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Climate and Economic Development: Is the location of many developing countries in the tropics a cause of their poverty?

Climate and Economic Development: Is the location of many developing countries in the tropics a cause of their poverty? »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1973

Volume/Issue: 10/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1973

ISBN: 9781616353124

Keywords: economic development, temperate zone, soils, tropical soils, tropical areas

This paper reviews the influence of the tropical climate on economic development. The paper highlights that the effect of climate is clearly not the only ruling constraint on economic development. It is claimed tha...

Petroleum Product Subsidies

Petroleum Product Subsidies »

Source: Petroleum Product Subsidies : Costly, Inequitable, and On the Rise

Volume/Issue: 2010/05

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): John Piotrowski , David Coady , Justin Tyson , Rolando Ossowski , Robert Gillingham , and Shamsuddin Tareq

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 February 2010

ISBN: 9781455239108

Keywords: Commodity price fluctuations, Oil exporting countries, Oil product prices, Oil subsidies, Price stabilization, Fiscal reforms, Governance, Taxes, Subsidies, Petroleum products

Petroleum product subsidies have again started to increase with the rebound in international prices. This note reviews recent developments in subsidy levels and argues that reforming the policy framework for settin...

From Ambition to Execution

From Ambition to Execution »

Source: From Ambition to Execution : Policies in Support of Sustainable Development Goals

Volume/Issue: 2015/18

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Stefania Fabrizio , Rodrigo Garcia-Verdu , Catherine Pattillo , Adrian Peralta-Alva , Andrea Presbitero , Baoping Shang , Genevieve Verdier , Marie-Therese Camilleri , Kazuaki Washimi , Lisa Kolovich , Monique Newiak , Martin Cihak , Inci Otker , Luis-Felipe Zanna , and Carol Baker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513573304

Keywords: Inclusive growth, Income inequality, Gender, Environmental sustainability, Sustainable development, Fiscal policy, Developing countries, sustainable development goals, growth, structural transformation

The formal launch of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) sets the global development agenda through 2030, placing significant emphasis on promoting social and environmental sustainability alongside economic gr...

7 Government-Donor Partnerships: Mozambique as a Model of Donor Coordination

7 Government-Donor Partnerships: Mozambique as a Model of Donor Coordination »

Source: Post-Stabilization Economics in Sub-Saharan Africa : Lessons from Mozambique

Series: Books

Author(s): Shanaka Peiris , and Jean Clément

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2008

ISBN: 9781589066779

Keywords: exchange rate, inflation, monetary policy, budget support, real exchange rate

Mozambique’s model of donor coordination has considerably improved aid effectiveness, holding lessons for sub-Saharan Africa. In 2006, the Mozambican government formulated its second poverty reduction strate...

V Debt Restructuring by Official Bilateral Creditors

V Debt Restructuring by Official Bilateral Creditors »

Source: Official Financing for Developing Countries 1997

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 March 1998

ISBN: 9781557757029

Keywords: debt, creditors, interest, external debt, debt service

Paris Club Reschedulings, August 1995–September 1997 Since August 1995, Paris Club creditors have concluded 23 rescheduling agreements, involving debt-service obligations and arrears...

5 Economic Performance Over the Conflict Cycle

5 Economic Performance Over the Conflict Cycle »

Source: Postconflict Economics in Sub-Saharan Africa, Lessons from the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Series: Books

Author(s): Jean Clément

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 February 2005

ISBN: 9781589062528

Keywords: civil war, civil wars, military, political instability, real gdp

Section I. Introduction Poverty and armed conflict are closely connected, so the poorest countries face the prospect of being caught in a “conflict trap” of poverty and recurring con...

APPENDIX VII Executive Directors and Voting Power on April 30, 2001

APPENDIX VII Executive Directors and Voting Power on April 30, 2001 »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2001 : Making the Global Economy Work for All

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2001

ISBN: 9781589060623

Keywords: interest, debt, payments, loans, financial statements

Director Alternate Casting Votes of Votes byCount...

Appendix VII. Executive Directors and Voting Power on April 30, 1999

Appendix VII. Executive Directors and Voting Power on April 30, 1999 »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1999

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 1999

ISBN: 9781451945232

Keywords: interest, debt, payments, loans, external debt

DirectorAlternate CastingVotes of Votes byCountry TotalVotes...

APPENDIX VIII Changes in Membership of the Executive Board

APPENDIX VIII Changes in Membership of the Executive Board »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2001 : Making the Global Economy Work for All

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2001

ISBN: 9781589060623

Keywords: interest, debt, payments, loans, financial statements

Changes in membership of the Executive Board between May 1, 2000, and April 30, 2001, were as follows: Agustin Carstens completed his term of service as Executive Director for Costa Rica, El Salvado...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: Managing the Oil Revenue Boom : The Role of Fiscal Institutions

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mauricio Villafuerte , Rolando Ossowski , Theo Thomas , and Paulo Medas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589067189

Keywords: Financial institutions, Oil revenues, oil-producing countries, fiscal policy, oil prices, fiscal rules

Oil-producing countries have benefited from rising oil prices in recent years, with important implications for their external and fiscal balances. The average price of oil tripled from US$18 a barrel in 1999...