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Increasing Productivity Growth in Middle Income Countries

Increasing Productivity Growth in Middle Income Countries »

Source: Increasing Productivity Growth in Middle Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2015/2

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Aidar Abdychev , La-Bhus Fah Jirasavetakul , Andrew Jonelis , Lamin Leigh , Ashwin Moheeput , Friska Parulian , Ara Stepanyan , and Albert Touna Mama

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 January 2015

ISBN: 9781484328439

Keywords: Growth, potential growth&;amp;#x2026;, environment, debt, productivity growth, economics, trade, Forecasting and Other Model Applications, Forecasting and Simulation, One

Many small middle-income countries (SMICs) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) have experienced a moderation in growth in recent years. Although factor accumulation, most notably capital deepening, was crucial to the succe...

Economic Diversification in the GCC

Economic Diversification in the GCC »

Source: Economic Diversification in the GCC : Past, Present, and Future

Volume/Issue: 2014/12

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Tim Callen , Reda Cherif , Fuad Hasanov , Amgad Hegazy , and Padamja Khandelwal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2014

ISBN: 9781498303231

Keywords: Export diversification, Exports, Bahrain, Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf, Cross country analysis, Economic growth, Oil revenues, Oman, Private sector, Saudi Arabia

Abstract: The economies of the six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries are heavily reliant on oil. Greater economic diversification would reduce their exposure to volatility and uncertainty in the global oil m...

Why Inflation Targeting?

Why Inflation Targeting? »

Source: Why Inflation Targeting?

Volume/Issue: 2009/86

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Charles Freedman , and Douglas Laxton

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2009

ISBN: 9781451872330

Keywords: rate of inflation, central bank

This is the second chapter of a forthcoming monograph entitled "On Implementing Full-Fledged Inflation-Targeting Regimes: Saying What You Do and Doing What You Say." We begin by discussing the costs of inflation, i...

Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa

Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa »

Source: Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa : Past Performance and the Way Forward

Volume/Issue: 2005/36

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yongzheng Yang , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2005

ISBN: 9781451860559

Keywords: Regional Trade Arrangements, regional integration, regional trade, trade liberalization, intraregional trade, Simulation Methods, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: Forecasting and Simulation,

Regional trade arrangements (RTAs) in Africa have been ineffective in promoting trade and foreign direct investment. Relatively high external trade barriers and low resource complementarity between member countries...

Austria: 2012 Article IV Consultation

Austria: 2012 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Austria : 2012 Article IV Consultation: Staff Report; Informational Annex; Statement by the Staff Representative; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Austria

Volume/Issue: 2012/251

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2012

ISBN: 9781475506778

Keywords: retirement, pension, early retirement, health care, retirement age

Austria has relatively strong macroeconomic fundamentals, but also deep ties with the rest of the euro area. The legacy of an overly ambitious eastward financial sector expansion has created substantial challenges...

Iceland

Iceland »

Source: Iceland : Improving the Equity and Revenue Productivity of the Icelandic Tax System

Volume/Issue: 2010/213

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 July 2010

ISBN: 9781455207947

Keywords: interest, taxes, debt, tax system, tax systems

The Icelandic government has launched a review of the tax system, with a view to improving its income redistribution, growth orientation, and efficiency features, as well as increasing its revenue mobilization pote...

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: First Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement and Request for Waiver of Applicability of Performance Criteria

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: First Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement and Request for Waiver of Applicability of Performance Criteria »

Source: Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia : First Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement and Request for Waiver of Applicability of Performance Criteria

Volume/Issue: 2003/354

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2003

ISBN: 9781451826074

Keywords: debt, budget, interest, deficit, central bank, Macedonia, FYR,

Macedonia's macroeconomic stabilization program continues to rest on the basis of fiscal and monetary policies, and has restored the fiscal balance to a sustainable level after two years of high deficits. Further s...

Serbia and Montenegro: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper—Progress Reports

Serbia and Montenegro: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper—Progress Reports »

Source: Serbia and Montenegro : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper-Progress Reports

Volume/Issue: 2006/141

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 April 2006

ISBN: 9781451833621

Keywords: budget, public administration, ministry of finance, beneficiaries, interest

This paper discusses the First Progress Report on the implementation of the Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRS) in Serbia. The Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) for Serbia and its implementation complement the e...

The Effect of Capital Controlson Foreign Direct Investment Decisions Under Country Risk with Intangible Assets

The Effect of Capital Controlson Foreign Direct Investment Decisions Under Country Risk with Intangible Assets »

Source: The Effect of Capital Controlson Foreign Direct Investment Decisions Under Country Risk with Intangible Assets

Volume/Issue: 2007/79

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kinga Elo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

ISBN: 9781451866438

Keywords: Foreign direct investments, decisions under uncertainty, fdi, capital control, direct investment, foreign direct investment, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation, Corporate Finance and Governance: Government Policy and Regulation,

This paper examines how capital controls affect FDI decisions and how the impact of these restrictive measures varies with different levels of country risk. We construct a model of firms' FDI decisions, broadly in...

Tax Policy

Tax Policy »

Source: Tax Policy : Recent Trends and Coming Challenges

Volume/Issue: 2007/274

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tehmina S. Khan , and John Norregaard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2007

ISBN: 9781451868371

Keywords: Tax reform, personal income tax, corporate income tax, value-added tax, tax wedge, green taxes, taxation, tax revenues, tax rates, tax systems,

This paper provides an overview of the key economic factors that shape tax policy reform in many high-income countries, developing countries, and/or transition economies. The paper describes and evaluates global an...