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Market-Based Debt-Reduction Schemes

Market-Based Debt-Reduction Schemes »

Source: Analytical Issues in Debt

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1989

ISBN: 9781557750419

Keywords: debt, interest, creditors, debt relief, payments

IN THE EARLY YEARS of the third-world debt problem, there was widespread consensus among creditors, international organizations, and the debtor countries themselves...

External Debt Problem of Sub-Saharan Africa

External Debt Problem of Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Analytical Issues in Debt

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1989

ISBN: 9781557750419

Keywords: debt, interest, creditors, debt relief, payments

MOST OF THE RECENT discussion of external debt problems of developing countries has centered on middle-income countries, particularly those in Latin America. Apart f...

Investment, Openness, and Country Risk

Investment, Openness, and Country Risk »

Source: Analytical Issues in Debt

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1989

ISBN: 9781557750419

Keywords: debt, interest, creditors, debt relief, payments

THE EVOLUTION of external debt during the 1970s and 1980s demonstrates the unique dimension of international banking in the presence of country risk. The lack of sim...

A Delicate Equilibrium: Debt Relief and Default Penalties in an International Context

A Delicate Equilibrium: Debt Relief and Default Penalties in an International Context »

Source: Analytical Issues in Debt

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1989

ISBN: 9781557750419

Keywords: debt, interest, creditors, debt relief, payments

THIS PAPER DISCUSSES two issues central to debt contracts: default penalties and debt relief. Both topics have received considerable attention in the economics liter...

The Macroeconomic Effects of Environmental Taxes

The Macroeconomic Effects of Environmental Taxes »

Source: The Macroeconomic Effects of Environmental Taxes : A Closer Look at the Feasibility of 'Win-Win' Outcomes

Volume/Issue: 1998/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jenny Ligthart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1998

ISBN: 9781451849707

Keywords: Abatement, environmental taxes, double dividend, endogenous growth, green tax reform, optimal taxation, pollution., pollution, environment, environmental quality

This paper reviews recent literature on the macroeconomic effects of environmental taxes. It attempts to delineate the conditions under which a cleaner environment is compatible with attaining macroeconomic objecti...

Political Economy of Multi-Level Tax Assignments in Latin American Countries

Political Economy of Multi-Level Tax Assignments in Latin American Countries »

Source: Political Economy of Multi-Level Tax Assignments in Latin American Countries : Earmarked Revenue Versus Tax Autonomy

Volume/Issue: 2008/71

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Giorgio Brosio , and Ehtisham Ahmad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2008

ISBN: 9781451869330

Keywords: taxation, property tax, tax administration, tax collections

A weakness of decentralization and overall tax reforms in Latin America is the lack of attention to adequate taxation at the subnational government. A reliance on shared taxes with extensive earmarking leads to wea...

Trends and Future Directions in Tax Policy Reform

Trends and Future Directions in Tax Policy Reform »

Source: Trends and Future Directions in Tax Policy Reform : A Latin American Perspective

Volume/Issue: 1992/43

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Parthasarathi Shome

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1992

ISBN: 9781451846263

Keywords: tax reform, taxation, corporate income tax, tax structure

Tax reform in Latin America during the 1980s emphasized broad-based, low-rate consumption taxes over steeply progressive income and property taxes, primarily to simplify the tax structure and facilitate tax adminis...

Taxation in Latin America

Taxation in Latin America »

Source: Taxation in Latin America : Structural Trends and Impact of Administration

Volume/Issue: 1999/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Parthasarathi Shome

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1999

ISBN: 9781451843729

Keywords: Latin America, taxation trends, tax administration, tax structure, taxation, personal income tax

From the mid-1980s to early 1990s, Latin American tax policy provided rich lessons for other reforming countries. Meaningful innovations led also to perceptible revenue gains. Later in the 1990s, tax policies began...

Dealing with Increased Risk of Natural Disasters

Dealing with Increased Risk of Natural Disasters »

Source: Dealing with Increased Risk of Natural Disasters : Challenges and Options

Volume/Issue: 2003/197

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Keen , Paul Freeman , and Muthukumara Mani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2003

ISBN: 9781451860030

Keywords: Natural Disasters, Climate Change, Urbanization, disaster, disasters, hurricane, disaster risk, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General, Economic Development: General, Natural Disaster,

Natural disaster risk is emerging as an increasingly important constraint on economic development and poverty reduction. This paper first sets out the key stylized facts in the area-that the costs of disaster have...

An Analytical Framework of Environmental Issues

An Analytical Framework of Environmental Issues »

Source: An Analytical Framework of Environmental Issues

Volume/Issue: 1993/53

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jonathan Levin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1993

ISBN: 9781451847314

Keywords: environment, pollution, environmental effects, sulfur, carbon dioxide

Environmental effects which were insignificant in the past, when the fewer concentrations of population or products of modern technology allowed the vast absorptive capacity of nature to act as a sink, are quite ev...