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CHAPTER I GLOBALIZATION AND GROWTH IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY

CHAPTER I GLOBALIZATION AND GROWTH IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY »

Source: World Economic Outlook 2000 : Supporting Studies

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451944242

Keywords: exchange rate, gold, exchange rates, unemployment, real exchange rate

This chapter reviews the experience of economic growth during the twentieth century in the context of trends in globalization and with a view to highlighting implications relevant to early twenty-first centu...

6 The Challenge and Experience of Economic Liberalization and Reform

6 The Challenge and Experience of Economic Liberalization and Reform »

Source: Fifty Years After Bretton Woods : The Future of the IMF and the World Bank: Proceedings of a Conference held in Madrid, Spain, September 29-30, 1994

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 April 1995

ISBN: 9781557754875

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, structural adjustment, world economy, adjustment programs

Liu Zhongli I am very pleased to address this session focusing on economic reform, because China itself has been undertaking broad and deep reforms. Over the past 15 years, China has...

7 Government-Donor Partnerships: Mozambique as a Model of Donor Coordination

7 Government-Donor Partnerships: Mozambique as a Model of Donor Coordination »

Source: Post-Stabilization Economics in Sub-Saharan Africa : Lessons from Mozambique

Series: Books

Author(s): Shanaka Peiris , and Jean Clément

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2008

ISBN: 9781589066779

Keywords: exchange rate, inflation, monetary policy, budget support, real exchange rate

Mozambique’s model of donor coordination has considerably improved aid effectiveness, holding lessons for sub-Saharan Africa. In 2006, the Mozambican government formulated its second poverty reduction strate...

Available on the web

Available on the web »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 32, Issue 05

Volume/Issue: 32/5

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 March 2003

ISBN: 9781451935233

Keywords: oil prices, oil sector, exchange rate, fiscal policy, real exchange

Russia’s unexpectedly strong recovery since its 1998 crisis has left people wondering whether it is just a temporary result of higher oil prices and the postcrisis depreciation of the ruble or a sign ofdurab...

Chapter III. HOW WILL DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE AFFECT THE GLOBAL ECONOMY?

Chapter III. HOW WILL DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE AFFECT THE GLOBAL ECONOMY? »

Source: World Economic Outlook, September 2004 : The Global Demographic Transition

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589064065

Keywords: debt, interest, exchange rate, oil prices, payments

It seems possible that a society in which the proportion of young people is diminishing will become dangerously unprogressive, falling behind other communities not o...

Statistical Appendix

Statistical Appendix »

Source: World Economic Outlook, September 2004 : The Global Demographic Transition

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589064065

Keywords: debt, interest, exchange rate, oil prices, payments

The statistical appendix presents historical data, as well as projections. It comprises five sections: Assumptions, What’s New, Data and Conventions, Classification of Countries, an...

II Trade Policy Developments, 1990–93

II Trade Policy Developments, 1990–93 »

Source: International Trade Policies : The Uruguay Round and Beyond, Volume I. Principal Issues

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Richard Harmsen , Peter Uimonen , Naheed Kirmani , and Michael Leidy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557754691

Keywords: trade liberalization, uruguay round, international trade, exchange rate, trade restrictions

During 1990–93, the growth of trade (as measured by trade volumes) outstripped the increase in real GDP, in line with the trend toward increased integration of the world economy over most of the past three d...

II Convertibility of Currencies for Current International Payments and Transfers

II Convertibility of Currencies for Current International Payments and Transfers »

Source: Exchange Rate Arrangements and Currency Convertibility : Developments and Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): R. Johnston , and Mark Swinburne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 1999

ISBN: 9781557757951

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, interbank market

Developments in the convertibility of members’ currencies for current payments and transfers over the period 1993–97 have clearly been toward more liberal exchange systems for payments and transfers for curr...

V Progress with Fiscal Reform in Countries in Transition

V Progress with Fiscal Reform in Countries in Transition »

Source: World Economic Outlook, May 1998 : Financial Crises: Causes and Indicators

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 1998

ISBN: 9781557757401

Keywords: debt, interest, exchange rates, current account, debtor countries

This chapter focuses on the role of fiscal policy in macroeconomic adjustments in the transition countries. Attaining reasonable balance in fiscal positions has played a crucial role in the initial achieveme...

IV Developments in Exchange Rate Arrangements and Markets

IV Developments in Exchange Rate Arrangements and Markets »

Source: Exchange Rate Arrangements and Currency Convertibility : Developments and Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): R. Johnston , and Mark Swinburne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 1999

ISBN: 9781557757951

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, interbank market

According to the IMF’s official classification of exchange arrangements, there has been a gradual move away from pegged regimes into more flexible arrangements. This classification scheme has, however, a num...