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  • Congo, Democratic Republic of the x
Republic of Congo: First Review Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility Arrangement, and Requests for Waiver of Performance Criteria and Modification of Performance Criterion

Republic of Congo: First Review Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility Arrangement, and Requests for Waiver of Performance Criteria and Modification of Performance Criterion »

Source: Republic of Congo : First Review Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility Arrangement, and Requests for Waiver of Performance Criteria and Modification of Performance Criterion

Volume/Issue: 2005/301

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 August 2005

ISBN: 9781451808582

Keywords: debt, revenues, budget, debt service, Congo,

The staff report for the First Review Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility on the Republic of Congo highlights economic development and fiscal policy. Reflecting the rise in oil prices, the fiscal and cu...

Republic of Congo

Republic of Congo »

Source: Republic of Congo : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper

Volume/Issue: 2012/242

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 August 2012

ISBN: 9781475505986

Keywords: urban development, business climate, drinking water, land reform, social welfare, Congo,

The government of the Republic of Congo launched a program aimed at consolidating peace and promoting economic and social development. The objectives included improvement of governance and consolidation of peace an...

Relative Price Stability, Creditor Rights, and Financial Deepening

Relative Price Stability, Creditor Rights, and Financial Deepening »

Source: Relative Price Stability, Creditor Rights, and Financial Deepening

Volume/Issue: 2007/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pablo Druck , Alexander Plekhanov , and Mario Dehesa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

ISBN: 9781451867039

Keywords: Private credit, creditor rights, volatility, relative price, relative price variability, high inflation, price stability,

The paper provides a theoretical and cross-country empirical analysis of the determinants of financial deepening, and finds that higher credit-to-GDP ratios are associated with stronger creditor rights and lower in...

Institutional Quality and International Trade

Institutional Quality and International Trade »

Source: Institutional Quality and International Trade

Volume/Issue: 2004/231

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrei Levchenko

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2004

ISBN: 9781451875560

Keywords: institutions, incomplete contracts, institutional quality, factor endowments, factor price, trade opening, Neoclassical Models of Trade, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade and Labor Market Interactions,

The quality of institutions-meaning the quality of contract enforcement, property rights, shareholder protection, and the like-has received a great deal of attention in recent years. The purposes of this paper are...

Petroleum Product Subsidies

Petroleum Product Subsidies »

Source: Petroleum Product Subsidies : Costly, Inequitable, and On the Rise

Volume/Issue: 2010/05

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): John Piotrowski , David Coady , Justin Tyson , Rolando Ossowski , Robert Gillingham , and Shamsuddin Tareq

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 February 2010

ISBN: 9781455239108

Keywords: Commodity price fluctuations, Oil exporting countries, Oil product prices, Oil subsidies, Price stabilization, Fiscal reforms, Governance, Taxes, Subsidies, Petroleum products

Petroleum product subsidies have again started to increase with the rebound in international prices. This note reviews recent developments in subsidy levels and argues that reforming the policy framework for settin...

Can the Natural Resource Curse Be Turned Into a Blessing? The Role of Trade Policies and Institutions1

Can the Natural Resource Curse Be Turned Into a Blessing? The Role of Trade Policies and Institutions1 »

Source: Can the Natural Resource Curse Be Turned Into a Blessing? The Role of Trade Policies and Institutions

Volume/Issue: 2007/55

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , and Frederik van der Ploeg

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781451866193

Keywords: Resource curse, institutions, trade policies, growth performance, income per capita, natural resource, natural resource curse, natural resource revenues, natural resources, natural resource abundance

We criticize existing empirical results on the detrimental effects of natural resource dependence on the rate of economic growth after controlling for institutional quality, openness, and initial income. These resu...

II New Official Financing Flows to Developing Countries

II New Official Financing Flows to Developing Countries »

Source: Official Financing for Developing Countries 1997

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 March 1998

ISBN: 9781557757029

Keywords: debt, creditors, interest, external debt, debt service

Official bilateral financing remains an important source of finance for developing countries, particularly countries with limited access to international capital markets. Analysis of the flows must take into...

III Recent Developments in Export Credits

III Recent Developments in Export Credits »

Source: Official Financing for Developing Countries 1997

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 March 1998

ISBN: 9781557757029

Keywords: debt, creditors, interest, external debt, debt service

Officially supported export credits 6 represent a large share of the external debt of developing countries and economies in transition. In 1996, they accounted for more than 24 pe...

ANNEX 5 Evaluation Survey

ANNEX 5 Evaluation Survey »

Source: The IMF and Aid to Sub-Saharan Africa

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066359

Keywords: expenditures, debt, expenditure, current account, public expenditure

This annex provides background on the evaluation survey. It first provides an overview of the approach followed in preparing the questionnaire and in identifying recipients. The following two sections, respe...

6 Sources of Growth in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: An Econometric Approach

6 Sources of Growth in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: An Econometric Approach »

Source: Postconflict Economics in Sub-Saharan Africa, Lessons from the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Series: Books

Author(s): Jean Clément

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 February 2005

ISBN: 9781589062528

Keywords: civil war, civil wars, military, political instability, real gdp

Section I. Introduction The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), 1 with a large and dynamic population of more than 55 million people, is endowed...