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Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending »

Source: Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending : Theory and Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2015/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke , and Constant Lonkeng Ngouana

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2015

ISBN: 9781475580747

Keywords: Energy subsidies, Public social spending, Causality, subsidy, tax, energy subsidy, Cross-Sectional Models, Single Equation Models: Single Variables: Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation, Causality.,

This paper shows that high energy subsidies and low public social spending can emerge as an equilibrium outcome of a political game between the elite and the middle-class when the provision of public goods is subje...

Islamic Financial Institutions and Products in the Global Financial System

Islamic Financial Institutions and Products in the Global Financial System »

Source: Islamic Financial Institutions and Products in the Global Financial System : Key Issues in Risk Management and Challenges Ahead

Volume/Issue: 2002/192

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2002

ISBN: 9781451859775

Keywords: risk management. Islamic Financial Services Board, islamic banks, banking, mudaraba, islamic bank, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation, Comparative Analysis of Economic Systems, Islamic Financial Services Board,

The provision and use of financial services and products that conform to Islamic religious principles pose special challenges for the identification, measurement, monitoring, and control of underlying risks. Effect...

Tax Concessions and Foreign Direct Investment in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union

Tax Concessions and Foreign Direct Investment in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union »

Source: Tax Concessions and Foreign Direct Investment in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union

Volume/Issue: 2008/257

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jingqing Chai , and Rishi Goyal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2008

ISBN: 9781451871159

Keywords: Concessions, Incentives, ECCU, fdi, tax incentives, direct investment,

Tax concessions have been employed as a central component of the development strategy in the small island states comprising the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union. This paper compares the costs of concessions in term...

Measuring Energy Security

Measuring Energy Security »

Source: Measuring Energy Security : Trends in the Diversification of Oil and Natural Gas Supplies

Volume/Issue: 2011/39

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Prakash Loungani , Frederick Joutz , and Gail Cohen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2011

ISBN: 9781455217878

Keywords: Energy Security, Energy Independence, Diversification, OECD Energy Use, gas, natural gas, oil and gas, natural gas supplies, gas supplies, Energy: Demand and Supply

We present evidence on one facet of energy security in OECD economies - the extent of diversification in sources of oil and natural gas supplies. Viewed from the perspective of the energy-importing countries as a w...

United Arab Emirates

United Arab Emirates »

Source: United Arab Emirates : 2004 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for the United Arab Emirates

Volume/Issue: 2004/175

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 June 2004

ISBN: 9781451801118

Keywords: Article IV consultations, Public information, United Arab Emirates, central bank, financial sector, budget, interest, debt, Staff Report,

This 2004 Article IV Consultation highlights that the macroeconomic performance of United Arab Emirates is estimated to have been strong in 2003, reflecting favorable developments in the oil market, higher oil pro...

Russian Federation: Selected Issues

Russian Federation: Selected Issues »

Source: Russian Federation : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2006/430

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 2006

ISBN: 9781451975307

Keywords: revenues, budget, public capital, financial assets, deficit

Russia's large oil and gas reserves play a key role in its economic development. As with many other large oil exporters, Russia's energy wealth is also posing numerous challenges to macroeconomic management. Althou...

Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2005/250

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 July 2005

ISBN: 9781451837322

Keywords: public investment, regulatory framework, international monetary fund, private sector development, private investment

This Selected Issues paper provides an overview of past growth performance and an assessment of the outlook for growth in Timor-Leste. It identifies impediments to growth and discusses policies that would contribut...

The Impact of Economic Securityon Bank Deposits and Investment1

The Impact of Economic Securityon Bank Deposits and Investment1 »

Source: The Impact of Economic Securityon Bank Deposits and Investment

Volume/Issue: 1998/98

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Fabricius

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1998

ISBN: 9781451852110

Keywords: Economic Security, Institutions, Bank Deposits, institutional variables, correlation, explanatory power, institutional quality, standard deviation

This paper highlights the importance of institutions in explaining the variation of investment rates and of two measures of bank deposits across countries. A general index of economic security is created for 130 co...

Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment

Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment »

Source: Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment : A Review and Synthesis

Volume/Issue: 1993/27

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kenneth M. Miranda , Ian Parry , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

ISBN: 9781451844443

Keywords: subsidy, environmental degradation, environmental policy

Commonly cited environmental instruments in the legal, regulatory, and fiscal domains are intended primarily to address market failures to ensure that environmental degradation and resource use is contained to appr...

Monetary Transmission in Low Income Countries

Monetary Transmission in Low Income Countries »

Source: Monetary Transmission in Low Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2010/223

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Montiel , Antonio Spilimbergo , and Prachi Mishra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2010

ISBN: 9781455208883

Keywords: exchange rate, interest rate, institutions, bank lending, monetary transmission, central bank, government securities, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

This paper reviews monetary transmission mechanisms in low-income countries (LICs) to identify aspects of the channels that may operate differently in LICs relative to advanced and emerging economies. Given the wea...