Search Results

You are looking at 61 - 70 of 483 items :

Clear All
Economic Diversification in the GCC

Economic Diversification in the GCC »

Source: Economic Diversification in the GCC : Past, Present, and Future

Volume/Issue: 2014/12

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Tim Callen , Reda Cherif , Fuad Hasanov , Amgad Hegazy , and Padamja Khandelwal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2014

ISBN: 9781498303231

Keywords: Export diversification, Exports, Bahrain, Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf, Cross country analysis, Economic growth, Oil revenues, Oman, Private sector, Saudi Arabia

Abstract: The economies of the six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries are heavily reliant on oil. Greater economic diversification would reduce their exposure to volatility and uncertainty in the global oil m...

Taxation of Petroleum Products

Taxation of Petroleum Products »

Source: Taxation of Petroleum Products : Theory and Empirical Evidence

Volume/Issue: 1994/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Poonam Gupta , and Walter Mahler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1994

ISBN: 9781451979756

Keywords: petroleum products, fuel oil, automotive diesel, heavy fuel oil, petroleum prices

The domestic taxation of petroleum products is an important source of revenue in most countries. However, there is a wide variation of tax rates on petroleum products across countries, which cannot be explained by...

Technical Assistanceon Tax Policy: A Review

Technical Assistanceon Tax Policy: A Review »

Source: Technical Assistanceon Tax Policy : A Review

Volume/Issue: 1993/65

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1993

ISBN: 9781451848625

Keywords: tax reform, tax systems, consumption taxes, tax reforms

This paper reviews recent experience of technical assistance on tax policy provided by the Fiscal Affairs Department to a selected but diversified group of countries that differ both in their geographical locations...

How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies?

How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies? »

Source: How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies?

Volume/Issue: 2015/105

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Ian Parry , Louis Sears , and Baoping Shang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 May 2015

ISBN: 9781513532196

Keywords: energy subsidies, efficient taxation, deadweight loss, revenue, subsidies, tax, vehicle, traffic, subsidy, Demand and Supply

This paper provides a comprehensive, updated picture of energy subsidies at the global and regional levels. It focuses on the broad notion of post-tax energy subsidies, which arise when consumer prices are below su...

2011 Spillover Report—Selected Issues

2011 Spillover Report—Selected Issues »

Source: Euro Area Policies : Spillover Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation and Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2011/185

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 July 2011

ISBN: 9781462339549

Keywords: spillovers, bond, financial markets, financial market, financial sector, Euro Area Policies:,

The euro area (EA) plays a major role in the global economy. Market perceptions of events in the EA program countries illustrate the possibility of large spillovers from the area in times of stress. The prospect of...

External Debt Management in Low-Income Countries

External Debt Management in Low-Income Countries »

Source: External Debt Management in Low-Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2000/196

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sheku Bangura , Robert Powell , and Damoni Kitabire

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2000

ISBN: 9781451859959

Keywords: external debt management, HIPCs, low-income countries, debt unit, central bank, Low Income Developing Countries,

Improving debt management capacity in Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPCs) is a key element of the international community’s strategy for ensuring a robust and sustained exit from unsustainable debt burde...

Debt Sustainability, Public Investment, and Natural Resources in Developing Countries: the DIGNAR Model*

Debt Sustainability, Public Investment, and Natural Resources in Developing Countries: the DIGNAR Model* »

Source: Debt Sustainability, Public Investment, and Natural Resources in Developing Countries : the DIGNAR Model

Volume/Issue: 2014/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Giovanni Melina , Susan Yang , and Luis-Felipe Zanna

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 March 2014

ISBN: 9781475515459

Keywords: Small Open DSGE Models, DIGNAR, commercial borrowing, fiscal gap, domestic borrowing, commercial debt, Exhaustible Resources and Economic Development, International Lending and Debt Problems,

This paper presents the DIGNAR (Debt, Investment, Growth, and Natural Resources) model, which can be used to analyze the debt sustainability and macroeconomic effects of public investment plans in resource-abundant...

Sierra Leone: 2006 Article IV Consultation, First Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, Financing Assurances Review, and Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion

Sierra Leone: 2006 Article IV Consultation, First Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, Financing Assurances Review, and Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion »

Source: Sierra Leone : 2006 Article IV Consultation, First Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, Financing Assurances Review, and Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion

Volume/Issue: 2007/68

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 February 2007

ISBN: 9781451834604

Keywords: debt, debt relief, interest, budget, domestic revenue

The 2006 Article IV Consultation, First Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility of Sierra Leone reviews sustainability of higher economic growth and reduction of pove...

Nigeria: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Nigeria: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Nigeria : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2005/303

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 August 2005

ISBN: 9781451828979

Keywords: fiscal policy, international monetary fund, financial assets, central bank

This Selected Issues paper on Nigeria highlights challenges faced by the country in building on the achievements of 2004. The authorities will have to maintain macroeconomic stability while implementing ambitious s...

Institutional Quality and International Trade

Institutional Quality and International Trade »

Source: Institutional Quality and International Trade

Volume/Issue: 2004/231

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrei Levchenko

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2004

ISBN: 9781451875560

Keywords: institutions, incomplete contracts, institutional quality, factor endowments, factor price, trade opening, Neoclassical Models of Trade, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade and Labor Market Interactions,

The quality of institutions-meaning the quality of contract enforcement, property rights, shareholder protection, and the like-has received a great deal of attention in recent years. The purposes of this paper are...