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Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan »

Source: Turkmenistan : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1998/81

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 1998

ISBN: 9781451837230

Keywords: gas, foreign exchange, banking, banking system, interest rates

This paper reviews economic developments in Turkmenistan during 1994-98. Turkmenistan reduced gas exports and suffered a decline in real GDP of close to 40 percent during 1993-95. At the same time, it stepped up fo...

Turkmenistan
			: Recent Economic Developments

Turkmenistan : Recent Economic Developments »

Volume/Issue: 1998/81

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451837230.002

ISBN: 9781451837230

Keywords: gas, foreign exchange, banking, banking system, interest rates

This paper reviews economic developments in Turkmenistan during 1994-98. Turkmenistan reduced gas exports and suffered a decline in real GDP of close to 40 percent during 1993-95. At the same time, it stepped up fo...

Islamic Banking

Islamic Banking »

Source: Islamic Banking : Issues in Prudential Regulations and Supervision

Volume/Issue: 1998/30

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luca Errico , and Mitra Farahbaksh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1998

ISBN: 9781451980417

Keywords: Islamic Banking, Prudential Regulations, Banking Supervision, banking, islamic banks, mudaraba

This paper analyzes the implications of Islamic precepts on banks’ structure and activities, focusing on banking supervision issues. It points out and discusses these issues in the context of a paradigm vers...

Armenia

Armenia »

Source: Armenia : Recent Economic Developments and Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 1999/128

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 November 1999

ISBN: 9781451801439

Keywords: banking, banking system, foreign exchange, tax revenues, tax system

This paper reports economic developments in the Republic of Armenia during 1998-99. Prior to August 1998, real GDP growth was strong, inflation had declined to moderate levels, the current account deficit was decli...

Natural Gas, Public Investment and Debt Sustainability in Mozambique1

Natural Gas, Public Investment and Debt Sustainability in Mozambique1 »

Source: Natural Gas, Public Investment and Debt Sustainability in Mozambique

Volume/Issue: 2013/261

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Giovanni Melina , and Yi Xiong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2013

ISBN: 9781484326404

Keywords: Debt sustainability, Public investment, DIGNAR Author&;amp;#x2019;s E-Mail, banking, banking crises, banking sector, return on equity, bank runs, General, Exhaustible Resources and Economic Development

Mozambique has great potential in natural gas reserves and if liquefied/commercialized the sum of taxes and other fiscal revenue from natural gas will, at its peak, reach roughly one third of total fiscal revenue....

Foreign Banks and the Vienna Initiative

Foreign Banks and the Vienna Initiative »

Source: Foreign Banks and the Vienna Initiative : Turning Sinners Into Saints?

Volume/Issue: 2012/117

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ralph De Haas , Yevgeniya Korniyenko , Alexander Pivovarsky , and Elena Loukoianova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2012

ISBN: 9781475503463

Keywords: Foreign Banks, Vienna Initiative, Financial Crisis, State Support, subsidiaries, banking, bank subsidiaries, capital markets, bank lending

We use data on 1,294 banks in Central and Eastern Europe to analyze how bank ownership and creditor coordination in the form of the Vienna Initiative affected credit growth during the 2008-09 crisis. As part of the...

2 Macroeconomic Developments in 1995 and Early 1996

2 Macroeconomic Developments in 1995 and Early 1996 »

Source: Central Bank Reform in the Transition Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1997

ISBN: 9781557756084

Keywords: national bank, banking, central bank, foreign exchange, banking system

The key to the broad-based macroeconomic stabilization that has taken hold since early 1995 has been a deeper understanding among the authorities of the role of strict financial pol...

5 Foreign Exchange Operations, Markets, and Reserve Management

5 Foreign Exchange Operations, Markets, and Reserve Management »

Source: Central Bank Reform in the Transition Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1997

ISBN: 9781557756084

Keywords: national bank, banking, central bank, foreign exchange, banking system

Over the last four years, the transition countries have, on the whole, moved substantially toward more market-based exchange rate arrangements, with a view to promoting both greater...

4 Monetary Operations, Money Markets, and Public Debt Management

4 Monetary Operations, Money Markets, and Public Debt Management »

Source: Central Bank Reform in the Transition Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1997

ISBN: 9781557756084

Keywords: national bank, banking, central bank, foreign exchange, banking system

Transition economies have on the whole made good progress in introducing indirect monetary policy instruments, but much still remains to be done to bring monetary operations to mode...

3 Main Issues and Challenges in Designing Bank-Restructuring Strategies

3 Main Issues and Challenges in Designing Bank-Restructuring Strategies »

Source: Central Bank Reform in the Transition Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1997

ISBN: 9781557756084

Keywords: national bank, banking, central bank, foreign exchange, banking system

Until the late 1980s, the financial sector of the transition countries was characterized by a banking system in which the central bank dominated the financial sector. The savings ba...