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Cyprus

Cyprus »

Source: Cyprus : Detailed Assessments of Observance of Standards and Codes for Banking Supervision, Insurance Supervision, and Securities Regulation

Volume/Issue: 2006/376

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 October 2006

ISBN: 9781451809886

Keywords: banking, banking supervision, supervisory authority, banking supervisors, internal control

The Compliance of the Basel Core Principles welcomes the assessors' recognition of the overall quality and effectiveness of Cyprus's banking regulatory and supervisory framework in place, and the resulting high deg...

Armenia

Armenia »

Source: Armenia : Recent Economic Developments and Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 1999/128

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 November 1999

ISBN: 9781451801439

Keywords: banking, banking system, foreign exchange, tax revenues, tax system

This paper reports economic developments in the Republic of Armenia during 1998-99. Prior to August 1998, real GDP growth was strong, inflation had declined to moderate levels, the current account deficit was decli...

Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan »

Source: Turkmenistan : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1998/81

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 1998

ISBN: 9781451837230

Keywords: gas, foreign exchange, banking, banking system, interest rates

This paper reviews economic developments in Turkmenistan during 1994-98. Turkmenistan reduced gas exports and suffered a decline in real GDP of close to 40 percent during 1993-95. At the same time, it stepped up fo...

5 Macroeconomic Consequences of an Unsound Banking System

5 Macroeconomic Consequences of an Unsound Banking System »

Source: Bank Soundness and Macroeconomic Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Matthew Saal , Carl-Johan Lindgren , and G. Garcia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755995

Keywords: banking, loans, banking system, interest, banking sector

A banking system that is in distress can distort allocative efficiency and macroeconomic policy implementation, even though it can continue to function as long as it remains liquid....

6 Operating Environment

6 Operating Environment »

Source: Bank Soundness and Macroeconomic Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Matthew Saal , Carl-Johan Lindgren , and G. Garcia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755995

Keywords: banking, loans, banking system, interest, banking sector

The analysis and case studies that have been presented in Chapter 5 make a compelling case that a sound banking sector is critical for macroeconomic stability. The effects of system...

7 Internal Governance

7 Internal Governance »

Source: Bank Soundness and Macroeconomic Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Matthew Saal , Carl-Johan Lindgren , and G. Garcia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755995

Keywords: banking, loans, banking system, interest, banking sector

The primary responsibility for keeping individual banks sound lies with each bank’s owners, directors, and managers. Together they must establish a framework of internal controls an...

8 External Governance: Market Discipline

8 External Governance: Market Discipline »

Source: Bank Soundness and Macroeconomic Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Matthew Saal , Carl-Johan Lindgren , and G. Garcia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755995

Keywords: banking, loans, banking system, interest, banking sector

When internal governance fails to ensure the soundness of banks, private and public sector creditors of banks must themselves strive to ensure that their interests are not jeopardiz...

4 Macroeconomic Causes of Bank Unsoundness

4 Macroeconomic Causes of Bank Unsoundness »

Source: Bank Soundness and Macroeconomic Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Matthew Saal , Carl-Johan Lindgren , and G. Garcia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755995

Keywords: banking, loans, banking system, interest, banking sector

The linkage between macroeconomic policy and microeconomic structures and policies runs in both directions: microeconomic structures affect macroeconomic performance, and macroecono...

9 External Governance: Regulation and Supervision

9 External Governance: Regulation and Supervision »

Source: Bank Soundness and Macroeconomic Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Matthew Saal , Carl-Johan Lindgren , and G. Garcia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755995

Keywords: banking, loans, banking system, interest, banking sector

The previous chapters have described how the primary responsibility for the oversight of banks lies with their owners and managers; there is no substitute for adequate internal gove...

10 Challenges Confronting Regulation and Supervision

10 Challenges Confronting Regulation and Supervision »

Source: Bank Soundness and Macroeconomic Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Matthew Saal , Carl-Johan Lindgren , and G. Garcia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755995

Keywords: banking, loans, banking system, interest, banking sector

The design and implementation of regulatory and supervisory policies for banks present a number of challenges, including the need to carefully direct policy toward legitimate and ac...