Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 7 of 7 items :

  • Turkmenistan x
  • Business and Economy x
  • Keywords: debt x
Clear All
11 Low Pressure, High Tension: The Energy-Water Nexus in the CIS-7 Countries

11 Low Pressure, High Tension: The Energy-Water Nexus in the CIS-7 Countries »

Source: The Low-Income Countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States : Progress and Challenges in Transition

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Sarosh Sattar , and Clinton Shiells

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063211

Keywords: debt, external debt, expenditures, current account, transition economies

Overview Energy and water have emerged as critical issues for the CIS-7 countries—Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, the Kyrgyz Republic, Moldova, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan—and their nei...

1 Overview

1 Overview »

Source: The Low-Income Countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States : Progress and Challenges in Transition

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Sarosh Sattar , and Clinton Shiells

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063211

Keywords: debt, external debt, expenditures, current account, transition economies

Introduction After the breakup of the Soviet Union, the CIS-7 faced exceptional challenges in building new states, democratic institutions, and market economies. All of the CIS-7 sta...

2 Debt Accumulation in the CIS-7 Countries: Bad Luck, Bad Policies, or Bad Advice?

2 Debt Accumulation in the CIS-7 Countries: Bad Luck, Bad Policies, or Bad Advice? »

Source: The Low-Income Countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States : Progress and Challenges in Transition

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Sarosh Sattar , and Clinton Shiells

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063211

Keywords: debt, external debt, expenditures, current account, transition economies

Introduction With the exception of Azerbaijan, which is a net energy exporter, the other low-income CIS countries—Armenia, Georgia, the Kyrgyz Republic, Moldova, Tajikistan, and Uzbe...

8 Political Obstacles to Economic Reform in Uzbekistan, the Kyrgyz Republic, and Tajikistan: Strategies for Moving Ahead

8 Political Obstacles to Economic Reform in Uzbekistan, the Kyrgyz Republic, and Tajikistan: Strategies for Moving Ahead »

Source: The Low-Income Countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States : Progress and Challenges in Transition

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Sarosh Sattar , and Clinton Shiells

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063211

Keywords: debt, external debt, expenditures, current account, transition economies

Several key political obstacles to economic reform have been identified in what has become a burgeoning literature on the political economy of reform. The overriding focus of this l...

10 The Integration of Low-Income CIS-7 Countries into the World Trading System

10 The Integration of Low-Income CIS-7 Countries into the World Trading System »

Source: The Low-Income Countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States : Progress and Challenges in Transition

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Sarosh Sattar , and Clinton Shiells

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063211

Keywords: debt, external debt, expenditures, current account, transition economies

More effective integration into the world trading system is part of the transition from central planning to markets. Based on market forces, international trade promotes more effici...

VII Will the State and Local Budget Crisis Hinder Economic Growth?

VII Will the State and Local Budget Crisis Hinder Economic Growth? »

Source: U.S. Fiscal Policies and Priorities for Long-Run Sustainability

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Martin Mühleisen , and Christopher Towe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 January 2004

ISBN: 9781589062955

Keywords: Economic growth, medicare, tax cuts, health care, public debt, fiscal policy

Following a decade of strong revenue growth and significant surpluses, state and local governments (SLGs) are now facing significant budget shortfalls for a third consecutive year. At a time when the federal...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: The Baltic Countries : Medium-Term Fiscal Issues Related to EU and NATO Accession

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589061040

Keywords: fiscal policy, public debt, current account, expenditure, taxation

Ten years after regaining independence, the Baltic Countries--Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania--are expected to be invited to join the European Union (EU) and NATO in 2004. This paper provides a macroeconomic perspec...