Search Results

You are looking at 61 - 70 of 815 items :

Clear All
The economic crisis and its consequences for the environment and environmental policy

The economic crisis and its consequences for the environment and environmental policy »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Elina Berghäll , and Adriaan Perrels

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

ISBN: 9789289320863

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Economic Crisis, Environmental Policy, Greenhouse Gas Emission, Climate Mitigation, Green Transformation, Economy and national budget

A review study of the impacts of the economic crisis on the environment and environmental policy in Nordic countries indicates that the short run economic slowdown translates into a levelling or decline of various...

Nordic low CO2 emission scenarios - implemented in the GAINS model
			: Potential impacts on air pollution following Nordic low greenhouse gas emission initiatives. Scenario analysis performed with the GAINS model

Nordic low CO2 emission scenarios - implemented in the GAINS model : Potential impacts on air pollution following Nordic low greenhouse gas emission initiatives. Scenario analysis performed with the GAINS model »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Jenny Arnell , Stefan Åström , Jesper Bak , Maria Lindblad , and Antti Tohka

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

ISBN: 9789289320825

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Technical Measures, Nordic Energy System, Environmental Benefits, European Air Quality Targets, Nordic Strategies, Air Pollution Emission Reduction

The results from this study show that the technical measures to avoid Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and air pollutants in a Nordic energy system in many cases can result in cost savings for society due to reduced...

Physical Climate Science since IPCC AR4
			: A brief update on new findings between 2007 and April 2010

Physical Climate Science since IPCC AR4 : A brief update on new findings between 2007 and April 2010 »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Halldór Björnsson , Jens Hesselbjerg Christensen , Jouni Räisänen , and Markku Rummukainen

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

ISBN: 9789289320788

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, IPCC, Fourth Assessment Report (AR4), Climate Change, Climate Observations, Climate Modelling, Ocean Acidification

This report provides an update of the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report (AR4), focusing on the physical climate system that in the IPCC work is addressed by its Working Group I. The report considers progress in underst...

Guidelines for Public Debt Management

Guidelines for Public Debt Management »

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 November 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589060456.069

ISBN: 9781589060456

Keywords: debt, debt managers, interest

These guidelines assist policymakers at all levels in considering reforms to strengthen the quality of their public debt management and reduce their countries' vulnerability to international financial shocks. Vulne...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Challenges to the Swedish Welfare State

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Desmond Lachman , Ramana Ramaswamy , J. Green , Robert Hagemann , and Adam Bennett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 1995

ISBN: 9781557754868

Keywords: pension, export prices, unemployment, labor market, recession

Sweden's economy in the early 1990s has been characterized by a deep recession, high unemployment, a ballooning public sector budgete deficit, and a decline in the value of the currency- developments that have rais...

Some International Issues in Commodity Taxation

Some International Issues in Commodity Taxation »

Source: Some International Issues in Commodity Taxation

Volume/Issue: 2002/124

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2002

ISBN: 9781451854732

Keywords: Cross-border shopping, taxation, tax competition, tax rates, tax policy, Subsidies, and Revenue: General,

This paper reviews issues and evidence concerning tax-motivated, cross-border commodity transactions. A distinction is drawn between "arbitrage trades" (driven by cross-country differences in tax rates) and "tax no...

Russia

Russia »

Source: Russia : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1997/63

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 August 1997

ISBN: 9781451832969

Keywords: credit, payments, prices, commercial banks, investors, Russian,

This paper describes economic developments in the Russian Federation during 1995-96. It reviews trends in the domestic economy. It describes developments in the public finances, monetary policy, financial sector, a...

Taxation of Petroleum Products

Taxation of Petroleum Products »

Source: Taxation of Petroleum Products : Theory and Empirical Evidence

Volume/Issue: 1994/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Poonam Gupta , and Walter Mahler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1994

ISBN: 9781451979756

Keywords: petroleum products, fuel oil, automotive diesel, heavy fuel oil, petroleum prices

The domestic taxation of petroleum products is an important source of revenue in most countries. However, there is a wide variation of tax rates on petroleum products across countries, which cannot be explained by...

Climate Change and the Economy

Climate Change and the Economy »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2008

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451922349

Keywords: climate change, emissions, crude oil, opec, oil prices

Commodity Boom: How Long Will It Last?" asks how economies will fare after the record-high prices of key raw materials posted in recent months, which build on dramatic increases from their lows of 2000. The lead ar...

Paying for Climate Change

Paying for Climate Change »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2008

Volume/Issue: 45/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451922349

Keywords: climate change, emissions, crude oil, opec, oil prices

Commodity Boom: How Long Will It Last?" asks how economies will fare after the record-high prices of key raw materials posted in recent months, which build on dramatic increases from their lows of 2000. The lead ar...