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Inflation Responses to Commodity Price Shocks

Inflation Responses to Commodity Price Shocks »

Source: Inflation Responses to Commodity Price Shocks : How and Why Do Countries Differ?

Volume/Issue: 2012/225

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): R. Gelos , and Yulia Ustyugova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2012

ISBN: 9781475510249

Keywords: pass-through, Phillips curve, central bank, inflationary impact, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit: General, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance

This paper relates the inflationary impact of commodity price shocks across countries to a broad range of structural characteristics and policy frameworks over the period 2001-2010, using several approaches. The an...

Who's Going Green and Why? Trends and Determinants of Green Investment

Who's Going Green and Why? Trends and Determinants of Green Investment »

Source: Who's Going Green and Why? Trends and Determinants of Green Investment

Volume/Issue: 2011/296

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luc Eyraud , Changchang Zhang , Abdoul Wane , and Benedict Clements

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2011

ISBN: 9781463927301

Keywords: crude oil, fossil fuel, renewable energy, carbon emissions, fossil fuels, Recreational Aspects of Natural Resources, Energy: General, Alternative Energy Sources, Renewable Resources And Conservation,

This paper fills a gap in the macroeconomic literature on renewable sources of energy. It offers a definition of green investment and analyzes the trends and determinants of this investment over the last decade for...

Energy Sector Quasi-Fiscal Activities in the Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Energy Sector Quasi-Fiscal Activities in the Countries of the Former Soviet Union »

Source: Energy Sector Quasi-Fiscal Activities in the Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Volume/Issue: 2002/60

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Aleh Tsyvinski , Martin Petri , and Günther Taube

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2002

ISBN: 9781451848069

Keywords: transition countries, quasi-fiscal activities, implicit subsidies, implicit taxation, payment arrears, gas, fiscal activities, coal, fiscal deficit, Structure

A decade into the transition, many of the successor states of the former Soviet Union (FSU) continue to use energy sector quasi-fiscal activities (QFAs), especially low energy prices and the toleration of payment a...

A Primeron Mineral Taxation

A Primeron Mineral Taxation »

Source: A Primeron Mineral Taxation

Volume/Issue: 2001/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Thomas Baunsgaard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

ISBN: 9781451856040

Keywords: mineral tax, mining and petroleum, mineral extraction, rate of return, tax system, fiscal stability, tax rate,

The paper discusses options available to tax mineral extraction projects particularly in developing countries. A desirable government share of the economic rent generated from mineral extraction can be achieved thr...

Is One Watchdog Better Than Three? International Experience with Integrated Financial Sector Supervision

Is One Watchdog Better Than Three? International Experience with Integrated Financial Sector Supervision »

Source: Is One Watchdog Better Than Three? International Experience with Integrated Financial Sector Supervision

Volume/Issue: 2006/57

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Martin Cihak , and Richard Podpiera

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2006

ISBN: 9781451863178

Keywords: financial services regulation, prudential supervision, supervisory agencies, integrated supervision, banking, banking supervision, regulatory environment, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation, Regulation and Business Law: General

Over the past two decades, there has been a clear trend toward integrating the regulation and supervision of banks, nonbank financial institutions, and securities markets. This paper reviews the international exper...

Institutional Quality and International Trade

Institutional Quality and International Trade »

Source: Institutional Quality and International Trade

Volume/Issue: 2004/231

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrei Levchenko

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2004

ISBN: 9781451875560

Keywords: institutions, incomplete contracts, institutional quality, factor endowments, factor price, trade opening, Neoclassical Models of Trade, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade and Labor Market Interactions,

The quality of institutions-meaning the quality of contract enforcement, property rights, shareholder protection, and the like-has received a great deal of attention in recent years. The purposes of this paper are...

Measuring Energy Security

Measuring Energy Security »

Source: Measuring Energy Security : Trends in the Diversification of Oil and Natural Gas Supplies

Volume/Issue: 2011/39

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Prakash Loungani , Frederick Joutz , and Gail Cohen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2011

ISBN: 9781455217878

Keywords: Energy Security, Energy Independence, Diversification, OECD Energy Use, gas, natural gas, oil and gas, natural gas supplies, gas supplies, Energy: Demand and Supply

We present evidence on one facet of energy security in OECD economies - the extent of diversification in sources of oil and natural gas supplies. Viewed from the perspective of the energy-importing countries as a w...

Policy Reform, Adjustment Costs, and Investment
			: With Activity of Local Investors as a Signal

Policy Reform, Adjustment Costs, and Investment : With Activity of Local Investors as a Signal »

Volume/Issue: 1997/148

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Omotunde Johnson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451856781.001

ISBN: 9781451856781

Keywords: investors, foreign investors, foreign investment, direct investment, foreign direct investment

Adjustment assistance is provided to local investors responding to policy reform and facing adjustment costs, to facilitate their activity–a signal to foreign investors about the profitability of investing i...

Exports in a Tariff-Free Environment
			: What Structural Reforms Matter? Evidence from the European Union Single Market

Exports in a Tariff-Free Environment : What Structural Reforms Matter? Evidence from the European Union Single Market »

Volume/Issue: 2015/187

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jesmin Rahman , Ara Stepanyan , Jessie Yang , and Li Zeng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 August 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513552170.001

ISBN: 9781513552170

Keywords: Export integration, structural reform, supply chain, new member states, environment, trade, incentives, Country and Industry Studies of Trade,

How do countries enhance their exports of goods in a largely tariff-free environment? Our investigation of export performance of new member states in the European Union single market, which provides a natural contr...

Tax Policy and the Environment
			: Theory and Practice

Tax Policy and the Environment : Theory and Practice »

Volume/Issue: 1994/106

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Nellor , and Ronald McMorran

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451947083.001

ISBN: 9781451947083

Keywords: environment, pollution, environmental damage, gas, coal

This paper provides a framework for examining environment taxes. It reviews the theoretical efficiency of three types of environment taxes: taxes on emissions or Pigouvian taxes; taxes on productive inputs or consu...