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CHAPTER I GLOBALIZATION AND GROWTH IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY

CHAPTER I GLOBALIZATION AND GROWTH IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY »

Source: World Economic Outlook 2000 : Supporting Studies

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451944242

Keywords: exchange rate, gold, exchange rates, unemployment, real exchange rate

This chapter reviews the experience of economic growth during the twentieth century in the context of trends in globalization and with a view to highlighting implications relevant to early twenty-first centu...

CHAPTER III CURRENCY CRISES: IN SEARCH OF COMMON ELEMENTS

CHAPTER III CURRENCY CRISES: IN SEARCH OF COMMON ELEMENTS »

Source: World Economic Outlook 2000 : Supporting Studies

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451944242

Keywords: exchange rate, gold, exchange rates, unemployment, real exchange rate

The financial crisis that erupted in east Asia in the second half of 1997 was the latest in a series of currency crises that at various times in the post–Bretton Woods period have engulfed emerging market ec...

CHAPTER VI EMU CHALLENGES TO EUROPEAN LABOR MARKETS

CHAPTER VI EMU CHALLENGES TO EUROPEAN LABOR MARKETS »

Source: World Economic Outlook 2000 : Supporting Studies

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451944242

Keywords: exchange rate, gold, exchange rates, unemployment, real exchange rate

On “E-day,” January 1, 1999, phase 3 of the Economic and Monetary Union—EMU for short 1 —became reality. The euro area comprises all European Union member states and Sweden, Denmar...

1 The International Legal Environment of Exchange Rates

1 The International Legal Environment of Exchange Rates »

Source: Legal Effects of Fluctuating Exchange Rates

Series: Books

Author(s): Joseph Gold

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1990

ISBN: 9781475506921

Keywords: currency, currencies, exchange, exchange rates, exchange rate

Original Articles of IMF and Amendments The Articles of Agreement (Articles) of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the practices of the IMF under that treaty are the principal...

Copper and the Chilean Economy, 1960-98

Copper and the Chilean Economy, 1960-98 »

Source: Copper and the Chilean Economy, 1960-98

Volume/Issue: 1999/57

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio Spilimbergo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1999

ISBN: 9781451847758

Keywords: copper prices, exchange rate, real exchange rate, copper, foreign investment

The paper concludes that world copper prices play an important role in short-term fluctuations and probably influence long-term growth of the Chilean economy. While many mechanisms may be at work, investment seems...

V Macroeconomic Environment

V Macroeconomic Environment »

Source: IMF-Supported Programs in Indonesia, Korea and Thailand

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Timothy Lane , Marianne Schulze-Gattas , Tsidi Tsikata , Steven Phillips , Atish Ghosh , and A. Hamann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757838

Keywords: exchange rate, current account, exchange rates, inflation, crisis countries

The Asian crisis plunged the countries affected into deep recessions. As of October 1998, real GDP was estimated to decline in 1998 by 7 percent in Korea, 8 percent in Thailand, and 15 percent in Indonesia....

8 Adjustment and Economic Growth

8 Adjustment and Economic Growth »

Source: Fifty Years After Bretton Woods : The Future of the IMF and the World Bank: Proceedings of a Conference held in Madrid, Spain, September 29-30, 1994

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 April 1995

ISBN: 9781557754875

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, structural adjustment, world economy, adjustment programs

Tony Killick Good Policies, Weak Results I start with a paradox: the thrust of the policies favored by the Bretton Woods institutions has had demonstra...

1 Introduction and Overview

1 Introduction and Overview »

Source: Fifty Years After Bretton Woods : The Future of the IMF and the World Bank: Proceedings of a Conference held in Madrid, Spain, September 29-30, 1994

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 April 1995

ISBN: 9781557754875

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, structural adjustment, world economy, adjustment programs

On July 1–22,1944, delegates from 44 nations met at Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, to design a framework for future international economic cooperation. Faced with an exceedingly ambitious agenda—to agree on f...

VI Stabilization and Adjustment in the Presence of Currency Substitution

VI Stabilization and Adjustment in the Presence of Currency Substitution »

Source: Vietnam : Transition to a Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Erich Spitäller , M. Braulke , Christian Mulder , Hisanobu Shishido , Kenneth M. Miranda , John Dodsworth , and Keon Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1996

ISBN: 9781557755384

Keywords: exchange rate, inflation, foreign exchange, state enterprises, exchange rates

The circulation of the dollar alongside the domestic currency, the dong, has been a major characteristic of the Vietnamese economy since at least the early 1970s. Indeed, “currency substitution” or “dollariz...

4 Establishing a Vision for Promoting Economic Development

4 Establishing a Vision for Promoting Economic Development »

Source: Fifty Years After Bretton Woods : The Future of the IMF and the World Bank: Proceedings of a Conference held in Madrid, Spain, September 29-30, 1994

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 April 1995

ISBN: 9781557754875

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, structural adjustment, world economy, adjustment programs

Richard N. Gardner I have been given a double privilege today by the organizers of this splendid conference: to say a few words about the historical origins of the Bretton Woods orga...