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Statement by the IMF Staff Representative March 9, 2012

Statement by the IMF Staff Representative March 9, 2012 »

Source: Belgium : Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2012/55

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 March 2012

ISBN: 9781475502381

Keywords: employment, unemployment, unemployment benefits

This 2011 Article IV Consultation reports that the vulnerability of Belgium's sovereign debt to market pressures makes credible medium-term fiscal consolidation a priority. The 2012 budget includes sizable consolid...

Measuring Energy Security

Measuring Energy Security »

Source: Measuring Energy Security : Trends in the Diversification of Oil and Natural Gas Supplies

Volume/Issue: 2011/39

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Prakash Loungani , Frederick Joutz , and Gail Cohen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2011

ISBN: 9781455217878

Keywords: Energy Security, Energy Independence, Diversification, OECD Energy Use, gas, natural gas, oil and gas, natural gas supplies, gas supplies, Energy: Demand and Supply

We present evidence on one facet of energy security in OECD economies - the extent of diversification in sources of oil and natural gas supplies. Viewed from the perspective of the energy-importing countries as a w...

Republic of Kazakhstan: Selected Issues

Republic of Kazakhstan: Selected Issues »

Source: Republic of Kazakhstan : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2005/240

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 July 2005

ISBN: 9781451820966

Keywords: oil sector, hydrocarbon sector, oil extraction

This Selected Issues paper on the Republic of Kazakhstan underlies growth of the non-oil sector, fiscal management of oil wealth, and bank credit growth. The share of tradables in the non-oil sector has declined si...

Foreign Banks and the Vienna Initiative

Foreign Banks and the Vienna Initiative »

Source: Foreign Banks and the Vienna Initiative : Turning Sinners Into Saints?

Volume/Issue: 2012/117

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ralph De Haas , Yevgeniya Korniyenko , Alexander Pivovarsky , and Elena Loukoianova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2012

ISBN: 9781475503463

Keywords: Foreign Banks, Vienna Initiative, Financial Crisis, State Support, subsidiaries, banking, bank subsidiaries, capital markets, bank lending

We use data on 1,294 banks in Central and Eastern Europe to analyze how bank ownership and creditor coordination in the form of the Vienna Initiative affected credit growth during the 2008-09 crisis. As part of the...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2012 Article IV Consultation with Austria

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2012 Article IV Consultation with Austria »

Source: Austria : 2012 Article IV Consultation: Staff Report; Informational Annex; Statement by the Staff Representative; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Austria

Volume/Issue: 2012/251

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2012

ISBN: 9781475506778

Keywords: retirement, pension, early retirement, health care, retirement age

Austria has relatively strong macroeconomic fundamentals, but also deep ties with the rest of the euro area. The legacy of an overly ambitious eastward financial sector expansion has created substantial challenges...

Bank Insolvency and Stabilization in Eastern Europe

Bank Insolvency and Stabilization in Eastern Europe »

Source: Bank Insolvency and Stabilization in Eastern Europe

Volume/Issue: 1992/9

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1992

ISBN: 9781451927146

Keywords: banking, inflation, banking system, bank insolvency, banking sector

The profound structural reform underway in Eastern Europe has revealed the weakness of the banking sector there; macroeconomic stability and other reforms are thereby threatened. After an overview of recent develop...

European Outlook: Europe: Riding Out the Market Turbulence

European Outlook: Europe: Riding Out the Market Turbulence »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 36 Issue 14

Volume/Issue: 36/14

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2007

ISBN: 9781451938630

Keywords: oil prices, oil demand, spot price, organization of petroleum exporting countries, crude prices

Rising Energy Costs, Liberia to get debt relief, Climate Change, World Economic Outlook, European Economic Outlook, Latin American Economic Outlook, Mideast-Central Asia Economic Outlook, Technical Assistance, Rese...

Austria: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Austria: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Austria : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2000/124

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 2000

ISBN: 9781451802320

Keywords: interest, savings banks, banking sector, financial system, balance sheet

The study describes key features of the Austrian financial system, analyzes current trends in Austrian banking, and discusses appropriate regulatory responses to the changing financial environment. In this paper, t...

Austria

Austria »

Source: Austria : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2000/149

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451802023

Keywords: banking, banking sector, savings bank, joint stock, banking system

The paper describes key features of the Austrian financial system, analyzes current trends in Austrian banking, and discusses appropriate regulatory responses to the changing financial environment. The paper review...

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: Selected Issues

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: Selected Issues »

Source: Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2015/243

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513551395

Keywords: Export competitiveness, Export performance, Fiscal policy, Fiscal sustainability, Selected Issues Papers, Macedonia, former Yugoslav Republic of, environment, trade, incentives, values

This Selected Issues paper analyzes export competitiveness in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYR Macedonia). Export performance in FYR Macedonia has been strong over the last decade, critically contribu...