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19 Improving Governance and Fighting Corruption in the Baltic and CIS Countries: The Role of the IMF

19 Improving Governance and Fighting Corruption in the Baltic and CIS Countries: The Role of the IMF »

Source: Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance

Series: Books

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and George Abed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061163

Keywords: decentralization, military spending, military, tax revenue, government expenditure

I. Introduction Among all the transition economies, perhaps nowhere has the need to improve governance and reduce corruption been more evident than in the 15 independent states that...

1. Economic Development of the Arab Countries: The Basic Issues

1. Economic Development of the Arab Countries: The Basic Issues »

Source: Economic Development of the Arab Countries : Selected Issues

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1993

ISBN: 9781557753328

Keywords: fdi, balance of payments, foreign investors, natural resources

The prospects for Arab economic development in the nineties is a highly complex subject that does not easily lend itself to generalizations valid for all countries....

8. European Economic Integration and the Arab Countries

8. European Economic Integration and the Arab Countries »

Source: Economic Development of the Arab Countries : Selected Issues

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1993

ISBN: 9781557753328

Keywords: fdi, balance of payments, foreign investors, natural resources

EC-1992, the European Economic Space, and Extending Integration Toward Eastern Europe: Checking the Meanings Over the last few years, a comprehensive insight into the...

12 Corruption and Military Spending

12 Corruption and Military Spending »

Source: Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance

Series: Books

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and George Abed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061163

Keywords: decentralization, military spending, military, tax revenue, government expenditure

1. Introduction In recent years, increasing attention has been devoted to understanding the reasons for, and economic consequences of, corruption. The existing literature can be divi...

13. Roundtable on Financial Reforms and Their Implementation

13. Roundtable on Financial Reforms and Their Implementation »

Source: Building Sound Finance in Emerging Market Economies : Proceedings of a Conference held in Washington, D.C., June 10-11, 1993

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1994

ISBN: 9781557753809

Keywords: credit, banking, payments, payment system, banking system

In this roundtable, we have been asked to address three basic questions that arose in the various sessions of the conference: How to handle the issue of bank portfolios or how to de...

5 Regulation of Tax Professionals

5 Regulation of Tax Professionals »

Source: Tax Law Design and Drafting, Volume 1

Series: Books

Author(s): Victor Thuronyi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 August 1996

ISBN: 9781557755872

Keywords: inflation, vat, social security, taxation, tax administration

Bad ethics drive out good. —Adapted from Gresham’s Law It would be difficult to have a well-functioning tax system without tax advisor...

5 Payment System Reform in Formerly Centrally Planned Economies

5 Payment System Reform in Formerly Centrally Planned Economies »

Source: Building Sound Finance in Emerging Market Economies : Proceedings of a Conference held in Washington, D.C., June 10-11, 1993

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1994

ISBN: 9781557753809

Keywords: credit, banking, payments, payment system, banking system

A payment system capable of speedy settlement of transactions in goods, services, and basic securities is a linchpin of a functioning market economy. Measures to ensure the integrit...

Chapter 6. Mitigation and Fuel Pricing in Developing Economies*

Chapter 6. Mitigation and Fuel Pricing in Developing Economies* »

Source: Fiscal Policy to Mitigate Climate Change : A Guide for Policymakers

Series: Books

Author(s): Ruud Mooij , Michael Keen , and Ian Parry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 2012

ISBN: 9781616353933

Keywords: Climate policy, co2, forest, forests, subsidies, climate finance

Key Messages for Policymakers Low- and lower-middle-income countries contribute only about 12 percent of glob...

2 Key Concepts, Benefits, and Risks

2 Key Concepts, Benefits, and Risks »

Source: Integrating Europe's Financial Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Jörg Decressin , Wim Fonteyne , and Hamid Faruqee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 September 2007

ISBN: 9781589066236

Keywords: financial markets, financial institutions, financial services

This chapter provides a bird’s-eye view of financial integration from a conceptual standpoint and also outlines its potential risks and benefits. At a very broad level, the integration of financial markets i...

Chapter V.6 Energy

Chapter V.6 Energy »

Source: A Study of the Soviet Economy. 3-volume set : 3-Volume Set

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1991

ISBN: 9789264134683

Keywords: prices, payments, credit, interest, wage

1. INTRODUCTION The USSR is well endowed with energy resources; according to Western estimates proven Soviet energy reserves include 58 billion barrels of crude oil, 52 trillion cubi...