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Annex III Adjustment and Recovery in Latin America and the Caribbean

Annex III Adjustment and Recovery in Latin America and the Caribbean »

Source: World Economic Outlook, May 1994

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557753816

Keywords: interest, debt, unemployment, payments, inflation

The onset of the debt crisis in 1982, after a period of expansionary fiscal and monetary policies that resulted in significant domestic and external imbalances, made it clear that a major adjustment effort w...

II Trade Reforms in Fund-Supported Programs

II Trade Reforms in Fund-Supported Programs »

Source: International Trade Policies : Volume II The Uruguay Round and Beyond: Background Papers

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Peter Uimonen , Arvind Subramanian , Naheed Kirmani , Nur Calika , Michael Leidy , and Richard Harmsen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557754578

Keywords: competition, free trade, trade diversion, competition policy, competition policies

Trade reforms are being increasingly featured in the design of adjustment programs supported by Fund resources. This paper reviews the trade policy content of Fund-supported programs approved in the period 1...

CHAPTER III PUBLIC DEBT IN EMERGING MARKETS: IS IT TOO HIGH?

CHAPTER III PUBLIC DEBT IN EMERGING MARKETS: IS IT TOO HIGH? »

Source: World Economic Outlook, September 2003 : Public Debt in Emerging Markets

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2003

ISBN: 9781589062832

Keywords: debt, public debt, exchange rate, external debt, interest

The potential risks associated with high public debt have long been a concern of economic policymakers around the globe. In the industrial countries, the need to strengthen fiscal positions and reduce public...

III Recent Pressures for Protection

III Recent Pressures for Protection »

Source: Trade Policy Developments in Industrial Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Wanda Tseng , Lorenzo Pérez , Zubair Iqbal , and Shailendra Anjaria

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 1981

ISBN: 9781557750822

Keywords: international trade, oil exporting, exporting developing countries, bilateral agreements, quantitative restrictions

Overview This section reviews recent trade actions and other commercial policy developments in selected industrial sectors of the main trading nations. Although not intended to be a...

VI The Postwar Economic Achievement

VI The Postwar Economic Achievement »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 1994

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 October 1994

ISBN: 9781557753854

Keywords: capital inflows, inflation, commodity prices, monetary policy, capital flows

Anniversaries are always a time for reflection on the past and future, and the fiftieth anniversary of the Bretton Woods Conference, which in July 1944 created the framework for international economic relati...

3 Defining, Measuring, and Predicting Soundness

3 Defining, Measuring, and Predicting Soundness »

Source: Bank Soundness and Macroeconomic Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Matthew Saal , Carl-Johan Lindgren , and G. Garcia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755995

Keywords: banking, loans, banking system, interest, banking sector

Bank soundness is a concept commonly used to denote, for example, an ability to withstand adverse events. Nevertheless, its usage is typically imprecise and gives rise to questions...

Fund Support of Member Countries

Fund Support of Member Countries »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1996

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755940

Keywords: inflation, current account, central bank, monetary policy, balance of payments

During 1995/96 the Fund approved commitments under new stand-by arrangements for 19 countries (along with augmentation of access under existing arrangements for 2 other countries), extended arrangements for...

Fund Financial Operations and Policies

Fund Financial Operations and Policies »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1996

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755940

Keywords: inflation, current account, central bank, monetary policy, balance of payments

New commitments of Fund resources under stand-by, extended, and SAF/ESAF arrangements rose to a record level of SDR 19.7 billion in 1995/96, mainly reflecting augmentation of access under Mexico’s stand-by a...

IV Financial Crises: Characteristics and Indicators of Vulnerability

IV Financial Crises: Characteristics and Indicators of Vulnerability »

Source: World Economic Outlook, May 1998 : Financial Crises: Causes and Indicators

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 1998

ISBN: 9781557757401

Keywords: debt, interest, exchange rates, current account, debtor countries

The Financial crises that erupted in east Asia in the second half of 1997 are the latest in a series of such episodes that have been experienced by economies in various regions of the world in recent years....

V The Effect of Globalization on Wages in the Advanced Economies

V The Effect of Globalization on Wages in the Advanced Economies »

Source: Staff Studies for the World Economic Outlook, 1997

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 1998

ISBN: 9781557757012

Keywords: labor standards, inflation, employment, wages, monetary policy

To what extent has “globalization”—the increasing international integration of markets for goods, factors, and teehnology—affected labor markets in the advanced economies? This pape...