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CHAPTER VI EMU CHALLENGES TO EUROPEAN LABOR MARKETS

CHAPTER VI EMU CHALLENGES TO EUROPEAN LABOR MARKETS »

Source: World Economic Outlook 2000 : Supporting Studies

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451944242

Keywords: exchange rate, gold, exchange rates, unemployment, real exchange rate

On “E-day,” January 1, 1999, phase 3 of the Economic and Monetary Union—EMU for short 1 —became reality. The euro area comprises all European Union member states and Sweden, Denmar...

CHAPTER I GLOBALIZATION AND GROWTH IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY

CHAPTER I GLOBALIZATION AND GROWTH IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY »

Source: World Economic Outlook 2000 : Supporting Studies

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451944242

Keywords: exchange rate, gold, exchange rates, unemployment, real exchange rate

This chapter reviews the experience of economic growth during the twentieth century in the context of trends in globalization and with a view to highlighting implications relevant to early twenty-first centu...

CHAPTER III CURRENCY CRISES: IN SEARCH OF COMMON ELEMENTS

CHAPTER III CURRENCY CRISES: IN SEARCH OF COMMON ELEMENTS »

Source: World Economic Outlook 2000 : Supporting Studies

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451944242

Keywords: exchange rate, gold, exchange rates, unemployment, real exchange rate

The financial crisis that erupted in east Asia in the second half of 1997 was the latest in a series of currency crises that at various times in the post–Bretton Woods period have engulfed emerging market ec...

1 The International Legal Environment of Exchange Rates

1 The International Legal Environment of Exchange Rates »

Source: Legal Effects of Fluctuating Exchange Rates

Series: Books

Author(s): Joseph Gold

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1990

ISBN: 9781475506921

Keywords: currency, currencies, exchange, exchange rates, exchange rate

Original Articles of IMF and Amendments The Articles of Agreement (Articles) of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the practices of the IMF under that treaty are the principal...

13 The Japanese Fiscal System and Fiscal Transparency

13 The Japanese Fiscal System and Fiscal Transparency »

Source: Structural Change in Japan : Macroeconomic Impact and Policy Challenges

Series: Books

Author(s): Tamim Bayoumi , Guy Meredith , and Bijan Aghevli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 June 1998

ISBN: 9781557756961

Keywords: fdi, exchange rate, inflation, monetary policy, real exchange rate

Ensuring fiscal accountability is an important objective for any society. This issue has come increasingly into focus in Japan in recent years, as in almost every other industrial country, owing partly to un...

16. The Design of Macroeconomic Policy in the World Economy

16. The Design of Macroeconomic Policy in the World Economy »

Source: International Financial Policy : Essays in honor of Jacques J. Polak

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1991

ISBN: 9781557751966

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary fund, current account, exchange rates, inflation

I. Introduction and Background Dissatisfaction with the macroeconomic performance of the world economy, particularly from the early 1970s, has been the catalyst for a great variety o...

9 Sustainable Poverty Reduction

9 Sustainable Poverty Reduction »

Source: Fifty Years After Bretton Woods : The Future of the IMF and the World Bank: Proceedings of a Conference held in Madrid, Spain, September 29-30, 1994

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 April 1995

ISBN: 9781557754875

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, structural adjustment, world economy, adjustment programs

Musalia Mudavadi The Bretton Woods conference of 1944 focused on the problems to be encountered in postwar reconstruction, including projects for development and rehabilitation, as w...

6 Japanese Foreign Direct Investment and Regional Trade

6 Japanese Foreign Direct Investment and Regional Trade »

Source: Structural Change in Japan : Macroeconomic Impact and Policy Challenges

Series: Books

Author(s): Tamim Bayoumi , Guy Meredith , and Bijan Aghevli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 June 1998

ISBN: 9781557756961

Keywords: fdi, exchange rate, inflation, monetary policy, real exchange rate

The debate about the impact of Japan’s foreign direct investment (FDI) has largely focused on whether the economy is “hollowing out.” The surge in outward Japanese FDI over the last decade, together with the...

10 Export Performance and Competitiveness in Mozambique

10 Export Performance and Competitiveness in Mozambique »

Source: Post-Stabilization Economics in Sub-Saharan Africa : Lessons from Mozambique

Series: Books

Author(s): Shanaka Peiris , and Jean Clément

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2008

ISBN: 9781589066779

Keywords: exchange rate, inflation, monetary policy, budget support, real exchange rate

Mozambique has experienced impressive economic growth over the past decade. GDP growth has averaged about 8 percent a year, which compares favorably with the growth takeoffs of Indonesia, Malaysia, the Phili...

Japanese Foreign Direct Investment and Regional Trade1

Japanese Foreign Direct Investment and Regional Trade1 »

Source: Japanese Foreign Direct Investment and Regional Trade

Volume/Issue: 1997/103

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gabrielle Lipworth , and Tamim Bayoumi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1997

ISBN: 9781451948165

Keywords: FDI, Hollowing Out, Trade Linkages, exchange rate, foreign investment, direct investment, real exchange rate

We examine the relationship between Japanese FDI outflows, domestic and foreign fixed investment, and the exchange rate. The results indicate that aggregate FDI outflows have been driven by investment in Japan and...