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World Economic Outlook, April 2003
			: Growth and Institutions

World Economic Outlook, April 2003 : Growth and Institutions »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589062122.081

ISBN: 9781589062122

Keywords: unemployment, debt, interest, external financing, payments

The World Economic Outlook, published twice a year in English, French, Spanish, and Arabic, presents IMF staff economists' analyses of global economic developments during the near and medium term. Chapters give an...

World Economic Outlook, September 2006
			: Financial Systems and Economic Cycles

World Economic Outlook, September 2006 : Financial Systems and Economic Cycles »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589065987.081

ISBN: 9781589065987

Keywords: debt, financial systems, interest, productivity growth, payments

The IMF's World Economic Outlook is packed with country specific facts, figures, and worldwide projections that present the outlook for growth, inflation, trade, and other economic developments in a clear, practica...

Belgium

Belgium »

Source: Belgium : Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2012/55

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 March 2012

ISBN: 9781475502381

Keywords: employment, unemployment, unemployment benefits

This 2011 Article IV Consultation reports that the vulnerability of Belgium's sovereign debt to market pressures makes credible medium-term fiscal consolidation a priority. The 2012 budget includes sizable consolid...

Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan »

Source: Turkmenistan : Background Paper and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 1995/27

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 1995

ISBN: 9781451837209

Keywords: gas, wage, minimum wage, wages

This Background Paper and Statistical Appendix for Turkmenistan examines the developments since November 1993, when the manat was introduced as the national currency. Developments in the real sector and systemic re...

France: 2013 Article IV Consultation

France: 2013 Article IV Consultation »

Source: France : 2013 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2013/251

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 August 2013

ISBN: 9781475571868

Keywords: fiscal consolidation, structural fiscal, fiscal adjustment, tax incentives, tax wedge

This 2013 Article IV Consultation highlights that in a context of weakening economic conditions in Europe and sizeable fiscal consolidation and domestic policy uncertainty, the French economy flat lined in 2012. Ho...

Slovenia

Slovenia »

Source: Slovenia : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1998/19

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 1998

ISBN: 9781451835601

Keywords: foreign exchange, wages, wage, bank of slovenia, banking

This paper reviews economic developments in the Republic of Slovenia during 1990-97. Output began to recover in 1993, and by 1996, Slovenia's GDP was back to its pre-independence level. Domestic demand was the main...

How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries’ Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits

How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries’ Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits »

Source: How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries' Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits

Volume/Issue: 2014/174

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , Chandara Veung , and Dirk Heine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2014

ISBN: 9781498358279

Keywords: carbon pricing, co-benefits, air pollution, fuel taxes, top twenty emitters, benefits, natural gas, fossil fuel, greenhouse gas, Government Policy

This paper calculates, for the top twenty emitting countries, how much pricing of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions is in their own national interests due to domestic co-benefits (leaving aside the global climate bene...

CHAPTER IV UNEMPLOYMENT AND LABOR MARKET INSTITUTIONS: WHY REFORMS PAY OFF

CHAPTER IV UNEMPLOYMENT AND LABOR MARKET INSTITUTIONS: WHY REFORMS PAY OFF »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2003 : Growth and Institutions

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589062122

Keywords: unemployment, debt, interest, external financing, payments

The persistence of high unemployment in a number of industrial countries—notably in continental Europe—is arguably one of the most striking economic policy failures of the last two decades. A wide range of a...

CHAPTER II WHEN BUBBLES BURST

CHAPTER II WHEN BUBBLES BURST »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2003 : Growth and Institutions

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589062122

Keywords: unemployment, debt, interest, external financing, payments

This chapter contains two essays on the macroeconomic and financial after effects of the bursting of an asset price bubble. This issue is topical given the large and persistent decline in equity prices since...

CHAPTER III GROWTH AND INSTITUTIONS

CHAPTER III GROWTH AND INSTITUTIONS »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2003 : Growth and Institutions

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589062122

Keywords: unemployment, debt, interest, external financing, payments

The importance of institutions for economic development and growth has long been understood—emphasized, for example, in the writings of Adam Smith and, more recently, David Landes (1998), and recognized in t...