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Russian Federation: Selected Issues

Russian Federation: Selected Issues »

Source: Russian Federation : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2006/430

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 2006

ISBN: 9781451975307

Keywords: revenues, budget, public capital, financial assets, deficit

Russia's large oil and gas reserves play a key role in its economic development. As with many other large oil exporters, Russia's energy wealth is also posing numerous challenges to macroeconomic management. Althou...

Republic of Kazakhstan: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Republic of Kazakhstan: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Republic of Kazakhstan : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2003/211

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 July 2003

ISBN: 9781451820904

Keywords: crude oil, oil and gas, natural gas, petroleum sector, million barrels

This Selected Issues paper reviews the developments, issues, and prospects of the petroleum sector of Kazakhstan, and analyzes the recent strong economic growth, the links between the oil and the non-oil sector, an...

Azerbaijan Republic: Selected Issues

Azerbaijan Republic: Selected Issues »

Source: Azerbaijan Republic : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2005/17

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 January 2005

ISBN: 9781451802665

Keywords: natural gas, oil products, oil prices, petroleum products, gas prices

This Selected Issues paper on Azerbaijan Republic reports that the government has made substantial progress in dealing with energy-related subsidies. The domestic market for oil products has been tightly regulated...

Financial markets recover: IMF adapts to changing global environment to meet member countries’ needs

Financial markets recover: IMF adapts to changing global environment to meet member countries’ needs »

Source: IMF Survey Supplement 1999

Volume/Issue: 28/0

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1999

ISBN: 9781451951059

Keywords: financial system, member countries, financial markets, world economy, macroeconomic policies

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

Islamic Republic of Iran

Islamic Republic of Iran »

Source: Islamic Republic of Iran : Selected Issues Paper

Volume/Issue: 2010/76

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451981803

Keywords: electricity, energy policy, energy efficiency, electricity production, petroleum products

This Selected Issues paper discusses the economics of energy price reform in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Economic policies in Iran have traditionally relied on the abundant availability of energy at a low price t...

Republic of Kazakhstan: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Republic of Kazakhstan: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Republic of Kazakhstan : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2002/64

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 March 2002

ISBN: 9781451820850

Keywords: petroleum exports, petroleum production, pipeline system, petroleum sector, pipeline capacity, Fiscal Affairs, Fiscal Affairs, Fiscal Affairs, Fiscal Affairs,

This Selected Issues paper presents a brief overview of developments and prospects for the petroleum sector of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The paper conducts a comprehensive assessment of fiscal vulnerability, fisc...

Bulgaria

Bulgaria »

Source: Bulgaria : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2007/390

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 December 2007

ISBN: 9781451804584

Keywords: investment, capital goods, fdi, domestic investment, investments

This Selected Issues paper on Bulgaria investigates possible driving forces behind the investment boom based on cross-country evidence. The diagnosis of the drivers behind the investment boom is important as it is...

The Implicit Pension Debt

The Implicit Pension Debt »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1996

Volume/Issue: 33/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

ISBN: 9781451952681

Keywords: gas, oil and gas, gas projects, oil and gas sector, gas sector

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan »

Source: Turkmenistan : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1996/30

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 May 1996

ISBN: 9781451837216

Keywords: gas, minimum wage, interest rates, benefits, pollution

This paper reviews economic developments in Turkmenistan during 1992-96. There was a general strengthening of centralized controls during 1993-95 to protect international reserves. Monetary and exchange rate polici...

Foreign Banks and the Vienna Initiative

Foreign Banks and the Vienna Initiative »

Source: Foreign Banks and the Vienna Initiative : Turning Sinners Into Saints?

Volume/Issue: 2012/117

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ralph De Haas , Yevgeniya Korniyenko , Alexander Pivovarsky , and Elena Loukoianova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2012

ISBN: 9781475503463

Keywords: Foreign Banks, Vienna Initiative, Financial Crisis, State Support, subsidiaries, banking, bank subsidiaries, capital markets, bank lending

We use data on 1,294 banks in Central and Eastern Europe to analyze how bank ownership and creditor coordination in the form of the Vienna Initiative affected credit growth during the 2008-09 crisis. As part of the...