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1. Sustaining Growth amid Global Uncertainty

1. Sustaining Growth amid Global Uncertainty »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2012, Sub-Saharan Africa : Sustaining Growth amid Global Uncertainty

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 May 2012

ISBN: 9781616352493

Keywords: exchange rate, exporters, exchange rate pegs, banking, inflation

INTRODUCTION AND SUMMARY Sub-Saharan Africa continues to record strong economic growth, despite the weaker global economic environment. Regional output rose by 5 perc...

Statistical Appendix

Statistical Appendix »

Source: Vietnam : Transition to a Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Erich Spitäller , M. Braulke , Christian Mulder , Hisanobu Shishido , Kenneth M. Miranda , John Dodsworth , and Keon Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1996

ISBN: 9781557755384

Keywords: exchange rate, inflation, foreign exchange, state enterprises, exchange rates

Table A1. Ranking of Low-Income Countries According to Share of Industry in GDP, 1987,1...

3 Implications of the Uruguay Round for the Arab Countries A General Analysis

3 Implications of the Uruguay Round for the Arab Countries A General Analysis »

Source: The Uruguay Round and the Arab Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557754974

Keywords: trade in services, international trade, market access, national treatment, round agreement

The Uruguay Round has been heralded by many as constituting a major advance in the process of multilateral liberalization of trade in goods and services and in strengthening the sup...

7 Global Environmental Sustainability: Protecting the Commons

7 Global Environmental Sustainability: Protecting the Commons »

Source: Global Monitoring Report, 2008 : MDGs and the Environment: Agenda for Inclusive and Sustainable Development

Series: Other Official Rpts and Docs

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 2008

ISBN: 9780821373842

Keywords: environment, climate change, environmental sustainability, health care, malnutrition

Sustainable management of global environmental resources—the earth’s climate, ocean fisheries, and biodiversity—is essential to achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and...

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...

Methodological and Statistical Appendix

Methodological and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2013 : Taxing Times

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 October 2013

ISBN: 9781484357583

Keywords: taxation, tax reform, fiscal projections, public debt, tax systems

This appendix comprises five sections: “Data and Conventions” provides a general description of the data and of the conventions used for calculating economy group composites. “Fiscal Policy Assumptions” summ...

6 Ensuring Environmental Sustainability at the National Level

6 Ensuring Environmental Sustainability at the National Level »

Source: Global Monitoring Report, 2008 : MDGs and the Environment: Agenda for Inclusive and Sustainable Development

Series: Other Official Rpts and Docs

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 2008

ISBN: 9780821373842

Keywords: environment, climate change, environmental sustainability, health care, malnutrition

Achieving environmental sustainability underpins progress on many of the Millenium Development Goals (MDGs). If forests are lost, soils degraded, fisheries depleted, waters polluted...

3 Delivering on Commitments for Aid, Debt Relief, and Trade

3 Delivering on Commitments for Aid, Debt Relief, and Trade »

Source: Global Monitoring Report, 2006 : Strengthening Mutual Accountability: Aid, Trade, and Governance

Series: Other Official Rpts and Docs

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 May 2006

ISBN: 9780821364772

Keywords: debt, anticorruption, budget management, primary education

The “year of development” sharpened the international community’s focus on aid and trade, providing an unprecedented opportunity to accelerate achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Reaffirm...

7 Political Instability and Growth in the Central African Republic, a Neighbor of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

7 Political Instability and Growth in the Central African Republic, a Neighbor of the Democratic Republic of the Congo »

Source: Postconflict Economics in Sub-Saharan Africa, Lessons from the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Series: Books

Author(s): Jean Clément

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 February 2005

ISBN: 9781589062528

Keywords: civil war, civil wars, military, political instability, real gdp

Section I. Introduction The Central African Republic (C.A.R.), a landlocked nation about the size of France, is one of the poorest countries in the world. It ranked 168th out of 175...

Appendix II. Financial Operations and Transactions

Appendix II. Financial Operations and Transactions »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1999

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 1999

ISBN: 9781451945232

Keywords: interest, debt, payments, loans, external debt

The tables in this appendix supplement the information given in Chapter 10 on the IMF’s financial operations and policies. Table II.1 Arrangemen...