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Working Paper: Aging population threatens Austria’s welfare state

Working Paper: Aging population threatens Austria’s welfare state »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 32, Issue 05

Volume/Issue: 32/5

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 March 2003

ISBN: 9781451935233

Keywords: oil prices, oil sector, exchange rate, fiscal policy, real exchange

Russia’s unexpectedly strong recovery since its 1998 crisis has left people wondering whether it is just a temporary result of higher oil prices and the postcrisis depreciation of the ruble or a sign ofdurab...

CHAPTER VI EMU CHALLENGES TO EUROPEAN LABOR MARKETS

CHAPTER VI EMU CHALLENGES TO EUROPEAN LABOR MARKETS »

Source: World Economic Outlook 2000 : Supporting Studies

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451944242

Keywords: exchange rate, gold, exchange rates, unemployment, real exchange rate

On “E-day,” January 1, 1999, phase 3 of the Economic and Monetary Union—EMU for short 1 —became reality. The euro area comprises all European Union member states and Sweden, Denmar...

CHAPTER I GLOBALIZATION AND GROWTH IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY

CHAPTER I GLOBALIZATION AND GROWTH IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY »

Source: World Economic Outlook 2000 : Supporting Studies

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451944242

Keywords: exchange rate, gold, exchange rates, unemployment, real exchange rate

This chapter reviews the experience of economic growth during the twentieth century in the context of trends in globalization and with a view to highlighting implications relevant to early twenty-first centu...

CHAPTER II THE INTERNATIONAL MONETARY SYSTEM IN THE (VERY) LONG RUN

CHAPTER II THE INTERNATIONAL MONETARY SYSTEM IN THE (VERY) LONG RUN »

Source: World Economic Outlook 2000 : Supporting Studies

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451944242

Keywords: exchange rate, gold, exchange rates, unemployment, real exchange rate

The dawn of the new millennium is an appropriate time to take stock of the evolution of the international monetary system. In most of the literature on this subject, a long view is anything that considers th...

CHAPTER III CURRENCY CRISES: IN SEARCH OF COMMON ELEMENTS

CHAPTER III CURRENCY CRISES: IN SEARCH OF COMMON ELEMENTS »

Source: World Economic Outlook 2000 : Supporting Studies

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451944242

Keywords: exchange rate, gold, exchange rates, unemployment, real exchange rate

The financial crisis that erupted in east Asia in the second half of 1997 was the latest in a series of currency crises that at various times in the post–Bretton Woods period have engulfed emerging market ec...

1 The International Legal Environment of Exchange Rates

1 The International Legal Environment of Exchange Rates »

Source: Legal Effects of Fluctuating Exchange Rates

Series: Books

Author(s): Joseph Gold

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1990

ISBN: 9781475506921

Keywords: currency, currencies, exchange, exchange rates, exchange rate

Original Articles of IMF and Amendments The Articles of Agreement (Articles) of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the practices of the IMF under that treaty are the principal...

Exchange Rate Determinants in Russia: 1992-1993

Exchange Rate Determinants in Russia: 1992-1993 »

Source: Exchange Rate Determinants in Russia : 1992-1993

Volume/Issue: 1994/66

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vincent Koen , and Eric Meyermans

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1994

ISBN: 9781451848755

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, inflation, foreign exchange market, exchange rates

This paper examines the evolution of the exchange rate of the ruble vis-à-vis the U.S. dollar from exchange rate unification, in July 1992, to the end of 1993. The expected and actual paths of the exchange r...

The Global Environment Facility

The Global Environment Facility »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1991

Volume/Issue: 28/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1991

ISBN: 9781451953046

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary policy, exchange rates, monetary authorities, exchange rate regime

European Community member states now face critical decisions on the design and implementation of monetary policy...

16. The Design of Macroeconomic Policy in the World Economy

16. The Design of Macroeconomic Policy in the World Economy »

Source: International Financial Policy : Essays in honor of Jacques J. Polak

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1991

ISBN: 9781557751966

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary fund, current account, exchange rates, inflation

I. Introduction and Background Dissatisfaction with the macroeconomic performance of the world economy, particularly from the early 1970s, has been the catalyst for a great variety o...

6 The Challenge and Experience of Economic Liberalization and Reform

6 The Challenge and Experience of Economic Liberalization and Reform »

Source: Fifty Years After Bretton Woods : The Future of the IMF and the World Bank: Proceedings of a Conference held in Madrid, Spain, September 29-30, 1994

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 April 1995

ISBN: 9781557754875

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, structural adjustment, world economy, adjustment programs

Liu Zhongli I am very pleased to address this session focusing on economic reform, because China itself has been undertaking broad and deep reforms. Over the past 15 years, China has...