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World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

World Economic Outlook, April 2019

Growth Slowdown, Precarious Recovery

The global economic expansion decelerated in the second half of 2018 with global growth projected to slow to 3.3 percent in 2019, with risks to future growth on the downside.

1. Roads to Growth: A Summary of Main Issues

1. Roads to Growth: A Summary of Main Issues »

Source: Central and Eastern Europe : Roads to Growth

Series: Books

Author(s): Georg Winckler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1992

ISBN: 9781557751997

Keywords: wage, wages, employment, debt, privatization

Introduction By mid-1991, the breakdown of the centralized regimes in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe seems to be complete. The old power structures have dis...

3 IMF-Supported Adjustment Programs in Central and Eastern Europe

3 IMF-Supported Adjustment Programs in Central and Eastern Europe »

Source: Central and Eastern Europe : Roads to Growth

Series: Books

Author(s): Georg Winckler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1992

ISBN: 9781557751997

Keywords: wage, wages, employment, debt, privatization

I. Introduction This paper explores the relationship between stabilization, economic growth, and systemic reform in Central and Eastern Europe. It draws on the experienc...

8. Privatization and Corporate Governance in Eastern Europe: Can a Market Economy Be Designed?

8. Privatization and Corporate Governance in Eastern Europe: Can a Market Economy Be Designed? »

Source: Central and Eastern Europe : Roads to Growth

Series: Books

Author(s): Georg Winckler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1992

ISBN: 9781557751997

Keywords: wage, wages, employment, debt, privatization

It is quite common to be somewhat skeptical about the chances of a smooth transition to a market economy in Eastern Europe. The standard fear is that the cost of the transition may be so high that the proces...

7. Wages and Employment in the Transition to a Market Economy

7. Wages and Employment in the Transition to a Market Economy »

Source: Central and Eastern Europe : Roads to Growth

Series: Books

Author(s): Georg Winckler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1992

ISBN: 9781557751997

Keywords: wage, wages, employment, debt, privatization

I. Introduction The scale of the reform agenda in the erstwhile socialist economies and the complementary nature of policy changes make the ordering of reforms peculiarl...

2. Opening Address

2. Opening Address »

Source: Central and Eastern Europe : Roads to Growth

Series: Books

Author(s): Georg Winckler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1992

ISBN: 9781557751997

Keywords: wage, wages, employment, debt, privatization

I am delighted that the Austrian National Bank and the International Monetary Fund are cooperating to sponsor this seminar, and I would like to thank Dr. Schaumayer, the President of the National Bank, for h...

5. Transformation of Centrally Planned Economies: Credit Markets and Sustainable Growth

5. Transformation of Centrally Planned Economies: Credit Markets and Sustainable Growth »

Source: Central and Eastern Europe : Roads to Growth

Series: Books

Author(s): Georg Winckler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1992

ISBN: 9781557751997

Keywords: wage, wages, employment, debt, privatization

I. Introduction The transformation of centrally planned economies (CPEs) into well-functioning market economies is likely to be lengthy and complex. During the transitio...

6 Savings, Investment, and Growth in Eastern Europe

6 Savings, Investment, and Growth in Eastern Europe »

Source: Central and Eastern Europe : Roads to Growth

Series: Books

Author(s): Georg Winckler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1992

ISBN: 9781557751997

Keywords: wage, wages, employment, debt, privatization

I. Introduction The achievement of high and sustainable rates of economic growth is one of the primary objectives of the reform process currently under way in Eastern Eu...

Spillovers of Domestic Shocks

Spillovers of Domestic Shocks »

Source: Spillovers of Domestic Shocks : Will They Counteract the 'Great Moderation'?

Volume/Issue: 2010/78

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ashoka Mody , and Alina Carare

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451982213

Keywords: Output growth volatility, vertical specialization, output growth, domestic shocks, global trade,

Even prior to the extreme volatility just observed, output growth volatility-following protracted decline-was flattening or mildly rising in some countries. More widespread was an increasing tendency from the mid-1...

Three Cycles

Three Cycles »

Source: Three Cycles : Housing, Credit, and Real Activity

Volume/Issue: 2009/231

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , Alain Kabundi , Deniz Igan , Francisco Nadal De Simone , and Marcelo Pinheiro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2009

ISBN: 9781451873788

Keywords: Macro-financial linkages, house prices, business cycle, lead, spillovers,

We examine the characteristics and comovement of cycles in house prices, credit, real activity and interest rates in advanced economies during the past 25 years, using a dynamic generalized factor model. House pric...

Britain Joins the EEC

Britain Joins the EEC »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1972

Volume/Issue: 9/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1972

ISBN: 9781616353100

Keywords: pollution, population growth, population problem, demographers, world population

This paper describes what the limits to growth are. The paper highlights that many critical variables in global society-particularly population and industrial production-have been growing at a constant percentage r...