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Trinidad and tobago

Trinidad and tobago »

Source: Trinidad and tobago : The Energy Boom and Proposals for a Sustainable Fiscal Policy

Volume/Issue: 2005/197

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2005

ISBN: 9781451862164

Keywords: oil boom, permanent income hypothesis, oil and gas, natural gas, gas production, oil prices, Macroeconomic - Aspects of Public Finance, Macroeconomic Policy, and General Outlook, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies

Trinidad and Tobago is experiencing an energy boom stronger than the ones in 1970s and 1980s. The main fiscal policy challenge is to ensure that the increased revenues from the ultimately exhaustible resources are...

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending »

Source: Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending : Theory and Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2015/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke , and Constant Lonkeng Ngouana

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2015

ISBN: 9781475580747

Keywords: Energy subsidies, Public social spending, Causality, subsidy, tax, energy subsidy, Cross-Sectional Models, Single Equation Models: Single Variables: Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation, Causality.,

This paper shows that high energy subsidies and low public social spending can emerge as an equilibrium outcome of a political game between the elite and the middle-class when the provision of public goods is subje...

Increasing Productivity Growth in Middle Income Countries

Increasing Productivity Growth in Middle Income Countries »

Source: Increasing Productivity Growth in Middle Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2015/2

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Aidar Abdychev , La-Bhus Fah Jirasavetakul , Andrew Jonelis , Lamin Leigh , Ashwin Moheeput , Friska Parulian , Ara Stepanyan , and Albert Touna Mama

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 January 2015

ISBN: 9781484328439

Keywords: Growth, potential growth&;amp;#x2026;, environment, debt, productivity growth, economics, trade, Forecasting and Other Model Applications, Forecasting and Simulation, One

Many small middle-income countries (SMICs) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) have experienced a moderation in growth in recent years. Although factor accumulation, most notably capital deepening, was crucial to the succe...

Tax Concessions and Foreign Direct Investment in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union

Tax Concessions and Foreign Direct Investment in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union »

Source: Tax Concessions and Foreign Direct Investment in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union

Volume/Issue: 2008/257

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jingqing Chai , and Rishi Goyal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2008

ISBN: 9781451871159

Keywords: Concessions, Incentives, ECCU, fdi, tax incentives, direct investment,

Tax concessions have been employed as a central component of the development strategy in the small island states comprising the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union. This paper compares the costs of concessions in term...

The Caribbean: Enhancing Economic Integration

The Caribbean: Enhancing Economic Integration »

Source: The Caribbean : Enhancing Economic Integration

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Sanjaya Panth , Paul Cashin , and W. Bauer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 October 2008

ISBN: 9781589067936

Keywords: tax incentives, fdi, preference erosion, trade preferences, exporting countries

The Caribbean has made substantial progress in recent years in implementing economic reforms, both at the national and regional level. The Caribbean: Enhancing Economic Integration examines the product of the effor...

Central America: Economic Progress and Reforms

Central America: Economic Progress and Reforms »

Source: Central America : Economic Progress and Reforms

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Dominique Desruelle , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2008

ISBN: 9781589067653

Keywords: customs, social spending, common, customs union, capital markets

Central America has made substantial progress in recent years in moving economic reforms forward and deepening regional and global integration. As result of these efforts, the region has experienced higher growth,...

The Effect of Capital Controlson Foreign Direct Investment Decisions Under Country Risk with Intangible Assets

The Effect of Capital Controlson Foreign Direct Investment Decisions Under Country Risk with Intangible Assets »

Source: The Effect of Capital Controlson Foreign Direct Investment Decisions Under Country Risk with Intangible Assets

Volume/Issue: 2007/79

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kinga Elo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

ISBN: 9781451866438

Keywords: Foreign direct investments, decisions under uncertainty, fdi, capital control, direct investment, foreign direct investment, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation, Corporate Finance and Governance: Government Policy and Regulation,

This paper examines how capital controls affect FDI decisions and how the impact of these restrictive measures varies with different levels of country risk. We construct a model of firms' FDI decisions, broadly in...

Brazil: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Brazil: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Brazil : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2001/10

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451805901

Keywords: interest, deficit, debt, interest payments, budget

This paper analyzes several issues regarding fiscal sustainability and fiscal adjustment in Brazil during 1990 and searches for econometric evidence of a monetary dominant regime during some subperiods. The followi...

The Impact of Economic Securityon Bank Deposits and Investment1

The Impact of Economic Securityon Bank Deposits and Investment1 »

Source: The Impact of Economic Securityon Bank Deposits and Investment

Volume/Issue: 1998/98

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Fabricius

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1998

ISBN: 9781451852110

Keywords: Economic Security, Institutions, Bank Deposits, institutional variables, correlation, explanatory power, institutional quality, standard deviation

This paper highlights the importance of institutions in explaining the variation of investment rates and of two measures of bank deposits across countries. A general index of economic security is created for 130 co...

What Causes Firms to Hide Output? the Determinants of Informality

What Causes Firms to Hide Output? the Determinants of Informality »

Source: What Causes Firms to Hide Output? the Determinants of Informality

Volume/Issue: 2005/160

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gabriela Inchauste , Mark Gradstein , and Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2005

ISBN: 9781451861792

Keywords: determinants, institutions, survey, business environment, regulatory burden, probability, firm size, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: Firm, Education: Other, institution,

In many developing countries, a significant part of economic activity takes place in the informal sector. Earlier work has examined the determinants of the size of the informal sector, focusing separately on factor...