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Algeria: Selected Issues

Algeria: Selected Issues »

Source: Algeria : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2006/101

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 March 2006

ISBN: 9781451811506

Keywords: regional integration, trade liberalization, trade diversion, free trade area, labor market

This Selected Issues paper for Algeria analyzes the potential economic impact of Algeria's Association Agreement with the European Union (AAEU). The paper lays out the major elements of Algeria's AAEU and makes a c...

The United States and the New Regionalism/ Bilateralism

The United States and the New Regionalism/ Bilateralism »

Source: The United States and the New Regionalism/ Bilateralism

Volume/Issue: 2003/206

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yongzheng Yang , and Alvin Hilaire

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2003

ISBN: 9781451874624

Keywords: integration, regionalism, global trade analysis, trade diversion, global trade, trade agreement, trade arrangements,

Current U.S. trade policy stresses establishing free trade areas (FTAs) with partners spanning the globe. Motivations include enhancing goods and services trade; stimulating investment flows; extending standards on...

Republic of Kazakhstan: Selected Issues

Republic of Kazakhstan: Selected Issues »

Source: Republic of Kazakhstan : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2004/362

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 November 2004

ISBN: 9781451820935

Keywords: oil sector, international monetary fund, oil production, oil prices

This Selected Issues paper analyzes the optimal policy response on the part of the Kazakhstan authorities to the prospective oil inflows. It surveys the literature on the so-called natural resource curse and offers...

Petroleum Product Subsidies

Petroleum Product Subsidies »

Source: Petroleum Product Subsidies : Costly, Inequitable, and On the Rise

Volume/Issue: 2010/05

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): John Piotrowski , David Coady , Justin Tyson , Rolando Ossowski , Robert Gillingham , and Shamsuddin Tareq

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 February 2010

ISBN: 9781455239108

Keywords: Commodity price fluctuations, Oil exporting countries, Oil product prices, Oil subsidies, Price stabilization, Fiscal reforms, Governance, Taxes, Subsidies, Petroleum products

Petroleum product subsidies have again started to increase with the rebound in international prices. This note reviews recent developments in subsidy levels and argues that reforming the policy framework for settin...

United Arab Emirates: Selected Issues

United Arab Emirates: Selected Issues »

Source: United Arab Emirates : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2015/220

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 August 2015

ISBN: 9781513524634

Keywords: environment, subsidies, prices, revenue, oil

This Selected Issues paper discusses measures to strengthen fiscal policy and budget frameworks in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). It provides an overview of government's revenue and expenditure developments, and p...

Bolivia

Bolivia »

Source: Bolivia : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2007/249

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451805833

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, real exchange, dutch disease, international monetary fund

This Selected Issues paper on Bolivia reports that it has experienced major increases in its gas reserves, production, and exports. Not only have their levels increased significantly, but also there have been exten...

Bolivia

Bolivia »

Source: Bolivia : The Hydrocarbons Boom and the Risk of Dutch Disease

Volume/Issue: 2008/154

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eugenio Cerutti , and Mario Mansilla

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9781451870121

Keywords: Equilibrium Real Exchange, gas, exchange rate, real exchange rate, equilibrium exchange rate,

The hydrocarbons sector has become one of the most dynamic economic activities in the Bolivian economy and the main driver of improved export performance and international reserve accumulation. The central role of...

How Successful Are IMF-Supported Adjustment programs?

How Successful Are IMF-Supported Adjustment programs? »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1996

Volume/Issue: 33/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

ISBN: 9781451952681

Keywords: gas, oil and gas, gas projects, oil and gas sector, gas sector

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Closer to Home: Despite all the talk of globalization, business cycles seem to be becoming more regional

Closer to Home: Despite all the talk of globalization, business cycles seem to be becoming more regional »

Source: Finance and Development, September 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484353653

Keywords: natural resources, natural resource, natural resource management

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

Fiscal Adjustment in Sudan Size, Speed, and Composition

Fiscal Adjustment in Sudan Size, Speed, and Composition »

Source: Fiscal Adjustment in Sudan Size, Speed, and Composition

Volume/Issue: 2010/79

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): S. M. Ali Abbas , Kenji Moriyama , and Abdul Naseer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451982220

Keywords: intertemporal budget constraint, oil revenue, tax rates, fiscal adjustment, oil producing,

The paper aims to identify the optimal size, speed and composition of the medium-term fiscal adjustment in the context of Sudan's limited oil reserves. The permanently sustainable non-oil primary balance approach s...