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The Baltic Countries
			: Medium-Term Fiscal Issues Related to EU and NATO Accession

The Baltic Countries : Medium-Term Fiscal Issues Related to EU and NATO Accession »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061040.084

ISBN: 9781589061040

Keywords: fiscal policy, public debt, current account, expenditure, taxation

Ten years after regaining independence, the Baltic Countries--Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania--are expected to be invited to join the European Union (EU) and NATO in 2004. This paper provides a macroeconomic perspec...

Carbon Taxation for International Maritime Fuels: Assessing the Options

Carbon Taxation for International Maritime Fuels: Assessing the Options »

Source: Carbon Taxation for International Maritime Fuels: Assessing the Options

Volume/Issue: 2018/203

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , Dirk Heine , Kelley Kizzier , and Tristan Smith

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2018

ISBN: 9781484374559

Keywords: Maritime emissions, climate mitigation, carbon tax, revenue-neutral feebate, design issues, spreadsheet model, International Marime Organization, Environmental Economics: Government Policy

The International Maritime Organization (IMO) announced in April 2018 a target of cutting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the sector by 50 percent below 2008 levels by 2050 and subsequent meetings of the IMO wi...

The Caribbean: Enhancing Economic Integration

The Caribbean: Enhancing Economic Integration »

Source: The Caribbean : Enhancing Economic Integration

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Sanjaya Panth , Paul Cashin , and W. Bauer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 October 2008

ISBN: 9781589067936

Keywords: tax incentives, fdi, preference erosion, trade preferences, exporting countries

The Caribbean has made substantial progress in recent years in implementing economic reforms, both at the national and regional level. The Caribbean: Enhancing Economic Integration examines the product of the effor...

From Stimulus to Consolidation: Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

From Stimulus to Consolidation: Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Source: From Stimulus to Consolidation : Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Juan Toro R. , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2010

ISBN: 9781616350420

Keywords: pension, retirement, tax rates, pensions, taxation

This paper identifies policy tools that could be used for fiscal consolidation in advanced and emerging economies in the years ahead. The consolidation strategy, particularly in advanced countries, should aim to st...

Climate Policy and the Recovery

Climate Policy and the Recovery »

Source: Climate Policy and the Recovery

Volume/Issue: 2009/28

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Michael Keen , and Benjamin Jones

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 December 2009

ISBN: 9781455220946

Keywords: Climatic changes, Climate change, fiscal policy, carbon taxation, emissions trading, fiscal stimulus, emissions, carbon pricing, greenhouse gas, greenhouse gases

...

Canada's Carbon Price Floor

Canada's Carbon Price Floor »

Source: Canada's Carbon Price Floor

Volume/Issue: 2018/42

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , and Victor Mylonas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2018

ISBN: 9781484345191

Keywords: Western Hemisphere, Canada, carbon price, price floor, welfare impacts, incidence, effective carbon price, competitiveness impacts, Environmental Economics: Government Policy

The pan-Canadian approach to carbon pricing, announced in October 2016, ensures that carbon pricing applies throughout Canada in 2018, with increasing stringency over time to reduce emissions. Canadian provinces an...

Economic Diversification in the GCC

Economic Diversification in the GCC »

Source: Economic Diversification in the GCC : Past, Present, and Future

Volume/Issue: 2014/12

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Tim Callen , Reda Cherif , Fuad Hasanov , Amgad Hegazy , and Padamja Khandelwal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2014

ISBN: 9781498303231

Keywords: Export diversification, Exports, Bahrain, Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf, Cross country analysis, Economic growth, Oil revenues, Oman, Private sector, Saudi Arabia

Abstract: The economies of the six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries are heavily reliant on oil. Greater economic diversification would reduce their exposure to volatility and uncertainty in the global oil m...

IV The Experience of Earlier Accession Countries

IV The Experience of Earlier Accession Countries »

Source: The Baltic Countries : Medium-Term Fiscal Issues Related to EU and NATO Accession

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589061040

Keywords: fiscal policy, public debt, current account, expenditure, taxation

In their drive to join the EU, the Baltics face fiscal challenges similar to those of the countries that joined in the past three decades and had incomes below the EU average. Such countries were Greece, Ire...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: The Impact of the European Community's internal Market on the EFTA : Occa Paper No.74

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 December 1990

ISBN: 9781557751744

The member states of the European Community (EC) and the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) have a special relationship based on geographic proximity, a shared history, common values and—as many see it—a...

III Institutional and Legal Issues

III Institutional and Legal Issues »

Source: The Impact of the European Community's internal Market on the EFTA : Occa Paper No.74

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 December 1990

ISBN: 9781557751744

A number of institutional and legal issues arise as a result of efforts toward intensified EC-EFTA cooperation. There is a need for increased mutual recognition in civil law, particularly with regard to comm...