81

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Klaus-Stefan Enders

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2009

ISBN: 9781451872286

Keywords: Exchange rate, current account, real exchange, government spending, real exchange rate,

While the underlying methodologies continue to be widely debated and refined, there is little consensus on how to assess the equilibrium exchange rate of economies dominated by production of finite natural resource...

Mexico: Selected Issues

Mexico: Selected Issues »

Source: Mexico : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/320

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 November 2014

ISBN: 9781498395434

Keywords: gas, energy, natural gas, oil, electricity

This Selected Issues paper analyzes the impact of Mexico's energy reform on hydrocarbons production. These reforms aim to increase oil and gas production by eliminating the state oil company's (PEMEX) monopoly on e...

Islamic Republic of Iran

Islamic Republic of Iran »

Source: Islamic Republic of Iran : Selected Issues Paper

Volume/Issue: 2010/76

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451981803

Keywords: electricity, energy policy, energy efficiency, electricity production, petroleum products

This Selected Issues paper discusses the economics of energy price reform in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Economic policies in Iran have traditionally relied on the abundant availability of energy at a low price t...

Republic of Kazakhstan: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Republic of Kazakhstan: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Republic of Kazakhstan : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2002/64

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 March 2002

ISBN: 9781451820850

Keywords: petroleum exports, petroleum production, pipeline system, petroleum sector, pipeline capacity, Fiscal Affairs, Fiscal Affairs, Fiscal Affairs, Fiscal Affairs,

This Selected Issues paper presents a brief overview of developments and prospects for the petroleum sector of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The paper conducts a comprehensive assessment of fiscal vulnerability, fisc...

A Primeron Mineral Taxation

A Primeron Mineral Taxation »

Source: A Primeron Mineral Taxation

Volume/Issue: 2001/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Thomas Baunsgaard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

ISBN: 9781451856040

Keywords: mineral tax, mining and petroleum, mineral extraction, rate of return, tax system, fiscal stability, tax rate,

The paper discusses options available to tax mineral extraction projects particularly in developing countries. A desirable government share of the economic rent generated from mineral extraction can be achieved thr...

United Arab Emirates

United Arab Emirates »

Source: United Arab Emirates : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1998/134

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 January 1999

ISBN: 9781451801071

Keywords: crude oil, oil sector, natural gas, lng, oil exports

This paper reviews economic developments in the United Arab Emirates during 1995-98. Real GDP growth accelerated from about 5 percent in 1994 to 8.1 percent in 1995 and to 10.1 percent in 1996. However, 1997 saw a...